Care soil - a laborious process that allows to obtain high yields of crops and thus improve the fertility of the land.It includes a number of measures: preparatory work, digging or hoeing (depending on soil type and preferences gardener or a gardener), fertilizer and watering, without which in the dry summer months can do a rare plant.There are many tools and methods of care for the soil, allowing to achieve the best results by doing the work as efficient as possible.
Video tips for caring for the soil ↑
Site preparation and the process of digging the soil ↑
Soil is a complex natural body consisting of mineral and organic components of gases, liquids, and living organisms.A person with the necessary knowledge, can grow all sorts of crops so that the
look after the soil begins with site preparation, which consists in cleaning debris, stones, uprooting old trees, stumps and shrubs, remove major weeds and leveling the site allocated for gardens, flower beds or vegetable garden.The next step - digging the soil.
dug necessary, especially if the site is composed of heavy clay soils, which are periodically sealed in places where it is planned to break a new flower bed orflower bed, as well as at the sites, heavily overgrown with weeds.The process of digging is removing the bayonet spade on a volume of earth, which is inverted and placed in the previous hole.It is important to remove the roots of weeds and stones.
It is best to carry out digging or plowing fall, leaving a large portion of lumps of earth that will be destroyed by wind and natural precipitation until spring.The greatest benefit it will bring heavy loam and clay soils.If the earth has had time to freeze slightly, then it should not be touched as a result of the soil may thicken, and the structure of his broken.
Loosening as an alternative to digging ↑
Some owners of gardens and vegetable gardens refuse digging site, because they believe that this leads to disruption of physical and chemical composition, deterioration of soil structure, the destruction of the channels formed by underground organisms.These moves absorb moisture and oxygen in the depth of the soil, and the spring awakening for the residents of the soil will take longer.
also believed that the mixing of the upper and lower nutrient poorer land reduces overall fertility.Therefore, only minimal processing cost: on the soil surface layer is formed from peat, compost or manure.Seeds are sown in the culture medium.The soil from the top it is advisable to cover with mulch.
With this method you can use with the efficiency of those plants, the root system that grows deep into the soil no.In other cases, without a thorough turning of the earth can not do.If the soil is not very clayey and friable enough, then you can dig every 3 years, and in the rest of the time will be sufficient only to loosen the soil and fertilize.It is important to bear in mind that this event will bring maximum benefits if it is carried out in advance of transplanting and seeding, then earthworms will learn a new layer of earth.
process of loosening and options for watering plants ↑
Care includes loosening soil of the earth.This activity makes the soil surface more structured, and improves fluid penetration depth and reduces water loss.During the loosening of land simultaneously removed all the weeds sprouted.Loose soil is much easier compared to the digging.For this process, you can use a pitchfork, sticking them into the earth every 10 cm and their swaying from side to side.Then apply cultivator motyzhku with rounded teeth or powerful Gruber.The result is a very loose layer of soil suitable for planting plants.
Further care for the soil is actually reduced to the timely fertilization, fertilizing and watering.Moisture is essential in the dry summer months and into the ground in many ways.Watering can be drip, subsurface, surface and sprinkler irrigation.It is advisable once during the development of the site to lay the irrigation network.Selection of a particular method of watering depends on the equipment available, the climatic conditions of the terrain.
under drip irrigation system fluid flows directly to the area of the root system.Subsurface irrigation is carried out on pipes with holes, which are laid in the ground.For surface water supply arrange open channels for water sprinklers do indoor pipeline where installed sprinklers.
types of fertilizers and the use of mulch ↑
Fertilizers advisable to make after the fall digging.There are organic, mineral agents.Besides improved soil quality can be determined by planting plants (rape, turnip, mustard, rapeseed, etc.), known orgomineralnyh fertilizers.Organic agents may be of animal or vegetable origin.The former include bird droppings and manure, and to the second - peat and compost.
mineral fertilizers need to be very careful to follow the instructions.The most common use of potassium, nitrogen, lime, manganese and other drugs.As necessary, the grown crops as a diluted organic feed and fertilizers.
maintain healthy plants, and improve the quality of the soil you can use mulch.In summer, it helps to control weeds, prevents drying of the land.Autumn mulch to protect the soil well, especially one that does not dig for the winter.First, you can prikopat compost and cover it with a layer of leaves, sawdust.
important to remember.Dense materials for mulching may attract mice.The benefit of this event is that the soil in the winter freeze and will be less clogged, and there before the spring wake underground organisms.For those sites where found a lot of slugs, mulching is better not to produce.
Caring for the soil is not easy, but it has a positive effect.With proper carrying out of the complex of these activities can improve soil conditions, its structure, increase the number of important for plant growth substances.