Winter is just around the corner, and works on the plot is still enough.But experienced gardeners know that how you do the autumn in the garden depends on your crop next year.
Video:tips for the autumn work in the country ↑
Autumn work at their summer cottage ↑
- not remove the berries and fruits from the trees after a rain or dew.Plucked fruits from the trees it is best just to cool to a temperature of 4-6 ° C, otherwise they quickly become overripe and spoiled.The walls of the room in which you will store the harvest, treated with a solution of formaldehyde or soda, it will prevent the appearance of mold fungus.
- old branch and root growth should be removed.Autumn is the time to make the forming or renewal pruning.
- stems of raspberries, which no longer bear fruit, cut at ground level.We need to remove the
- Heat-loving fruit trees (such as peach and apricot) nestle in the winter.
- carefully crafted hollows inner surface with a solution of 10% iron and 5% copper sulfate solution.The hole is filled with hollow bricks or broken pebbles, then this place is cemented and covered with oil paint.
- a wire brush or scraper to remove diseased bark from trees (wood podstelil film) obtained burn garbage outside garden.If the tree has a wound, lubricate garden pitch.Select the day with a dry and windless weather, wear safety goggles and a bandage and treat large branches and shtamby solution of iron sulphate (5%).This will save you from the problems of pests and diseases.
- around fruit trees to make a circle of glue to the larvae of winter moth has not crept into the trees.Glue recipe: 10 parts of pine resin, 1.5 parts petrolatum, rosin 1.2 parts.Use the belt catching on the trunks of trees to catch moths (in September, she lays her eggs on the bark).In late November, these simple devices are cleaned, whitewashed trunks are wrapped trunks of pine branches and paper.
- Young trees do protection against mice.To do this, tie the trunks of trees with burlap, roofing material and then wrap with aluminum wire.Top roofing lime.Excellent material for binding - fiberglass or old nylon stockings (not preet crust beneath them, and the mouse will never bite a harness).
- to trees in winter vymerzli, spend vlagozaryadkovy watering trees.
Make groove depth 15-10 cm around the trunk of the tree (every 80 cm).Watering should be at the rate of 60 l / m for mature apple trees, 40 l / m - for cherries, plums and younger apple tree.At the last irrigation well make fertilizer, then the groove covered with earth.
hassle garden ↑
- plants with symptoms and signs of disease pests need to dig deep or outside the backyard burn.
- dig the garden in autumn or not - you decide, but all residues from the area to be removed.
- the vacant beds to sow cilantro, radishes, dill.From the first night frost these crops will save Covering film.
- in greenhouse remove the top layer of soil (5 cm), mix it with compost and mineral fertilizers, pour into a compost pit.
- Peat old fallen leaves, sawdust will save the root system of plants from severe frosts.Since strawberries are covered with a solid layer (about 10 cm), and currant bushes mulch within a radius of 80 cm.
- Usually autumn work in the garden was carried out taking care of the future harvest.So, the old leaves of strawberries cut into the soil making NPK (10 liters of water 2.5 Art. L.).To flower buds for next year was more in the beginning of September, the soil fertilized with urea (10 liters of water - 30 g).Plants treated against fungal diseases fitosporin from mildew - sulfur colloid from rot and spot - copper oxychloride.
- old fallen leaves and collect fruit and blow off-site.
- Plan your garden with a view of crop rotation.
- If the soil in your yard is acidic, it is necessary to carry out liming.Ash is best to fertilize the ground in the spring.
Harvesting cuttings for grafting ↑
It is mandatory and necessary work in the autumn garden.Cuttings for grafting harvested in November.In healthy trees (apples, pears, stone fruit) need to take cuttings from the west or the south upper crown (length of about 40 cm).Then the cuttings are collected in bundles and provided with labels.Putting beams needed in the wet sand or sawdust in the vertical (immerse them in the sand at 2/3).Small cuttings can be stored in the refrigerator, after wrapping them with a damp cloth.The snowy winter cuttings conveniently buried in the snow on the north side of the house (do not forget to wrap the cuttings associated with roofing material and a rope to protect against mice).
Autumn works in the flower garden ↑
- In September and October can be divided and planted perennials.At this time planted hyacinths, daffodils, small bulbs, which need time to take root.Tulips are planted just before the frost.
- Autumn varieties of garlic and onions are also planted in September and October.In order to save space they can be planted in flowerbeds, planted with roses (it will benefit both cultures).
- Just before the frosts Nestle fragile plants.
- autumn not fertilize and do not cut roses.Cut only the dry branches.Spend hilling roses soil mixed with gravel or bark.
- After the first frost dig dahlia tubers.They should be stored in a dry and dark place.
For many gardeners autumn work in the country - pleasant chores, thanks to the earth for the harvest.Work hard at their summer cottage with love and pleasure, and the fruit and vegetable garden will reward you handsomely for their efforts.