The choice of flooring material is always pretty serious.This is due to the fact that modern finishing materials market offers a fairly wide range, as manufacturers strive to find new solutions that successfully combine practicality, functionality and democratic price.One of these solutions a few years ago has become a laminate.Thus, the device of the laminate is fairly easy, and the performance of the material does not leave anyone indifferent.
It should be noted that the laminate is of excellent appearance.It looks better than real wood and decorative coating it allows you to simulate a variety of materials.As is known, the laminate is divided into several types.They differ not only in their characteristics, but also the structure of the board.
«Device" laminate planks ↑
Laminant board - a kind of "pie", the filling of which has an impact on the quality of the finished product.So, this flooring is customary to distinguish several layers:
- base board;
- its stabilizing layer;
- aesthetic decorative layer determines the appearance of the floor;
- protective coating.
Base board - a pledge of strength ↑
base can be made from several materials: MDF or HDF.Using MDF provides a standard when laying laminate flooring with the average strength, resistance to deformation.The use of HDF as a base facilitates preparation of the laminate board with higher strength characteristics.
stabilizing layer - the guarantor of stiffness ↑
thickness of this layer is extremely small - about 0.1-0.2 mm, but it is rather large role in ensuring the quality facing material for a floor.
Running stabilization layer is impregnated with a special compound paper or plastic.Its main function is to stiffen the material.This property allows the laminate boards to be resistant to temperature extremes, high humidity and high loads.
decorative layer - the question of design ↑
In the name of this layer laminate has hidden its main purpose.He is responsible for the appearance of the material, its attractiveness.It is a decorative layer attached to it one or the other pattern texture.It is no secret that the vast number of consumers to purchase floor covering, based on its appearance, choosing the most suitable option for the interior.
protective layer - a reliable barrier ↑
protective coating provides durability and wear resistance.It is clear that without such a coating decorative layer has worn to a very short period of time.This layer is a polymer coating, which is transparent so that the decorative coating pattern is clearly visible.
Thus, traditionally the laminate board consisting of four layers, but its structure may be somewhat more difficult and have additional layers.Often it concerns the material used in areas of high stress.
It is worth noting that not only are the layers of the laminate board.Thus, the device is made of laminate layers is also carried out.
device made of laminate ↑
Quality floor unit assumes that all the necessary work in a strict sequence.
First, uninstall the previous flooring - linoleum, hardboard or carpet.Secondly, start leveling floor surface.At this stage her eliminated all cracked, chipped and uneven.In the presence of large differences in height arranged cement-sand screed.She will be the first layer of "cake" laminate flooring.
After drying screed checked for differences using a spirit level.If the quality of the surface is poor, you can use self-leveling mixture.After hardening it can proceed to the next layer of the device.
For added comfort and durability of laminate flooring is necessary to take care of the packing moisture and vapor barrier.Usually, a thickness of 2-3 mm.The chosen material is spread on the floor and cut off the perimeter of the room.All existing joints are glued a special tape.The need for laying vapor barrier material occurs at the device of a laminate floor on a concrete surface.
then put sound absorbing substrate.In addition to its direct function, it helps smooth out irregularities and a layer of cushioning.Today there is a choice between a special substrate (professional), cork material or foamed polyethylene.Typically, manufacturers produce to the market since the floor substrate.
You can then proceed directly to the laying of laminate boards - it will be the final layer at the device sex.Mounting topcoat laminate carried "floating" manner, that is, the material is not attached to the base.Boards are joined together with a locking means.This laminate panels are joined tightly enough to not form any cracks.
Particular attention should be paid to the formation of gaps around the walls.They are carried out with the help of prefabricated spacers.Their use allows you to leave at the interface of the laminate and the wall a sufficient distance for the expansion of the floor covering.If you ignore this caveat, the situation may arise when the finished floor simply "vspuchilis."
Ends device laminate floor installation skirting boards.Care should be taken so that it does not prevent the outflow of moisture from the laid screed.
If you are planning unit of floor heating, it is recommended to stop the choice on the water or infrared film version.These are warm floors do not allow much and dramatically heated flooring, which can lead to a violation of its integrity.
Thus, the device of a laminate floor requires mandatory registration of performance materials and careful sequencing required to perform the work.The result is a durable, high-quality flooring that can last for many years, which will be pleasing to the eye and will decorate the interior of your home.