light from the fire, the flames, the heat coming from the fireplace, always attracted and fascinated people.The modern way of life in the city can not provide this.Therefore, anyone who has a private country house or cottage, it seeks to equip the stove or fireplace.His own center gives a feeling of warmth and comfort in the house.In addition to the aesthetic component of stoves and fireplaces to give play a practical role.With their help heat the house, which allows him to live in all year round.
Despite the development of technologies in the field of heating and the presence on the market for functional and practical modern boilers and convector heaters, stoves and fireplaces are still popular.Plan a pl
three structural varieties ↑
There are three basic types of structures: the furnace, fireplace, and a combined type - stove.
furnace - the glory of Russian traditions ↑
This type of home the most massive.To install it requires a strong foundation reinforced.Microwave heating may serve home and cooking.Under its installation should be planned quite a lot of space.For the heating furnace is used only solid fuel: wood, coal, peat.Masonry stoves - is an art, so it should be given to the master-oven-builder.If you want to make your hand to the future of the furnace, then again, this should be done under the supervision of the master.
Important!If the furnace is installed in a fully built house, and it is not planned to place under it, you have to disassemble the floor decks.And it is very troublesome and expensive task.
Fireplace: practicality and aesthetics ↑
fireplace installation is much easier than installing furnaces.Fireplaces easier, but for them also needs to be done to strengthen the foundations.The design of the furnace and the chimney of the fireplace is quite simple, requires less space.Fireplace has a minimal functionality.
You can use it only as a source of heat and aesthetic elements of interior.Fireplaces can be drown as a solid fuel and gas.
Important!Today the popularity of fabricated metal fireplaces with chimneys and furnaces.These fireplaces are easy to install, have a low birth weight and the development of technologies in the heating will achieve efficiencies of 85%.
Gas fireplaces to give almost identical in appearance to conventional fireplaces on solid fuel.Decorative elements of the gas fireplace can simulate burning firewood, charcoal or any other type of fire.Gas fireplaces are made of refractory glass and ceramics.By type of construction they resemble the traditional difference is the fuel supply.The gas fireplace is equipped with gas burners, fuel supply and the level of the flame can be controlled by means of special sensors.The advantages of the gas fireplace is its capacity to 4 - 10 kW high efficiency for heating, the lack of combustion products (soot and ash), ease of installation.
sometimes in homes is already a traditional fireplace, and the owners have a desire to convert it for the gas.This upgrade is possible.The main thing is to contact the experts have failed to home and gas permit.
Important!By purchasing a gas fireplace to give, you need to pay attention to the markings.If the fireplace is marked with P, which means that it runs on LPG.If there is a marking N - this fireplace will only work on natural gas.
Fireplaces: symbiosis benefits ↑
should highlight this type of hearth.It combines all the advantages of stoves and fireplaces.From fireplaces it got light weight, compactness, ease of installation.Stoves also have the ability to quickly heat the room by the rays of energy from the flame.This capability is achieved thanks to the glass door and two furnaces.Design features of the oven allow to cook for a long time and keep warm.Stove to give perfectly complements the basic heating system, fulfilling the function of insurance to options in the event of failure of the boiler or heat.There are two subclasses of fireplace stoves.The first - made of bricks.The second is made of cast iron or steel, lined with ceramic tiles.At its core, it is almost self-contained system that can be installed in any home.
Important!Stoves for giving the most in demand, where the owners are on short visits.
requirements for furnaces and fireplaces ↑
choosing one or another type of home, should be guided by the following characteristics:
- perfect warming throughout the furnace or fireplace.
- long heat retention.
- Easy to operate and maintain.
- high standards of fire safety.
- safety of unburned gases and a good hood.
- durability.Lifetime must be at least 20 years.
Choosing a place for the stove or fireplace must be based on their intended use.Proper location can help extend the life and ensure quality space heating.
furnace for heating is located in the middle of the house.This is done for two reasons.Firstly, oven, placed so as to be uniformly heat the entire house.Secondly, none of the sides of the oven will not contact with the outer wall, so that there is not a large difference in temperature and the oven will last longer.
stoves for heating and cooking are also set in the middle of the house.It is important that the furnace and the furnace, which is designed for cooking, came out to the kitchen.
Fitting the fireplace should be selected as the middle of the house.The principle of choice of the place is the same - maximum heat dissipation.It is important that fireplaces are located away from the door and window openings.Located in front of their fireplace will create an enhanced air circulation, in other words, a draft.To avoid this phenomenon, in the fireplace can be fitted with pull out from under the floor.
Stoves for the cottages, made of brick, it features a fireplace in the living room or recreation room, and a part designed for heating and cooking must gokitchen.Location metal fireplace stoves depends directly on their destination.When cooking, it is - in the kitchen, and if for heating, then - in a residential area.
Important!When planning to use the fireplace and metal fireplace stoves with the aim of quality home heating, you should immediately provide the ability to connect to a shared heating system.To do this, you can buy a ready-made hood with built-in coil or metal fireplace inserts with a water jacket.For furnaces still in the establishment phase of the project should be possible to heat the water for the heating system.It's typical for furnaces, fireplaces made of brick.
Installation of furnaces, fireplaces and stoves, fireplaces ↑
to have fabricated metal fireplaces, furnaces and stoves, fireplaces installation process is simplified.All major works are reduced to prepare the site.It is important to ensure fire safety.To do this, place the installation of metal stoves laid a layer of refractory material, put it on top of the metal sheet.Near the installation in a wall or ceiling to punch holes for the chimney.In places of its contact with the wall, ceiling and roof obkladyvayut refractory material.Now we have put in place very center and connect it to the chimney.If you have the desire and opportunity, the metal center can impose a brick oven or a heat-resistant ceramics.The result is an aesthetically attractive center.
Works on masonry fireplaces, stoves and fireplace stoves are among the most labor-intensive, requiring attention and precision.To carry out this kind of work alone is not recommended, but if you want, it is better to do it under the guidance of a master stove-fitter.For the fireplace or stove of brick clay solution should be used or a special furnace refractory mixture.In the process of laying a brick kiln will be used, and refractory bricks.Number of bricks and volume of the solution is calculated during the creation of project documentation.The works themselves begin to prepare a reliable foundation for the stove or fireplace depth of at least 0.5 - 0.7 m. The harder it will be a fireplace or stove, the stronger must be the foundation.Just need to seal the foundation.
Important!Begin laying is possible only after complete solidification of the foundation.Foundation for the furnace to be detached from the foundation of the house.
for masonry and plaster used clay solution.In order to stove or fireplace long and reliable service, you need to properly prepare the binder solution.The quality of the solution depends on the "fat" clay.This parameter can be determined by the amount of sand."Fatness" of the solution can be determined by lowering and removing the wooden rail in the solution.If a rail solution hung a lump, it is too bold if slipped and almost nothing left, it means, too much sand.It is necessary to remain part of the solution to the rail, as part of the sliding.Its consistency should be like sour cream.
Important!If necessary, the solution can be prepared from raw bricks.Such defective bricks can be bought at a brick factory.The composition of the bricks will meet the requirements for a solution.
Now you can start laying the brick itself.It is not much different from the usual.The main thing is to monitor the thickness of the seams, it should not exceed 3 mm, and strictly follow the project documentation.Brick before laying should be soaked for a few minutes in the water.This will ensure the best coupling with a solution.During the laying of the inner sides of the stove or fireplace redress, removing excess solution, it is called shvabrovka.This is done in order to not settle on the walls of the combustion products - the soot and ashes.Once the center will be built, you can start the construction of the chimney.
Important!In the process of laying need to constantly monitor the horizon and vertical, using a builder's level and plumb.
Fully completing the masonry, you can start drying fireplace or stove.It is important to do everything correctly and without hurry, otherwise you'll have to redo all over again.Drying takes place in a natural way from 7 to 21 days, depending on the level of humidity in the room.After graduating from natural drying can proceed to active.To do this, heat their stove or fireplace on the first day for 30 minutes.Further time can be increased to 1 hour.Doing this is during the week.The signs will be completely dried oven - a uniform shade of joints or plaster, on the door or other metal parts should not be collected condensate.
This video gives an idea about the process of how to make a fire in the country.
properly set up and ready for use stoves or fireplaces are pleasing warmth of the owners.Their installation is important to the professionalism and patience.Masters of their craft creating stoves and fireplaces that stand for many decades without being destroyed.The aesthetic beauty and functionality of stoves and fireplaces attracts and attracts even with more technologically advanced heating elements.