question of whether it was necessary under the laminate substrate, involves a definite and positive answer.The relevant question concerning the linoleum, causing a lot of debate.Some believe that the substrate under the linoleum does not need it, others believe in its necessity.Of course, everyone decides whether he needs the support, however, for a decision are advised to refer to the basic functions of the substrate, its advantages and disadvantages.
main functions of the substrate ↑
Accepted provide two main functions of the substrate:
- masking uneven floor surfaces;
- floor insulation.
When performing maintenance work on the floor surface can be any irregularities.Despite its compulsory alignment before decking flooring, no one is safe from minor defects.However, household linoleum is soft, and all irregularities are clearly visible with time, moreover, there is the risk of rupture i
second major function of the substrate is a floor insulation.Obviously, linoleum, laid directly on a cement-sand screed, will be quite cold, and walk on this floor is not too comfortable.This is especially significant for the ground floor of a multistory building and private homes in which there is a basement.
However, not enough simply to resolve the issue of the need for placing the substrate under the linoleum.Still to make the right choice of material.
substrate under the linoleum: choose ↑
experts strongly recommend not to lay a linoleum foam substrate, since it entails a rather sad consequences.Himself linoleum lies on the foam enough smoothly and the operation of it will appear immediately dents, which over time can lead to tearing the floor covering.
Manufacturers linoleum are also advised to give up such an option of warming the floor.To demonstrate his unfitness easily.You can take a sheet of plain paper and put it on a hard surface such as a table.Then, push the tip of the knife to the paper.Life experience and a vivid example of prompt that the paper does not happen, the most - it will be a very small hole.
However, if a paper put something relatively soft, even a piece of the substrate under the linoleum, the same pressure on the tip of the blade leaf, it immediately forms a hole.
Of course, the linoleum is difficult to equate the degree of fragility of the paper, but the analogy is obvious: the linoleum is easily susceptible to breakage and mechanical stress.At the same time go on such linoleum is an extremely warm and comfortable.But buying is not the heaviest computer chair can turn a square meter of floor covering in the mess.
So today experts have identified a number of options the most suitable substrates for linoleum.These include:
- jute fiber;
- substrate made of natural flax;
- mixture of flax, jute and wool;
- fiberboard or plywood;
- cork maximum rigidity.
Of course, each type of substrate has certain advantages and disadvantages, so you need to make a choice based on the operating conditions of the floor covering, personal preferences and financial capabilities.
So, jute material is ideal for improving the thermal insulation properties of linoleum.This is especially significant in cases where the concrete screed was laid directly on the ground or under the house has a basement, which is not heated.Backing Jute different environmental friendliness, safety and ability to maintain a favorable climate in the room.However, choosing a jute backing, pay attention to its density - it should be the maximum.
In general, the requirement of rigidity is common to all kinds of substrates.The fact that the presence of the soft substrate on which is also mild household linoleum too great likelihood that the floor will remain unsightly indentations.Moreover, there will be several such floor spring, which does not create comfort during walking.It would seem, in this case, the ideal option would be plywood or fiberboard.However, this view is mistaken.
Experienced builders believe plywood unsuitable material for the substrate, as it reduces the life of linoleum.Plywood is more suitable as a substrate for the wooden floor.As for fiberboard, its use is also questionable.This is due to the fact that this material is characterized by good water resistance and resistance to temperature.Of course, this leads to a deformation of the substrate, and as a result, deformation of flooring.
Many experts agree that the best option is to cork backing.
Why to plug?↑
Typically, cork substrate is sold in the form of rolls, which creates a certain comfort for its installation.By purchasing the material, you need to find out exactly from the seller degree of rigidity.
Popularity cork due to its performance, provided that its structure.Cork cell structure is different: in each cell as sealed air bubble.This allows you to distribute the load on quality flooring.
Thus, the substrate under the cork linoleum characterized by the following performance characteristics:
- quality sound insulation;
- retains heat, allowing you to walk barefoot on the floor even in extreme cold;
- not conducive to the growth of mold and other harmful organisms;
- protects the floor from damage.
Thus, the answer to the question of whether there should be laid under the linoleum, is rather positive.She has two, but important functions: masking uneven floor and warms the floor.However, it is worth considering that the choice of a material for it you will have to exercise their own, taking into account some of the nuances: its features, preferences and conditions of flooring and substrate.
If your choice fell on the linoleum, the back side of which the manufacturer has equipped the substrate, a cutscene about what experts recommend buying coverage: