Imagine a comfortable decision bath in a heated building on a cold winter evening.Like all good, but after this relaxing procedure, the man puts his feet on the cold tile and "falls from heaven to earth."Yes, now a pleasant feeling overshadowed, it is necessary to wear warm socks and shoe slippers.Moreover, this situation is not only the bathroom floor, but also the kitchen, bedroom and other rooms.Even in a warm room it can often be noted that like the body feels normal, but his feet are frozen.Radiant floor solves this problem in the best way, so he devoted to this publication.
Warm floor - increased comfort ↑
Even 15 years ago, water heated floors caused surprise and bewilderment in people.Just a man and in a wonderful dream I could not imagine that in winter you can walk barefoot on the floor having fun, and the kids can frolic and play on the floor while parents are quite calm - the child does not catch a cold.Then, thinking was quite different, people carefully littered the floors are carpeted, and walked in slippers or woolen socks.
Today, this relic of the past can be forgotten and "look into the eyes" progress and new technologies.Plus, anyone can mount in his monastery floor heating the water with their hands and enjoy its advantages to the full.Why
feet are always cold?↑
What is heat?This form of energy is necessary not only for human life, but also for a full existence.The reason for freezing the legs of a man who is conveniently located in the chair is the wrong distribution of the energy in the room is heated, for example, conventional radiators.If you remember high school physics lessons, we can say that the flow of air circulating in the thermal impact on the following principle: the warm air stream is heated by radiators and rises to the ceiling, then partially cooled and has moved to the floor.Here in this case, and that the air has been heated to a temperature of 26 degrees, and has dropped down to 18 mark.This distribution does not quite match the physiological needs of man.
heating elements create a warm floor just at the surface of the "comfort zone" + 22-24ºS, and at the level of heads of the very air is a little cooler, around 18.Such a temperature distribution is ideal for a person, so warm water floor gets very positive reviews, it's a wonderful feeling and comfort of a modern attitude to life.
Advantages of warm water floor ↑
This system has a lot of positive aspects, we would like to mention the most important.
Ease additional heating ↑
wonderful that in our time the heat sink is not the only source of heating.For example, the heating season has ended or has not yet begun, but on the street, respectively, and in the room is cold.What to do?Just dress warmly, with the head to wrap up in a blanket and forbid children to play on the floor.Warm water floor to cope with this problem perfectly, a man decides heat in the house must be either cool.
This independent heating system creates a favorable atmosphere in the room, much better than the convective heating appliances.Heating temperature in each room is regulated at will, so that the cold and too overheated zones in the building will not.
Another plus side of the water floor heating - the temperature between day and night time of day, that is, with the help of modern sensor temperature is maintained automatically.A limited air circulation reduces the amount of dust rising up.
savings - an important argument ↑
to ensure the ideal temperature in the house, apartment, office floor warm water has no analogues and competitors.The main element of the system - the pipe, are stacked inside the structure.The heated water circulating in the system, the heat is spread evenly, then overheated and slightly warmed plots there, which is not the radiator heating system.The energy saved through the creation of optimal temperature characteristics, but still it is possible to reduce a couple of degrees and feel fine.
Freedom of design and architecture ↑
Completely concealed floor heating system and the lack of visible on the surface of the heating elements opens up enormous opportunities for suitable interior design (in the sense of arrangement of furniture) to free space was bigger.As well as pleasing to the eye window without encumbering heavy radiator.Stone and ceramic flooring can safely plan, because they will not be cold and unpleasant to the touch.
design "benefits of civilization» ↑
device water floor heating is a kind of layered structure, which is also called "floor pie»:
- base - a wooden subfloor or concrete slab;
- waterproofing layer (it can sometimes supplemented damper tape around the perimeter of the room);
- insulating layer, which prevents the penetration of heat from the pipe system in the concrete base.And it reflects the heat upwards, towards the floor covering;
- pipe system;
- bearing stratum.This can be a concrete screed (in most cases) or dry screed made of water-resistant gypsum fiber sheets;
Important: the thickness of the structure as a whole ranges of 70-150 mm.And it depends on the diameter of the pipe, the thickness of the layer of insulation and capacity of the screed.
By design the device heated floors water with your hands can be made in three versions:
- Concrete.When installing this type of floor or polypropylene plastic pipes immersed with cement-sand screed.It was she, and serves as a heat spreader.
- Wooden systems - and aluminum heat-reflective plates and pipes with coolant stacked or chipboard, or between the rails.
- polystyrene.This system involves the laying of water (non-metallic) tubes on polystyrene plates.
main components of the water floor ↑
- water floor heating scheme has the following form: Pipeline - the main element of the system, the coolant moves through it, it heats the pipe walls, which give its heat to the surrounding surface.As a rule, most of the water pipe to warm the floor using metal-polymer, that is, metal-plastic.Although it should be noted the fact that in recent years have become popular pipe PEX cross-linked polyethylene.
- Damper tape.It is not used in all cases, but its use is necessary for the installation of floor heating with concrete screed.This foam tape (thickness: 1-2 cm), which is glued around the room.When the floor is heated, expanded concrete coupler, the main task of damping tapes - by compression to ensure the integrity of the coating (tiles, screeds, marble), and it does not allow the appearance of cracks.
- heat-reflective coating is necessary to heat energy heats only the outer surface of the floor.In general, the coating is applied with a reinforced mesh intended for fastening pipes.
- plasticizer prevents the formation of cracks in the screed.It is added to concrete, resulting in altered properties of the concrete, it becomes resistant to temperature change indicators.
- collector is responsible for the connection of the water heating surface to the heating system itself.Adjustment and uniform distribution of heat carrier - manifolding.
- Manifold cabinet - the location of the collector.
Mats - thermal insulation material ↑
As has been said, on a concrete foundation should be laid heat insulating material.Typically, in a modern building used mats of water underfloor heating of the polystyrene, and for even greater efficiency can be applied foil option.An ideal solution because the foil tends to reflect infrared radiation toward the floor surface (working), thus it prevents excessive heating of the substrate.
Ideally, the mats can be used with clamps, which are special equipment for the floor heating.The benefits of these huge: ease of installation and a significant reduction in work time.However, there have mats and disadvantage - the high price.
Important: these plates are made from a very dense polystyrene having a high mechanical strength.So, mats for a long time retain their shape, size.
Insulation mats are laminated in the film coating, that is not laminated.
How to make a concrete radiant floor ↑
This option is the most common, but before a radiant floor heating, it is necessary to draw attention to an important point: room to accommodate all the layers of the "pie" has to have a supply adjustment.
Important: if you do not take into account Finish flooring, the reserve should be 85 mm.
Creating a warm water floor with their hands quite a difficult task, but still doable.To do this you must first create a project and calculate the water floor heating (where required value floor space, its size).
should also mention that the floor laying water more rational in private homes rather than in flats.The fact is, the connection to the central heating pipe smoking.
first stage - collector group ↑
Maybe it sounds a bit strange, but the water floor heating installation starts from the walls.At this stage, you need to choose a location closer to the center of the room.It is a cupboard for collectors, it can be bought in the construction market.Set the cabinet often in close proximity to the floor surface.For this operation will need a hammer, a chisel and physical labor.
After installing the cabinet to start up the collector supply and return pipe.The first delivers the coolant it contains inside the hot water that comes from the boiler.The second performs the opposite function: collects water that has passed on the heating system and to give the screed of the energy.This water is sent back to the boiler, and there is heated again in the feed pipe.The circulation pump provides a continuous flow of water.
But still go back to the cabinet.On each tube to install shut-off valves.What are they for?Quite simply, if you suddenly will need to remove the room from the heating system (repair or savings), the rest of the house did not suffer, and will continue to function.Then you will only need to close these valves all.
Important: plastic pipe and a metal gate connected to a compression fitting.
then connected to the valve manifold.Because by and large it is a piece of pipe with several branches, the logical question arises: what is connected to the output?In the first case, you can use the plug and the best place splitter, on the one hand - the drain valve on the other - air vent.When the cabinet is complete, you can switch on the heated floor.
second stage - surface preparation ↑
Paul cleared of debris and estimated horizontal surface.Certainly a perfect evenness of speech does not go, but drop a few centimeters would have to align.
Important: ignoring this advice, you can end up with a non-uniform heating of the floor.
on a level floor waterproofing film unfolds.This is done in order to prevent absorption of moisture.
Next on the perimeter of the room on the walls of the so-called damper glued tape.By design, it resembles an adhesive tape, so no problems with the bonding will not occur.Typically, the height of the tape is 10-15 cm layer of overlapping ties and insulation.After the end of the tape cut off the excess.
Laying insulation - the next step.Since the heat loss through the floor can be 20%, it is advisable not to save on heat insulator, it will pay for itself in the near future.As a heater can be used extruded polystyrene, mineral wool, technical cork or specially made mats (of them mentioned above).
third stage - laying pipes ↑
Fasteners pipe can be accomplished in several ways.For example, an insulating layer can be overlaid reinforcing mesh and attach using wire tube.Also on sale are all sorts of devices, clips and straps that facilitate this process.
Important: If the method of mounting the wire, it is necessary to have a small gap.If the pipe to pull tight, then after a while it can succumb to the strain.
recommended lengths stacked circuit - 50-60 m. If at this distance it is impossible to invest, you need to create a new contour.
Important: in this situation need to buy double-header.
to compensate for heat loss, there are different ways of laying pipes.
This pipe laying in the form of a snake.The highest temperature is at the beginning of the pipe, for such a reason it is best to start the laying side walls and windows facing outside the house.This method is suitable for areas with medium and small area.
Its essence is as follows: supply and return pipes are arranged in parallel, cooling pipes compensated heating adjacent.This styling is often used in places with high heat consumption and in areas with a large area.
Important: you need to buy only high-quality pipe, because the floor is installed for many years.
If in the future there are thoughts on the use of non-freezing liquids, it is best to install plastic pipes, they are more resistant to aggressive environments.
fourth stage - screed ↑
After installation you must carry out the test operation, if all is well, then you can safely fill a floor (minimum height of 3 cm,maximum - 7 cm).
As for the sand-cement screed, you can buy a special mixture for underfloor heating, there is a choice, it would be money.
fifth stage - topcoat ↑
At this point, the best option - laying ceramic tile, because it has a large thermal conductivity.If the use of the laminate, then only those models that are combined with under-floor heating.If
be used natural materials such as parquet flooring, it is best to seek professional help, there are important pokolku accurate calculations.