To ensure high quality and long-term storage of products without compromising their taste, is to build a cellar.Depending on the level of ground water and freezing erecting ground, buried and poluzaglublenny cellar with their hands.This building is a mandatory attribute of a country house or cottage land.Many owners of garages cellars combined with observation wells, achieving a small square acceptable results.Often a wine cellar erected to collect its own set of these noble drinks.
Cellar: variety and appointment ↑
The cellar can store virtually all products.The main advantage of thi
There are several types of cellars.The simplest design of the structure is an earth cellar.On his site, you can also build a cellar in the garage with his hands, pogrebitsey cellar, ground cellar, a stone vault, vegetable storage shed, a structure with boning, storage under the summer kitchen, poluzaglublenny block, blocked cellar, recessed camera on a slope, trim the sample.
The list goes on - shoulder, "hut", Finnish Glacier, an underground cellar.To see what it looks like, each of these cellars, type in a search engine query "cellar with his hands photo" and check out the options available.
Selecting a location for the cellar ↑
cellar Construction should begin with the choice of place.The best option is a dry area, which is located on a hill.This place will be pre-protected from moisture, so do not need waterproofing.
defrost and rain water will not accumulate near the walls of the storage, and will flow down the slope, leaving the cellar and the contents are dry.The depth of the construction can vary depending on the wishes of the owner.The standard is the same rate of 2.5 - 3 meters.
However, it is necessary to decide which plan to build the cellar: a cellar under the house or garage, or a separate structure.The construction of the cellar under any construction of a lot better than the construction of separate facilities because such facilities will not take up too much territory.The cellar under the house has a convenient entrance, which is especially important in the winter.
how to choose material ↑
deciding how to make the cellar with their hands, should think about the materials.To choose the right material, it is worth considering several aspects: soil type, which is determined on the eyes, and the groundwater level, which can be consulted in the garden association.
walls can be made of different materials - red brick, rubble, wood, concrete, asbestos-cement sheets.The thickness of the vertical walls made of concrete, is close to 15 centimeters, and brick - depending on the technology of masonry 12 or 25 centimeters.The thickness of the wall of rubble reaches an average of 25 centimeters.
If the material for the construction of the cellar was chosen land, the structure recommended in the pre-sheathe tree.It is not desirable to build a cellar of metal because a problem can arise with maintaining the desired temperature.
cellar with their hands?Easy ↑
Surely, after reading the article and examining video materials, making use of the cellar facilities, you illuminate an idea and implement it.Proceed.
Roy pit by the rules ↑
Cellar is recommended to build in the summer, because the ground water at this time of year are at their lowest level.Select is the most favorable period without rain, as the pit should not add water.Dig have much: a cellar hole should be deep enough that the store did not walk hunched over.Make a pit should be oblong: whatever the form of the cellar was not designed, need a place for flat stages.
pit digging cellars for more than half a meter size of the structure.This is convenient for the work.Pit digging yourself better not to damage the natural base coat.On top of the pit should be dug to lay the overlap.
With these objectives can be used planks, beams, slabs.If you decide to do the boards or beams, is to cover them with putty of chopped straw and clay.Overlapping after drying putty is necessary to fill a layer of earth, after making a hole in it and inserting a pipe for ventilation.
Specificity arrangement of walls ↑
So now construct the cellar with their hands!If you want to make your own inexpensive cellar, you should think about a cheap paneling of the walls.The easiest option considered adobe walls.It takes just clay, water and chopped straw.Knead the solution recommended in such a way that it is malleable and ductile.Apply the solution is 3-4 layers, each time waiting for the complete drying.Walls can be on top of clay wash-board sheathing croaker.There are other, more fundamental options: walls can impose old brick or make the formwork and pour concrete wall.
Convenient floor and stage ↑
How to build a cellar with their hands to the atmosphere in the store was appropriate for the content of vegetables?It is best to contribute to the earthen floor.At the base of the pit should be emptied gravel layer which is necessary to qualitatively ram, pour hot bitumen and allow to cool.Top should arrange adobe floor.A good option is considered to be cemented.The decoration of the floor is often practiced with cement - the process when on top of concrete strewn dry cement and redress it.
cellar was convenient to have to spend time creating steps.First you need to dig a "ladder" and then standing on the steps of compacted earth.After that, the formwork must be made of plywood or old boards.Formwork made only prostupenkov - side surfaces of the steps above the horizontal plane so that the pour plate steps.To this end, a solution was prepared with cement, sand and gravel in a ratio of 1: 3: 3.Prostupenki can be lined with brick, and put on the tread plates made of artificial stone or concrete.
to construct the roof and door ↑
Construction cellar with their hands means to perform protect the top.Above the structure can be built pitched roof of boards, which should be more than the cellar, pit overlap on each side by 40-50 centimeters - this will protect the building from flowing into the water during rain.Cellar door is mandatory to insulate, for example, several layers of foam, after which it is to upholster with leatherette or oilcloth.
wiring in the cellar ↑
The cellar decided to make the outer insulated wiring.Use cable with double insulation and copper conductors.It is better to turn to consultants to find out which wire is suitable for use in the cellar.
Bulbs advised to cover protective caps.It is necessary to place the lamps in a dry place and use only water resistant material.It is best to attach a light bulb in the vestibule, because this is considered the safest option.Switches should be placed at a height of 1.5 meters at the entrance.But the outlet Do not install in the cellar.
Features waterproofing cellars ↑
important issue in the construction of the cellar is considered to waterproofing.Waterproofing materials are divided into two types: non-pressure and protivonapornye.Protivonapornye materials should be used, if the water level reaches the level of the floor in the cellar by the water pressure.Gravity materials are used, if the ground water does not reach the floor.
floor and walls must be watertight and strong, not to the structure collapsed due to groundwater.If the building was chosen red brick, it must be sure to handle the cement mortar to improve the strength of the material.As a further strengthening of roofing material can be used.
To protect the structure from the harmful effects of water, you need to put around the drainage layer, which is designed to release water.Drainage made to connect with a special well dug near the cellar.Drainage can be purchased at any hardware store, but you can also take the remains of brick chips and stones.
Drainage alternating layers with dredged material, it must necessarily compacted.A more reliable option is to perform filling with clay, so will be more durable waterproofing.To reduce the pressure of the ground water, it is necessary to build a blind area - a kind of container with a slope for water drainage, whose dimensions are close to 0.5 - 2 meters wide.
If building is protected from the pressure of groundwater, it is possible to perform the heated bitumen waterproofing to be applied to the surface of the walls to create a protective film.Before applying the bitumen need to treat the wall with cement mortar.Implement bitumen insulation is recommended in two layers.Walls should sprinkle sand during the dry bitumen.
methods of organization ventilation ↑
If you plan to build a cellar with his hands videos and photo selection will help to fulfill all the work!Hood is considered the key to successful storage "reserves for the winter."Dampness and superfluous smells in this case will not stay in the room, there will always be fresh air.The stretching in the cellar can usually arrange two ways.Natural ventilation is organized with the help of two pipes - the exhaust and supply air.Hood is based on the temperature difference between the inside and the street, and therefore constitutes a permanent air circulation.
chimney installed near the ceiling, its end is above the level of the roof of the cellar on two feet.The heated air by the chimney goes out.Ventilation tube is mounted at the bottom of the cellar (5 - 10 cm above the floor).From pests and insects protect its metal mesh and the ends covered with mini-roofs.Inside equip flaps to adjust the level of air circulation.
Forced ventilation cellar created artificially - by special fans.The device remains the same.Also, the air exchange can be done via a two-step tube.It is inserted into the cavity, and an electric fan, air vortex.Kicked out of the room air is provided by the inflow of fresh air.Forced ventilation cellars needed in the summer when air circulation is not due to the high outdoor temperatures.It therefore decided to combine the above methods.
Operation finished constructions ↑
Like any other premises for food, wine cellar should be kept clean.In the summer is a mandatory procedure for ventilation and drying.The structure can not store flammable materials such as gasoline, kerosene and others.And not only in the rules of fire safety, but also that the pungent smell of gasoline or kerosene is well absorbed foods that are in the cellar, leading products in disrepair.
Many gardeners begin in the middle of summer ready for harvest tab, which aerate and dry cellars and other storage.For good drying is not always enough to open the ventilation pipe and the hatch to the cellar, because the construction of the air heavy and cold, and because of this natural draft is not created.Normally dry adopted install small stoves and produce warming of the walls.Create necessary to dry traction can be a simpler way - using the usual candles.
Video: How to build a basement ↑
good host one that is able not only to harvest, but also to organize its storage.That is why today is so popular repository of our ancestors: Labasa cellar, glaciers, piles and excavation pits.