Today the situation when the apartment in a new building meets the bare walls without any finishing and plaster, is the norm.Faced with this, the owners of deploying large-scale renovation of the whole apartment.And one of the priority cases is the plaster walls.To perform this type of work you need to know how to plaster walls, and be able to use the tool.
First you need to stock up the required tools.
- steel brush come in handy for cleaning the surface.The brushes may be different in size and hardness.
- Bouchard, Trojan Women, zubchatki will be used for applying notches.Bouchard - a heavy hammer on the ends with teeth.
- scraper plastering.
- Falcon used for convenience, it imposes a single batch of plaster, which would then be imposed on the wall.
- plastering spatula mixed solution is
- poluterkom convenient solution to level the surface.
- grater need for grouting plaster.
- Rule - to control the evenness of the surface.
- level or plumb line required for the control in the horizontal direction.
- plaster mixture.About what is best to plaster the walls tell later.
Terms plastering ↑
Training: provide adhesion ↑
1. surface is cleaned of dust, dirt, sagging.
2. wet the surface with water.It is very convenient to do it from a garden sprayer, but if this is not possible, you can use a broom.
3. If the wall is brick, the joints between the bricks are deepening about 1 cm. This is necessary for better coupling with the surface of the solution.
4. If the concrete wall and a smooth surface, making notches on it with a hammer, and a rack-wheel 15 mm long, 3 mm deep.Each m2 should account for about 250 notches.Then clear the wall brush and moistened with water.
5. If the wall is made of wood, nadkalyvaem boards and shingles on top of stuffing.It is possible to use plywood Cutting width 15 mm and thickness of 4 mm and a fill diagonally.As a result, you should get a diagonal sheathing on the wall.
Important!Instead of shingles you can use a grid - netting.It is necessary to fill in the plywood slats and not directly on the wall, the gap between the wall and the stack should be about 3 mm.
application technique solution ↑
1. Recruit portion of the plaster in the Falcon.
2. Plastering shovel pick up the solution from the falcon and pounces on the wall.The preferred solution is to take the angle of the blade, moving away from you to the middle of the falcon.Spreads a movement is carried out only with the hand, not the whole hand.Wag do not too much, otherwise the solution can be sprayed.
Important!There is another way of drawing - smearing.Puts a falcon on the wall, pick up a shovel and a portion of the solution spread on the wall.But remember, the solution provides better throwing by coupling to the surface!
obryzg - the first layer of plaster consistency of liquid sour cream.It is necessary for the wooden walls and 10 mm.For concrete and brick walls, this layer is not necessary.
Ground - a second layer of dough-like consistency - smoothes irregularities.The thickness of 20 mm or more, even if the layer is applied in several stages, the maximum limit.
nakryvki - again the third layer of the creamy consistency of the solution.Only this time his preparation must be approached carefully.The thickness of 2-5 mm.Nakryvki smoothes "the finishing" any remaining flaws soil.
Important!For concrete and brick walls enough plaster thickness of 5 mm, for wooden layer must be 25 mm or more to completely gloss over the shingles or grid.
3. screed plaster spreader.We drive it both in the horizontal and in the vertical direction.This should be done with each layer separately.The better the leveled ground, the easier and correctly inflict nakryvku.Obryzg flatten only when him hanging drops of solution.
Important!Do not forget the rule to control the evenness of the surface.After leveling the finish coat wait until the solution dries.
4. overwrites the surface float.
to start doing the grout round.Grater tightly pressed against the wall and make a circular motion counterclockwise.All irregularities will cut off fins float.
then perform grouting vrazgon.It is necessary to remove the circular marks left after the grout round.Grater cleaned from the remnants of the solution, pressed to the surface and make sudden movements, flapping, erasing traces.
As plaster beacons ↑
If the walls have a substantial irregularities, projections or other defects, then it is necessary to carry out the plaster beacons, of course, if you want to get a perfectly smooth horizontal and vertical surfaces.
If the walls are made of wood, brick or other material, which is easy to include nails, then as a beacon, you can use strips of wood or metal beacons: aluminum or steel.
If the wall of a stronger material, then as Beacons use plaster or gypsum.
1. At a distance of about 15-20 cm from the corner of the room or the wall start doing plummet.At the top of the wall trying to drive a nail on it hang a plumb line on the rope.
2. Prepare mortar or plaster, and strictly according to the plumb line wall pounce on small piles solution.It is to them we will strengthen beacons.The vertical position of piles only three pieces.
3. Take a lighthouse, for example, aluminum.Applying it to the solution and gently piles dent so that the outer edge of the wall acted beacon 15-20 mm.Be sure to check the level of evenness location beacon.
4. Install the second lighthouse at the other end of the wall.And another midway between them.The technology is the same, but now you need to check the level of their relative position, so that it was the same.To this end, in addition to the vertical plumb line, you can pull the string horizontally.
Important!If the wall is very long, beacons should be more.Approximately 1 m distance from each other.Check the level of the lighthouses.
5. Finally, anchoring beacons on the wall, obscuring the edges of the concrete mixture.Wait until the solution has hardened, and lighthouses will be firmly "sitting" on the ground.
6. Apply the plaster in the same manner as already described above.Fill all cracks and potholes.
Important!A layer of plaster should extend 2-3 mm beyond the edge of the Beacons.
7. screed plaster rule.Applying it to the beacon, and press down, moving from the bottom up beacons, remove the extra layer of plaster.
8. If the mixture is not enough, throw as far as filling the voids.We continue to flatten and throw as far as until the wall will not be smooth.Then, wait until the solution has dried.It will take 10-12 days.
demonstrates how to plaster walls lurid detail video technology installation lighthouses and beacons plaster.
Then you can conduct a "Finish" plastering walls or putty immediately.
As plaster soffits ↑
most difficult stage in the plastering - a soffits, window frames and angles.
husk - internal angle formed by the union of two of the walls and ceiling or wall.
Usenok - external angle formed by two walls.
good help for plastering slopes are beacons.At the junction of the walls with the ceiling set rule and the space underneath throws solution.
clobbered by a trowel.We correct all defects and check the evenness of the layer rule.
husk for plastering the vertical to the lighthouse puts right down near the floor, and the empty space is filled with a solution.Through time we remove a rule it should get a perfectly flat strip solution.Wait until it dries.The same band make up the wall.These bands will serve us beacons horizontal.Then apply the plaster on the empty space and leveling about our beacons from a solution.All the little flaws and irregularities overwritten.
In the case of Usenko convenient nail on the next plastered walls perfectly flat piece of wood and fasten it around the edges so that it was convenient for her to level solution.Apply the mortar on a slope.Screed solution rule, if the wall is smooth.If we plaster slope of the window opening, then use the corner for leveling tool to keep the right corner near the window frame.
After drying the solution overwrites it float.Check the level of evenness of the plaster.Then, remove the support strap.
As plaster slopes: Video ↑
better plaster walls ↑
for plastering the internal surfaces is better to choose such mix: lime mortar, lime, clay, lime-clay-plaster solution, lime, plaster or cement-limesolution.If the walls of wood, it is possible to use a solution with the addition of gypsum.The main thing is to remember that the plaster dries quickly.
for plastering the outer walls using mortar, cement-lime and cement-clay mortar.
to repair old plaster and finish bumps used mortars.
mortar is made from 1 part of lime paste and 1-5 parts of sand.Sand is added gradually until the solution becomes homogeneous.The solution is to stick to the trowel slightly and resemble dough.
Lime-clay solution is a mixture of 1 part liquid clay dough, 1/3 part lime paste and 3-6 parts of sand.Clay and lime putty mix, then gradually start adding sand, continuing to stir.
cement-mortar knead of 1 part cement, 1-3 parts of lime paste and 6-8 parts of sand.In the dry cement mix and add the sand, add the milk of lime and mix.If the dough is too thick, add a little water and stir.
Lime-plaster solution prepared from 1 part of plaster and 3-4 parts of lime.Take container, pour the water, pour a thin layer of plaster and quickly knead.I should get a not very dense homogeneous mass.The mortar was added thereto and stirred.
Grout most often used for thick layers of plaster or external walls.1 part of cement and 2-5 parts of sand mix and adding water, kneaded the dough.
If you choose the right solution for plaster walls, implement all the recommendations for application technology, it will greatly facilitate further work on finishing.
Video: plaster of foam ↑
facade, insulated foam can not sheathe clapboard or siding, plaster and trite.How to do it, tell video material: