Getting overhaul of premises, it is impossible to bypass their attention ceiling finishing, preceded by a series of preparatory work, in particular, the alignment of the surface.Wondering about how to align the ceiling, you need to know that there are several ways of leveling: using plasterboard - "dry" method and using plaster - "wet" method.
is worth noting that the most widespread technology leveling the surface of the ceiling with plaster.Gypsum boards are usually used in those case
Another nuance that is worth paying attention to is the ceiling height.If it is not large enough, it is necessary to take into account that the plaster leveling design "steal" a few precious centimeters.Putty will save those centimeters.
Preparing the ceiling to equalize ↑
should be noted that the ceiling filler delivers a lot less hassle in new buildings, where there is only the surface of the plates.However, houses and apartments, in which the surface of the ceiling has repeatedly been putty, painting and pasting, much more.In this case, undertaking repairs have to worry about bringing the ceiling in the original form, ie, wash away all the layers of material deposited previously.
Remove old material ↑
process of removing existing layers of plaster can be somewhat alleviated by following a series of recommendations.First, to remove the layer of previously applied plaster should be used rather sharp spatula in the process should be periodically sharpened.For those who like to work with both hands holding a spatula, you must choose a product with a long handle.This creates a certain comfort.
Second, to facilitate removal of the plaster from the ceiling, enough to soak it with plain water.This is done using a sponge dampened in water or spray.If the ceiling is covered with latex paint, to delete, you can use a solution of iodine.Thus, in 8 liters of water is sufficient for one small bubble iodine.To eliminate the water-dispersion paints need special washes and otherwise - patience and a good spatula.If you use a special composition, which is applied with a roller and left for about 30 minutes, the old paint can easily be removed with a spatula.
After cleaning the surface of the old plaster ceiling can begin to remove it in the joints of plates.To do this, the most commonly used pick, a hammer and a sharp spatula.It is noteworthy that emboss the entire seam there is no need, just enough to remove the plaster, which is susceptible to chipping easily.
Removing mold and mildew ↑
Among the preparatory work concerns the deliverance of the ceiling mold or other fungi.Most often they arise in those areas where there is increased level of humidity.If you ignore an existing mold, it must appear on the cover of the new ceiling that will ruin not only his appearance, but the mood at the sight of dark spots.Removing the fungus certainly also due to the fact that it has a negative impact on human health.
Once finished cleaning joints and cracks, the ceiling is completely processed primer, which is designed to improve the adhesion (bonding force) concrete ceiling tiles and flooring.For priming flat surfaces are generally used roller, and for tight spaces - the brush size required.
technology leveling the ceiling ↑
At the end of the preparatory work can begin to sealing of the largest gaps.For these purposes use filler designed specifically for rough work, and hemp.A feature of fillings for roughing work is its high density and granularity compared to the same material for the finishing work.
Eliminating gaps and cracks ↑
Tow thoroughly impregnated with a solution of putty, then it zakonopachivayut cracks and crevices.To prevent the formation of new cracks and increasing the size of existing joints should be made reinforcement mesh plates.On the edge of the filler plates must be applied, which will be pushed net.Experts recommend dent keeper in solution as long as it is approximately at the center of solidifying the mixture.
first coat putty ↑
In implementing a continuous flat surface shpatlevanija ceiling tiles first layer solution is normally applied using a wide spatula.Plastering done "over", and the thickness of the applied layer should not exceed 2 cm. Then, using the rule - special construction tools - the surface layer is leveled zigzag movements.
if necessary to obtain a sufficiently thick layer of plaster is recommended to "comb" the first deposited layer, while it is still soft."Tease" the plaster with a special plaster ridge.After complete hardening of the first layer, which requires 2-3 days, the next layer is applied to the solution.
It should be noted that the time required for drying the applied solution varies depending on the degree of humidity in the room.Obviously, in a rather warm and dry indoors plaster hardens faster than in the room with high humidity.Carrying out repair work often helps to increase the humidity, so to dry the plaster is better to give time to spare.It is not recommended to artificially reduce the humidity, for example, to open windows and ventilate the room.
recoating solution ↑
After subsequent layers trowel mortars generally recommended to turn and set straight edge "to itself."In this its location provides a better alignment of the ceiling surface.As a result, the first layer of plaster is the thickest layer.He clung tightly enough to the ceiling and "tease".Subsequent layers are thinner.Thus, this step can be called a coarse alignment of the ceiling.
In the case where the surface of the ceiling being prepared for painting or papering follow it after applying a layer of plaster on the concrete slab must be after 10 minutes, moisten with water and wipe felt float.This measure will align the tracks and depressions left after work with a spatula.Then you should wait for the moment when the surface of the applied layer of plaster is dry, and then further to make amends for its metal float.Only then can you begin to label wallpaper or painting.In addition, to align the ceiling surface at this stage can be used and a special leveling plasters.
laying reinforcing glass fiber ↑
If you have a fairly problematic ceilings, "decorated" the cracks, used fiberglass.With the help of reinforcement it is carried out as the whole area of the ceiling, as well as its individual parts.
Experts note that the reinforcement of the ceiling with glass does not hurt and if it is flat and has no chips or cracks.For reinforcement of glass fiber fabric is cut into ribbons, and reinforce that last layer of leveling plaster or putty.
final stage - finishing putty ↑
After work on sizing the ceiling with glass or applying a layer of plaster is necessary to give the ceiling to dry.Then, using a spatula carefully are removed from the surface traces of the rule, after which you can proceed to the ceiling sanding with sandpaper or a special float with sand mesh.
Just before the finish coats fillings should be thoroughly cleaned of the dust from the ceiling, which was formed after the grinding.As a rule, it uses a vacuum cleaner with a soft brush, dry or wet brush.However, it is worth considering that after using a wet brush is necessary to give the ceiling to dry.
Then, using a long spatula, you can proceed to the application of several layers of finishing putty.Each previous layer must also be completely dry.
Align ceiling plasterboard ↑
When deciding on how to align the ceiling with your hands, you can opt for the "dry" method, which assumes construction of plasterboard, hiding the surface defects ceiling.
This type of work is performed at a sufficiently great elevation changes on the ceiling.Moreover, the plasterboard ceiling device can significantly reduce the cost and time cost for leveling its surface.After installation, the entire structure can immediately obtain a flat surface, which has no defects and ready for wallpapering.
So, the ceiling made of plasterboard panels, is a structure of metal profiles and drywall.From metal profiles going to frame the desired size, to which will be attached sheets of drywall.
In general, the installation of such a structure is a consistent implementation of the following operations:
- marking the future position of plasterboard ceiling.
- marking points at which fixation is carried hangers holding the entire structure.
- mounted frame of metal profiles.
- The design of the finished frame assembled all the necessary communications, in particular wiring.
- drywall sheets prepared in the process of installation.So, they are given the necessary forms and determine the required size.Excess trimmed.
- to mount the drywall mounted to the frame.
worth noting that the plasterboard ceiling can be installed in any room.Currently, the market of building and finishing materials can be found sheets of drywall, distinguished by good water resistance and resistance to many external influences.
Other methods of alignment of ceilings ↑
Get attractive and smooth surface of the ceiling, you can use mounted and suspended ceilings.
Suspended ceilings - clean, fast, and fun ↑
This type of ceiling mounting in a manner very reminiscent of plasterboard ceilings.There is also a concrete slab ceiling mounted hangers designed to secure the frame of metal profiles.Then it carried out the installation of decorative panels, which can be made of various materials: metal, mineral fiber, chipboard.
Typically, the selection panels of a material depends on a number of criteria:
- Acoustic quality material.
- ability to pass air.
- degree of water resistance.
When selecting ceilings should take into account the fact that they "steal" up to 20 cm height of the ceiling.
Ceilings - suspended competitor ↑
good, but expensive opportunity to get a flat ceiling in the living room is the installation of suspended ceilings.This is a modern solution for installation that requires the intervention of specialists.
fact that the perimeter of the ceiling mounted special frame-baguette, which reduce a sheet of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) - a pre-heated using a heat gun.Subsequently, the web is cooled and stretched, becoming firm and elastic.It is worth noting that today there is a possibility to order the suspended ceiling of any desired color.
Thus, there are several ways of leveling the surface of the ceiling in the living room.The choice of method depends on personal preference, availability of funds, the size of premises and a number of other factors.No matter what the alignment is chosen, the main thing - to approach the repair work carefully and with due care.It is in this case the result will be qualitatively and practical, and the ceiling will last for a long period of time.