Suspended plasterboard ceilings - not a novelty for many years used drywall finishing construction, suspended to the main ceiling, and the method of arrangement does not lose relevance.Apparently, it is important the possibility of different designs: you can make a perfectly flat surface of the surface or build a multi-level complex shape design, with built-in lamps and decorative lighting.With false ceiling can hide communication wiring, unevenly stacked slabs, and any flaws in the base of the ceiling in the simplest way!And given the ease of installation of decorative lighting and pleasant "bonus" in the form of additional sound insulation, it turns out that the best option arrangement, than installing a suspended ceiling of plasterboard can not be!
To install drywall constructions ↑
device suspended plasterboa
distance between the plasterboard ceiling and the base depends on the height of the recessed luminaires.If the suspended ceiling does not provide built-in lights, it is set at a distance of 5 cm from the ground.Guided compiled earlier scheme, count the necessary materials.The length of the profiles and sheets of drywall should be selected according to the size of the premises, in order to avoid unnecessary costs.
Consumables: a complete list ↑
- sheets of drywall.
- guides and support profiles.
- Suspensions and connectors.
- «Quick installation" - (dowels, screws).
- Screws for metal ("ê").
- Screws for drywall.
- «serpyanka" (tape for joints).
- Finishing putty.
Tools for mounting ceiling ↑
- Water level.
- otbivochnogo cord.
- with Hammer drills.
- Angle Grinder ("Bulgarian").
- Shears for metal.
- Prosekatel for profiles.
- drywall knife.
- Abrasive grater.
- Drill (with crown).
sequence of works ↑
principle arrangement of the ceiling by the example of the most simple installation by a single-level structure.On the walls around the perimeter of the room is necessary to fix the guide profile.So he placed horizontally, it is important to make the layout as it should, which will need a pencil, a water level (transparent flexible tube filled with water) and otbivochnogo cord (special cord powder dye).
in all corners of the room with the help of the water level make the mark, with the necessary distance from the base of the ceiling, measure, focusing on the bottom corner of the room.Exactly the marks on all the walls of "conduct" with otbivochnogo Cord strong cord strung between the marks slightly pulled away from the wall and released, when they hit the surface of the dye contained in the cord, leaving a smooth trace on the surface.
strictly on the resulting line is established guiding profile.It should be attached to the wall by means of "quick assembly".Holes in the wall are made punch, with an interval of 30-40 cm. The profile will be enshrined guide bearing profiles installed, it should be noted their place setting markers.Sheets of drywall should be joined in the center of the carrier profile, it is necessary to secure a reliable design.Venues bearing profiles must be placed strictly at intervals of 60 cm from each other, because the width of a sheet of drywall to 120 cm.
on the ceiling in the center of the location bearing profiles must be secured suspensions: they are fixedwith an interval of 50-80 cm using the same "quick installation".Each suspension must be drilled in the ceiling punch two holes.
first support section is set at a distance of 60cm from the wall.Bulgarian cut the profile to the desired length, mount on the marked place and fasten with screws ("ê") to the guide profiles and suspensions.To simplify your work when screwing screws must use prosekatelem pre-punched holes in their metal profiles.
Exclude slack carrier profiles help thread stretched in the middle of the room perpendicular to the installed profiles.Fixing all the support section is similar.
place, where you want to mount the chandelier need to "strengthen" jumper setting of the carrier profiles.If you intend to install ceiling cornices, the attachment site of the future eaves also need further strengthening the carrier profiles.In the case where the length of drywall sheets overlaps the entire width of the room, at joints sheets must install jumpers from the carrier profile, which are fixed by means of screws sibling connectors ("crab").
is important to remember the need to accommodate sheets of drywall "vrazbezhku" or in other words, in a checkerboard pattern.Construction recessed luminaires require laying wiring, do not forget about it prior to installation of drywall.The frame is ready.
The next phase - installation of gypsum boards.Mounting plate to the profile is carried out with screws drywall.Often drywall on one side applied labeled mark the location of screws.To cap screw does not break through the drywall when it is screwed, and only slightly immersed in it, you must properly configure the screwdriver or use a special nozzle with stop.
Cut drywall need to use a knife and an aluminum rule.Knife according to the rule set over slitted cardboard layer on the one hand, a light blow from the opposite side of the slice breaks the gypsum layer sheet is bent slightly further by bending the second layer is cut cardboard.
After installation of sheets seams where there is a special bevel glued "serpyanka" with filler and spatula.Each well of the screw will also need to putty.Once hardened putty putty can seams on the entire surface.Ceiling shpaklyuyut, after drying putty sanded special grater.If necessary, putty is applied in several layers to obtain a perfectly flat surface.After finishing last peretirka soil surface after removing the dust with a dry brush.After drying, the ceiling of the ground ready for finishing (painting, Wallpapering).
Installation of lighting ↑
Arrangement of lighting devices is designed in conjunction with the general scheme of the device ceiling.To connect the built-in luminaires previously routed wiring in places of their installation should be required to drill a hole diameter (the size of the lamp) drill with a crown.Through the hole gets laid before the wire connected to it by means of connecting the lamp contacts.If you apply 12V bulb, use a step-down transformer.
mounting plate lamps fastened with screws through the drywall to the pre-set profiles.
Installation multi-tier design is more complicated, but it is based on the same principles, therefore, to consider it in detail, we will not, we note only that the height level is adjusted suspensions of various lengths.
photo collection ceilings ↑
surprisingly diverse and spectacular can be suspended plasterboard ceilings - photo selection another proof.Valuable to implement a creative ideas, the way to the ceiling everything valuable and more practical point of view: the installation does not require time-consuming preparatory work.Make plasterboard on its own is quite possible, as you can see, in his arrangement there is nothing daunting or burdensome.But certain skills still required.