Ceiling tiles are one of the simplest and most "budget" types of ceiling coatings.This generally square panel of expanded polystyrene that can be absolutely any color and texture.They are well-mounted on a concrete base, plaster, asbestos, brickwork, wood chip and gypsum boards.However, the installation process only part may seem simple.In fact, to get the job done efficiently, we need certain knowledge and skill.In this article we will talk about what kinds of ceiling tiles there, how to choose the right, calculate the required number of them, and how to glue the ceiling tiles correctly.
Types ceiling tiles ↑
1. Extruded .Its thickness - 2.5-3 mm.Obtained by pressing.It is made from film-coated (or pain
2. Injection .It is produced by sintering foam polystyrene material.It has a thickness of 9-14 mm.It is characterized by a distinct pattern, and the correct geometric dimensions.
3. Pressed (or stamped).It is made from blocks of polystyrene.Its thickness is generally 6-8 mm.It features optimal price-performance ratio.
How to choose a ceiling tile ↑
First of all, you need to know how to choose a quality product.
and the quality of its quite easy to identify, it is enough to pay attention to the following characteristics:
1. geometrically correct dimensions .Each ceiling tile should be a square (every angle - 90 oz.) With smooth, straight edges.Sometimes there are panel shaped rectangles.Pay attention to the angles of these products were not wrinkled or rounded.These conditions must be met to the docking plate on the ceiling when pasting turned out perfect.
2. quality material .Note the condition of the edges of polystyrene and its grain.It is desirable that the grains were small (the smaller the better) and the same size, and the edges - strong, they should not crumble.Also, the entire surface of the tiles must be dense.There is a simple, uncomplicated way to check the quality of stamped tiles: it is enough to take it lightly around the corner and then a little shake.If after such an experiment, the product will remain intact, then everything is in order: quality tiles can break or deform under its own weight.
3. quality picture .Tiled image must have the correct relief to be clear.
Calculating the number of tiles ↑
Thus, the type and quality of the tile defined.Now it is necessary to calculate the amount for a particular room.This can be done, for example, in the following way: it is necessary to take paper and pencil and start drawing room, trying to keep the proportions.Then, try to be on paper as accurately as possible to arrange the tiles on the ceiling inside to outside and then just as well to mark the surface of the ceiling.
- total area of 19.35 m2 ceiling (ie 4,3 x 4,5).
- form of tiles - square (50x50).So, with respect to our ceiling must be 72 pcs.(9 x 8) integral products.
- If gaps remain, whose dimensions will be & lt;one half of the tile (& lt; 25 cm), then go to 1 bar coating 2 gaps.If the gap amount to more than half of the tile 1, then for each such clearance will need a whole tile.
- Thus, we need 81 (9 × 9) full tiles.
- recommended to buy more tiles (average 10%) in the event of deformation, the cutting failure or breakage.
How adhesive glue ↑
Normally when pasting ceiling apply adhesives Polish "Eco-naset" or "Titan", as well as domestic "Moment".The first 2 Universal adhesive grasped with the surface of a good, reliable, but is rather slow (have some time to support the tile).The best glue for a tile roof - a "moment."It adheres to the ground more quickly their Polish counterparts and keeps excellent panel.But it is worth more, not consumed sparingly and for its application require a special device - the gun sealant.
Tile adhesive is applied to the plate cylinder of a dot or straight from the bottle, to smear it all entirely inappropriate: it weighs a little foam, so the load is low.
How to prepare the surface ↑
can not glue the tiles on the ceiling of the unprepared.Its surface is required to thoroughly clean and it is desirable to align.Ceilings, sheathed chipboard or plywood, priming is required.Thus, the ceiling before pasting should be clean, dry, fat-free, as the surface of the tile.
Location ceiling tiles ↑
considering all stages of preparatory work, go to the technological moment.Now we'll show you how to glue the ceiling tiles.To do this, first of all, to know how to position it on the ceiling.The first of what is necessary to make a start on this issue - it is on the location of the chandelier.Indeed, depending on where the lighting device is attached, and will depend on the location of all tile panels.Consider the basic options:
1. Chandelier - in the center of the room
With this arrangement, chandelier sequence will be as follows:
- diagonal pull the thread 2,and then in the place where they crossed outline center of the ceiling, which should coincide with the place where the wires come out of the fixture;
- through the center of the marked cross-wise to spend two perpendicular lines, receiving surface divided into 4 equal parts;
- construct a square with the center, which was marked earlier, and hold it diagonally;
- decide how to glue the ceiling tile.We offer such an option: the first item to paste, so that one of its corners was exactly the intended center, join the rest of the tiles and glue it in parallel rows.And remember that when pasting can not leave gaps and seams, place the tiles close.Focus on the triangle arrow buttons on the back of the panels - make sure that they were looking in the same direction.
- all past rows of tiles have a knife cut to the desired size and apply the adhesive after the fitting;
- gap between the wall and all the extreme tiles will be closed ceiling moldings.
Important!The first rows of tiles need to be aligned as much as possible.This will determine how exactly will form the rest of the panel.
2. Chandelier - not in the center of the room
- taken as the center point where the hanging light fixture.Through it, you need to spend 2 perpendicular lines running parallel to the walls of the room;
- then formed right angles need to draw a line at an angle of 45 deg., And then - similar to the embodiment 1.
Important!If the point of attachment of tiles is fixing chandeliers, the tile will have to cut corners.In the future, this defect will cover the plate chandeliers.
recommendations, tips ↑
- is better to press the tiles wooden beam.The product is fragile and it can push your hands.
- If the geometry of the ceiling is far from ideal, and the joints between the panels produced with slits, we recommend to use acrylic sealant white.However, this method is applicable only to the white tiles that do not have a laminated layer.Also, the sealant can seal the remaining gap formed between the wall and the skirting.After drying acrylic sealant is painted.
- Sometimes there are gaps between the tiles and the wall.Note that if such a gap & lt;15 mm, in consequence it is easy to get close decorative moldings.If this gap & gt;15 mm, has a closed strip panel, cut to size, taking into account the pattern.
- In small rooms (bathrooms, kitchens, etc.) glued panels from the center toward the edges inappropriate.In this case, this method does not give the feeling solid surface, but only increase the flow of material.In such cases, tiles are glued angle toward the center, and, starting from the side which is opposite to entry.But there may be many ways.
- Normally, all instructions in dealing with how to glue the tiles on the ceiling, it is advisable to cut it on a hard, flat surface.However, the smooth edge is most easily obtained if the cut panel on the sheet of corrugated cardboard.He does not blunt edge of a knife, cutting line is always perfectly flat.
combination of pattern and color ↑
- adhered panels multicolored snake, you need to choose 2 or more of the combined color contrasting 2 and make a layout similar to the second embodiment of the ceiling (where the chandelier is not in the center of the ceiling).
- If you can not choose to store 2 suitable color panel, you can try to paint in any color you like white tile.Suitable latex or acrylic paint.
- can stick panels in a checkerboard pattern.In order to choose two colors and start glueing, starting from the middle of the ceiling found using diagonals.The edges of the tiles must be parallel to the walls.
Care ceiling tile ↑
We have seen how pokleit ceiling tile, but it is not enough.It is also useful to know how to take care of it:
- laminated tiles must be cleaned with a damp soapy sponge;
- uncoated should be cleaned with a dry cloth or a vacuum cleaner equipped with a soft nozzle.
- good little dirt is removed by conventional eraser;
- should know that under the influence of direct sunlight yellow tiles;
- do not place uncovered a chandelier at the top at a distance & lt;29 cm from the ceiling tiles as tile material is easily deformed by heat.
How to glue the ceiling tile: Video ↑
In conclusion, we note that all the ceiling tiles stickers methods discussed in this article are basic, but not only.Flight of the human imagination is limitless.Perhaps you want to dream and stick the panel originally applying different from all the standard method.It should nevertheless be based on the basic knowledge.This is the information that will help you avoid serious mistakes, as well as save time and effort.