laying linoleum - a critical process that requires knowledge of a number of technological nuances and the availability of at least basic skills of construction.From how much quality will be able to make the flooring will depend appearance and durability of the floor covering.Therefore it is necessary to approach the issue "fully prepared" to look through pre-stacking technology linoleum.It is important to be aware of the existing methods of the present, to select the most preferred.
Prepare materials and tools ↑
- linoleum Just the right size (it would be great if the width of the roll would be sufficient to put a cloth material).Do not forget to provide a margin of 10 cm on all sides
- Stain Remover
- Building knife, equipped with hook-and straight interchangeable blades
- ruler (preferably metal)
- Scissors (large)
- AdhesiveSpecial seams
- mastic adhesive in the form of water-based
- Double-sided adhesive tape for vinyl
prepare for the work ↑
1. Create appropriate working conditions. Get organized in the room, clean and wash it, ensure that that there are no drafts.It is necessary to maintain a stable temperature (not & lt; 18 c.) And humidity (no & gt; 60%) in a room two days before and two days after decking.
2. Prepare the surface. first remove the baseboards.Then remove all the debris from the floor, dust, crumbs, grease stains.It must be absolutely dry, clean and smooth.It is not recommended to lay linoleum over the previous floor.
If you plan to lay linoleum on concrete floor , it is enough to patch up all the cracks and just vacuum it.You can pre-warm.To do this on a concrete or cement base must be glued to wood-fiber plates (DVP).If desired, these sheets may be applied in two layers - one soft plates, and the second - from semisolid.If
be laid linoleum on the wooden floor , then please make sure of the reliability of the floorboards, drive all nails sticking out.Above the boards is not superfluous to lay plywood, and then fix it with nails (every nail - 10 cm).Joints - zashpatlevat and sanded.
If there old dilapidated flooring, then remove it, paint over bumps and cracks leveling compound.Then grind.
3. Prepare coating. Linoleum must survive 2 days in the room where it is to be laid.Rolls should be placed vertically.
Important!If linoleum purchased in winter, in the cold days, it can not be laid immediately, without training.Roll, brought in from the cold, you can not even deploy.The fact is that when exposed to subzero temperatures linoleum is brittle.It is intended solely for the heated premises.So be sure to let the rolls warm naturally at room temperature.
about a day before stacking bales should roll out, cut cloth and put on the floor so they straightened.Slice web based bends (10 cm) on the walls and taking into account the different niches and doorways.Place them along the longest wall.It is important to lie down and leveled linoleum under its own gravity.On large canvases can accommodate smaller to enhance the effect of alignment.
may happen that cover the floor with one blade fails, and you have to make it out of different pieces.It is important to monitor to match up the picture.Consider the following features:
- marble-and monochrome paintings of linoleum laid perpendicular to the direction of the light to the outer walls that were not visible seams.
- fabric patterned linoleum a longitudinal, carefully combining drawing.Along placed in hallways, regardless of the figure.
The rooms of complex shape (with columns sculpted walls, pipes, and so on. N.) Laid linoleum on the floor, mark the contours of the walls with the help of a ruler and cut, given the allowances.The final prirezku produce after sticking, gluing and missed an additional edge putty.
If you plan to fix the linoleum with the help of double-sided adhesive tape, it is recommended to glue it to the ground around the perimeter, leaving the upper protective coating.
Technology laying linoleum ↑
linoleum flooring can be done in three ways:
- without fixing, t. E. The free styling;
- on the tape;
- adhesive (paste water based).
choice of a particular method depends on the floor area and planned conditions of its operation.
If the room is small (up to 20 sq. M) and the floor is operated by non-intensive, it is quite suitable way to free styling. Normal human movement to cover not cause serious deformation.
If we are talking about places of over 20 meters, where it is supposed to move heavy objects (furniture, equipment, etc.), then gluing linoleum - a prerequisite.Otherwise, do not avoid swelling, stretching and tearing.Even a simple movement can cause the movement of furniture linoleum.In a large room with a small cross linoleum can be fixed with adhesive tape. If the permeability is great - it is only a special glue.
laying linoleum without fixing ↑
- To achieve flexibility, linoleum, hold it a day in a room at a temperature of 18 c.
- Well, if the web width enough to cover the entire floor.We just need to cut the sheet corresponding to the shape of the room (including doorways, various niches).Do not forget to leave a machining allowance on each side is not & lt;8-10 cm.
- Tuck allowances, give cover to lie a day or two.
- You may need to join several bands, and then the special care necessary to watch, that they match up the picture.Typically, the same pattern when joining strips on a flat line factory cut.
- happens that drawing the line cut is not the same factory.In such a case would have to cut the strip.Sequence of operations is as follows: put overlapped webs in such a way that the drawing and the lower and the upper web are aligned.Over the paintings should put a metal ruler and hold cutter (can building with a knife) so that erupted two webs.Remove the trim, stripes should be clear to dock.Joint need glue or mastic adhesive double-sided tape.
- inner corners should be cut diagonally.Because linoleum is easier to get smooth and tighten the walls evenly.
- Ruler closely attach to the wall and carefully trim any excess with a knife blade with a special hook.
- When installing skirting better to screw the screws into the floor, not on the wall, because linoleum is fixed on the perimeter.
linoleum flooring linoleum adhesive tape ↑
- Pre-stick adhesive tape on the base, without removing the top protective layer.Sizing the tape around the perimeter as well as the joints and throughout the coating in an arbitrary order.
- Spread, cutting linoleum, give the canvas a complete rest.
- allowances cut.
- fabric glue along one wall.
- lift the canvas to the wall to which it is adhered, then remove the protective layer sequentially with attached tape and glue the linoleum throughout the area.
- With other paintings do the same.
How to glue linoleum ↑
- Roll the edge of the cloth, thoroughly coat the base adhesive (mastic).Put the canvas on the floor and then roll back the opposite edge of the linoleum to the point of application of mastic.Promazhte glue the next part of the base.Linoleum is put in place.
- Smooth cloth from the center to the edges, while expelling all the air from under the cloth.To do this, use a roller.
- spatula smooth the linoleum near walls.
- attach a metal ruler close to the wall and with the aid of the construction of a knife with a hook-shaped blade, cut the surplus.Often change the blade.Do not rush
- bring furniture, let the mastic dry.About the setting time can be read on the packaging glue.
- If desired, it can be treated joints.On sale is a special transparent adhesive joints for the treatment of linoleum.Sometimes referred to as liquids for sealing seams.However, filling the joints of glue that should be the day after the linoleum flooring.
laying linoleum: Video ↑
As you can see, laying linoleum with their hands - not an easy exercise, as perhaps it might seem at first glance.In order to produce high quality flooring, without the knowledge of technology can not do.