According to experts with experience in repair and construction work, the concrete floor is the most durable and reliable.He is strong and smooth, provides an ideal surface for laying tiles or flooring every floor.It is also a concrete floor in a wooden house has good resistance to breakage.Filling of the floor is not particularly difficult, and requires only a small skill.Perhaps its main drawback there is that it is quite cold.But now this problem is very easily solved thanks to the wide choice of thermal insulation, finishing materials, which lay on top of the concrete base.
What you need to fill the concrete floor ↑
For the self-pouring the concrete floor in a wooden house will need some tools and materials you need to prepare in advance:
- Rule - tools necessary for even distribution of the solution on t
- wooden slats;
- Poluter - a tool used for smoothing the surface;
- concrete solution - cement, water, sand and gravel.
initial stages - preparation ↑
Creating a concrete base in a wooden house should be done by a special technology.Only then can you get a durable, quality floor.
In most cases, a rough floor of the wooden house - joists, which are wide beams, laid on the ground, brick columns or hard-packed sand.Above them lay cranial boards, which are already laid floorboards itself.Over time, these floors are subject to fairly strong strain, begin to squeak.Furthermore, the boards may start to rot away.To eliminate such troubles, you can resort to the many ways to replace the old floor.The best option, of course, will be the unit in the building of concrete floors.
The technology of replacing the wooden floor is quite simple and does not require any special knowledge.For its implementation must be disassembled wooden floor, leaving only lags.If the damage affected the lag, they will also be deleted.In the latter case it is necessary to carry out the pouring of concrete on the ground floor.In a situation where the joists are in good condition, should first pour a layer of clay and flatten.Then follow the usual procedure for phased pouring concrete floor.
The lowest layer of the floor of the future will be a layer of expanded clay (you can use sand or gravel) that performs the function of heat insulation.It will create the necessary floor height.The thickness of this layer may vary from 10 to 40 millimeters.Under a layer of expanded clay can be further lay a layer of plastic film, serving as a vapor barrier.
should be noted that as an option for the device can use a concrete floor screed filled with expanded clay instead of the usual sleep.This technology is applied in practice is much less common, but still exists.Selecting a specific type of pouring a concrete floor in a wooden house must be individualized.
top layer of insulation is placed an additional layer of insulation.This method has a positive effect on the thermal characteristics of the house in general.
This is important!Insulating film should be laid so that it goes beyond the walls of 10-15 cm.
also need to remember that the level of the base must be the same level available in the house poured floors, or taking into account the height of the floor flooring future.
Technological rules reinforcement ↑
If after the above procedures are still visible on the surface of the beams, it is necessary from special metal rods bend certain shape desired shape.They should ideally cover the area of the beam.For the remainder of the surface is carried out the installation of wire mesh.
All future reinforcement elements, spread out over the entire floor area must be raised to 3-5 cm from the surface using a special wooden or metal struts.When conducting a complete preparation for pouring the concrete floor all the valves you want to pour a layer of concrete, should be in the middle of the bed and do not touch the surface of the floor at any point.
Pouring concrete floor ↑
At this stage, make a concrete solution.The consistency it should look like a dense homogeneous mass without lumps.The procedure of filling the entire area of the floor of the future need to spend per night.Therefore, the preparatory work is carried out in advance.If a future floor will house the utilities, such as electrical cables, then they must be subjected to a thorough insulation.They are placed in specially prepared troughs or cable channels that can prevent the risk of damage.
In a situation where a very large area of the house, then pouring the concrete floor can not carry out a solid monolith, and the individual parts.To do this, apply wood thresholds, which can then be removed or left.If you decide to remove them, then do it the next day.The resulting solution of the joints must be filled with a spatula.
poured concrete base of the wall located on the opposite side of the door, so as not to have to go on the wet surface.Once the entire area is filled with a solution, it should be leveled with a spatula or a rule.Achieving a level surface is very important at this stage, as this indicator depends on the possibility of placing certain existing floor covering.
In the first days after pouring the concrete floor in a wooden house you need to wet the surface about 4-6 times.The area of the floor covered with a layer of plastic film and leave to dry.Final drying concrete base takes about three weeks.The degree of drying is determined by the color change material to light gray, and to increase surface hardness.
final stage of the device is a concrete floor coating on the surface of the liquid cement and subsequent device couplers.The process of applying ties held in stages, as well as concrete.This element of the floor construction is required in order to achieve specific tasks:
- Making the surface hardness;
- Create an emphasis on slabs;
- Improved heat absorption.
should know!The concrete floor is much heavier weight of the structure of the house.It is necessary to find out in advance whether the foundation to withstand such a load.
Experts do not recommend to hold the pouring of concrete floor in a new wooden house, as the floor and the other elements of the house will be significantly deformed with the lapse of time.This can lead to cracking of the cast concrete.
advantages of the concrete base ↑
concrete floor in a wooden house has a number of advantages it from other types of flooring:
- Environmentally friendly material used allows it to fill any room in the house;
- Paul does not emit dust, even with fairly heavy use, thus avoiding the negative effects of dust on the respiratory system.This advantage appears during the special treatment the entire surface;
- Low fire hazard.In this type of sex strong fire has no effect;
- High resistance to chemicals and water.Concrete floor remains stable even under the influence of acids and other corrosive chemicals;
- concrete floor is a monolith, which prevents moisture and harmful microorganisms to penetrate;
- Prolonged operation.This field can be used without repair for 20-30 years.
Performing pouring a concrete floor in a wooden house in detail in the video, allows you to get the most complete picture of the technology of work.
It should be noted that the achievement of high wear resistance and maximum durability is only possible when pouring the concrete floor, carried out in strict accordance with the technology.Also an important point, has a significant impact on the end result is a surface preparation.Careful work on the phased implementation of existing technology ensures the high quality of the finished concrete base.