entering into any room, the first thing that somehow gets into the field of view, this ceiling.From its design and appearance depends on the overall perception of the interior, and the impression it produces.For this reason, the designers are trying to pay special attention to the ceiling.With the development of technology in the construction and the appearance of drywall constructions, creating unique opportunities for suspended ceilings become virtually unlimited.Today, the abundance and availability of building materials to create a false ceiling with your hands without any problems, the main thing - to be able to use the tool and know how to make a false ceiling.Despite the simplicity of the installation carried out alone make it impossible, therefore, to invite a couple of assistants.
suspended ceiling ↑
hung ceiling is a single-level or multi-level metal frameattached to the floors and walls of the room, which is lined with sheets of plasterboard with embedded light fixtures.
To create a frame used galvanized metal profiles PP 60/27 and 28/27 PPN (import analogue CD & UD), parts of which are connected together by metal screws and special single-level (crabs) or duplex connectors.To fix the frame to overlap the direct use or spring hangers fixed to the overlap anchors or dowels.
for covering a metal frame is used gypsum board (GCR) thickness 9.5 mm, width 600 or 1200 mm, length 1500 - 2500 mm.Fixing to the metal frame of the FCL made screws for plasterboard.Recommendations on the choice of parameters of the GCR is due to the optimum combination of strength and weight of the suspended ceiling.With the technology of the total weight of 1 m2 of construction will be about 13 kg.
Preparatory work: Stages ↑
As with any other construction work before the how to make a false ceiling, will have to make some preparations.It will touch the old ceiling, creating a design project and circuit suspension, the calculation of the required materials.
prepare the surface overlap ↑
Although the ceiling and hide the overlapping area, to hold a series of preparatory work is necessary.This will facilitate the installation of the ceiling and ensure reliable fastening of the assembly.Start with removing the old finish, which is completely removed before the filler or plaster, and if there were none, then up to the ceiling.Then carefully check the surface for cracks, partially or completely peeled putty or plaster.
If everything is OK, then you can be primed and proshpatlevat surface, and then proceed to further work.Otherwise it is necessary to perform a more thorough repair, perhaps even re-plastered ceiling.Ideally, you should get a firm, level surface to which is attached a metal frame.
design project and the scheme ceiling ↑
Creating the ceiling starts with the study of its design project.Today, thanks to the various architectural programs creating such a project takes very little time.These programs allow you to review and select the most vending future ceiling in volume and color.
On what are ceilings our video - review:
On top of that computer programs will create and print the chart ceiling with all the necessary materials and amounts thereof.But those who are accustomed to do things the old fashioned way - on paper, will have to work a little more.Creating a scheme and calculation of the materials is carried out by hand as follows:
- first thing that is necessary for the calculation is to measure the room and calculate the perimeter.For example, we have a room the size of 3x5 m. P = (3 + 5) * 2 = 16 m. It is also the length of the guide profile PPN 28/27.The size of the room transfer to the scale on the paper;
Important!The measurements of the room, you may find that the opposite wall are of different lengths.In this case, to take the highest value calculations.
- next step is the calculation of the frame profile.Bearing frame will profile PP 60/27, which is attached to the overlap of 600 mm.For easy installation, the length of a plank profile is equal to the width of the room.The number of strips is calculated as follows 3000/600 = 8.3 and rounded up.To evenly distribute strap, the first and last place at a distance of 100 mm from the wall, and all the other steps of 600 mm.This step is not chosen by chance.The fact that the FCL has a standard width of 600 mm and 1200 mm, and to secure the necessary that the edges lie on the profile.Placing slats profile note on the chart;
- now need to calculate the number of suspensions.All suspensions are attached to the overlap in steps of 600 mm.All straps of the frame profile is required (3000/600) * 8 = 40 hangers.The first and last suspension fastened at a distance from the wall at 300 mm, and all the remaining increments of 600 mm.In the scheme of fixing the place to note the crosses;
Important!Direct hangers can be used in two cases.The first - when the height of the ceiling does not exceed 120 mm, the second - when the surface is completely flat floors.Otherwise it is recommended to use a spring hangers and constantly monitor the level using the level.
- stiffening structure ceiling would require an additional set of jumper Profile PP 60/27.Sami jumper installed between the main bearing bars at 600 mm.For their fixation using a special connector - crab.Calculating the number of connectors is performed as follows ((3000/600) -1) * 8 = 32 pcs.Why 32 pcs., Rather than 40. The fact that the first line jumpers installed at a distance of 600 mm from the wall, the second 1200 mm, the third 1800, 2400. Fourth Fifth row - it is directly wall.Now note the diagram attaching crabs and connecting them by a solid line, to get a place the jumper settings.
Important!There are two types of connectors: one-level (Crab) and the two-tiered.The difference in the method of mounting and adjustment in the final construct.Thus, the crab can accommodate all of the profile strips on one level, and the total height of the profile with the FCL is 27 + 9.5 = 36.5 mm.Height and GCR with two-level connector will be 27 + 27 + 9.5 = 63.5 mm.Moreover, the flow profile in the second case will be greater.But which way to choose, it's already the master directly.
It remains to calculate the required number of sheets of drywall.It's all very simple, knowing the area of the room 5 * 3 = 15 m2, and the area of a single sheet, for example, 2.5 * 1.2 = 3 m2, get 15/3 = 5 sheets.
Now count the number of screws.This should be done based on the following data:
- for attachment to the ceiling and walls, use plugs and screws 6h60 step for attaching to the walls of 300 mm, 600 mm to the ceiling;
- for fixing profiles and hangers, profiles and crabs require self-tapping screws 9 LN, LN 11. To profile and suspension need 2 screws for crab and Profile 4 screws;
- GCR used for fixing screws MN 30. Step between screws 250 mm.
At the end of the scheme on the left to put the location of the lighting and calculate the necessary amount of wiring.
How to make a ceiling ↑
about how to install a suspended ceiling with a list of the different installation options, you can write a small research report.In this article we consider the simplest version of the installation, which can be done on their own, without possessing the professional skills of the builder.
work with a marker and tape ↑
Installation of suspended ceilings begins with the marking surface of the ceiling.If the surface is smooth floors, take a tape measure and a marker.Measure out the height of the ceiling of the future without a sheet of drywall.The entire length of the wall on each set 3 - 4 marks, then take the thread and connect masking labels in a single line.This line is a reference point for guiding profile PPN 28/27.
now be marked on the ceiling for the basic profile PP 60/27 and suspensions.Retreat from the walls of the required distance, put a few notches and fend line using masking thread.Repeat this procedure for all the carrier profile strips in increments of 600 mm.On the marked lines to outline the profile of the frame under the seat straight hangers, as shown on the diagram.
Mounting frame ceiling ↑
finished with a basic layout, proceed to the installation profiles.Start with the guide profile PPN 28/27 on the perimeter of the room.Take in the hands or hammer drill and previously deposited line zasverlivaem dowel holes 6h60.The same hole zasverlivaem and profile.For reliable fastening of the first and last holes zasverlivaem 100 mm from the wall, all the subsequent 300 mm from the wall.The resulting hole trying to drive plugs and fasten in place PPN profile.
Important!During installation, the ceiling will have many different twist screws and screws, so use a screwdriver.This is a very speed up and facilitate all the work.
next step is fixing hangers.To do this, take the suspension, and applying it to the label on the ceiling.It should be placed strictly in the middle line and at right angles to it.The planned place and zasverlivaem dowel hole.Then we are trying to drive into the dowel and fasten the suspension.Repeat the entire procedure for 40 hangers.
Important!The suspension can be fixed with 1 or 2 plugs, it depends on how you want to get a reliable design.
now anchoring the main frame.For this Bends mustache hangers down so that between them freely entered profile.We get into the profile at the desired height and fix the screws on the sides of the metal.
fasten all straps profile, take a tape measure and mark the site of attachment of crabs.After that we start them on top of the profile antennae down and firmly pressed down to snap inside.By doing this, we proceed to cutting the jumpers profile PP 60/27.To do this, use the grinder or metal shears and cut a part of the profile on.Size taking into account that the bridge will tightly between the main bars.Cut into desired number, proceed to the installation.Set up jumper from underneath the crab and firmly pressed together to crab snaps inside.Having thus established all jumpers, align them in a straight line according to the scheme drawn by.Then fix together all the crabs and sections 4 screws.
mounting frame is completed.You can equip the heat and sound insulation, as well as to lay the wiring for lighting.
Rules facing surface GCR ↑
By putting a framework prepared sheets of drywall screws and fasten to the profile.NEXT to lay on the edge of the GCR profile.For reliability, all the sheets fastened vrazbezhku.It will have to cut some, but it is done quite easily.First line is cut under the cardboard on the one hand, is breaking gently gypsum cardboard and then cut through the other side.
Video-guide: installation of Knauf ceiling ↑
Mounting ceiling with his hands completed, remains to perform the finish.To do this, all joints and places where the screws are screwed carefully shpatlyuem and leveled.Wait until the putty is completely dry, and then we put the final coat of finishing materials.Finally, install lighting fixtures.All installation work ceiling are simple enough for beginners in the construction business.The main thing - to observe the technology works.