Upon entering the room the first thing we pay attention to the ceiling.It happens on a subconscious level, so if the ceiling is flat, has no cracks and other defects, we can, as it were, and not notice it.But if it looks messy, the overall impression of the room will be spoiled, however luxurious it was.In order to achieve an ideal surface, you must carefully follow the repair technology of the ceiling, do not neglect any step, however small it did not seem, otherwise all the work can go down the drain.In this article we will discuss how to make the ceiling with his hands, and some of the secrets that makes it easy to achieve an excellent result.
Good preparation - quality repair ↑
As banal as it may sound, but the level of the
Firstly, the need to free the room of furniture and other interior items.All that can be taken - carried into the next room.If something does not pass through the door, or do not want to disassemble, such elements can be covered with sheets or polyethylene.
Second, prepare the necessary tools.In preparation we need a putty knife, whetstone, a basin with water and a soft cloth.Spatula need small size, about 5-7 cm. Too large to be hard work, as to its edge has been completely pressed against the surface of the ceiling, will have to make great efforts, but too small and not worth taking, otherwise the work will take a greatamount of time.
So proceed.Take a small trowel and most keenly sharpen it.Now carefully remove them from the ceiling all the old coating: plaster, paint, lime, etc.During operation, the spatula should be periodically sharpened.Believe me, it will save you a huge amount of time at this stage is important, as the work is really boring and tedious, but that it affects the outcome.Agree, not very nice is if to just repaired the ceiling in front of you fall off a piece of paint or plaster due to the fact that somewhere was a piece of the old coating.
Now ceiling should be thoroughly washed with clean warm water and a little detergent.This should be done several times changing the solution.On the ceiling is necessary to remove all dust, lime residues and other contaminants.It is not necessary to wipe the entire surface of a cloth, remember that how carefully you prepare the surface, depends on the quality of repair.
But that's not all.After drying the ceiling, it must be covered with a layer of primer.Seams and angles pass brush, and on the rest surface of the primer may be applied using a roller.
Tip: primer and leveling compound to the ceiling, use the same brand.
If you do not plan to install or stretch ceilings, the training involves one step - surface leveling.First, consider the case where the differences of the ceiling height not exceeding 50 mm.Such irregularities, as well as the joints between the slabs and small cracks can be eliminated by covering the surface of the gypsum mixture.
Technology leveling plaster mixture ↑
- Dilute solution is, strictly follow the instructions on the package.For once we prepare a small amount of the mixture, as the plaster dries very quickly.Usually enough 2.5-4 kg.Put
- solution ironed on one side, apply it to the ceiling and a light pressure rub the composition on the surface, so that it sticks, but not squeezed.The first layer should be approximately 15-20 mm, while not solicit a perfectly flat surface.At this stage, it is important to fill the large bumps and cracks, and the rest will mask the following layers.
- Now all the big bumps and mounds need to be cut with a spatula.Make it better to dry the solution.Defects easier to identify, dragging a long rail on the ceiling.
- Apply a second coat of plaster, besides not achieving mirror smoothness.This is also a leveling layer.
- For the third layer solution was diluted with a little thinner and causes it no longer pressing machines, and a wide spatula.
- After drying the surface, all the seams and irregularities we clean coarse sandpaper.
- shoot more damp brush the dust remaining after sanding.
- now covers the prepared surface of the primer layer.
- Finally, apply a layer of finishing putties.
Tip: If the unevenness of the ceiling does not exceed one millimeter, then you can do one layer of plaster.The greater the height difference, the more layers should be applied.
dry technology alignment ceiling ↑
Often netizens are wondering how to make the ceiling with his hands in the event that the ceiling height difference of up to several centimeters or more, if the ceiling there are huge cracks or slabs are stacked unevenly.Naturally, the wet method is not able to solve the problem, so use "dry" surface leveling the ceiling, that is his covering sheeting.
most commonly used for this purpose plasterboard.Today it is the most accessible material, both in its cost, and ease of handling.In addition, it is quite durable and has many positive qualities.
Preparations for the "dry" alignment are the same as for the "wet" method.The only difference is that you should use a primer, has antibacterial and antimicrobial properties.Further, the ceiling applied to the lath of metal profile, with its horizontal tracked using a spirit level.In the crate attached sheets of plywood, drywall or fiberboard, depending on the choice of host.Thereafter, the ceiling can be painted or covered by any selected material.
How to whitewash the ceiling ↑
There are still people who prefer the whitewashed ceiling.In principle, they could understand that neatly whitewashed ceiling looks, gives the room warmth and freshness.
Good quality of the repair depends largely on the correct solution for whitewash.For every 10 square meters, we need 3.5 liters of water, which is necessary to dissolve 90 grams of wood glue.Small amounts of water needed to dissolve lime 2.3kg, 15g and 60g bluing soap separately and then carefully introduce the resulting mixture into solution with the adhesive.The composition is mixed thoroughly and apply 2-3 coats.
Tip: when whitewashing each layer it is necessary to completely dry.
How and what is best to paint ↑
Before painting after preparatory work carried out, the surface of the ceiling must be primed with diluted paint.Be sure to use exactly the one you chose to stain the ceiling.At this stage it may appear unfinished areas and small defects, imperceptible at oshkurennoy surface.All the identified deficiencies should be eliminated.
Then proceed to stain the ceiling.As a rule, one should start from the wall of windows.The first band perform brush carefully prokrashivaya all ledges and corners.The rest of the surface can be coated roller, having a brush at the end of the remaining joints of the ceiling to the walls.
Important: Each layer must be applied in the same direction, but with each successive must be positioned perpendicular to the previous one.It is better to apply 3-4 light coats than one thick.
to the painted surface for a long time retained its luster, at the end of painting, close all windows and doors, preventing drafts and penetration of sunlight.No need to accelerate the natural process of drying, ventilate the room you have time and a little bit later.
How to install the suspended ceiling ↑
Of course, if desired, the ceilings can be done independently.Not so with sophisticated technology to install them, but still better to trust this job to professionals.Is there some specific features.
After ceiling surface treated with an antiseptic composition can begin to mount the bracket profile.For this, first flush is necessary to draw a horizontal line around the perimeter.Further, it should be glued to the profile, to ensure its smooth contiguity, and then secure it with screws at an equal distance from each other.
Tip: Do not fasten the screws at a distance of less than 10 mm from the edge of the profile.
Before you start working with tension material, space must be warmed to a temperature of 40 ° C and then maintain it constantly until the end of the installation.The film using the dryer construction is heated to 60 ° C and then stretched in the profile.The angles are mounted in the following order: first one, then - the opposite to him, and now the rest of the queue.Once the corners are securely fastened, the whole film is fastened to the profile with a pitch of 80 mm.Now tighten evenly with a spatula material around the perimeter.
Tip: If the installation formed folds and wrinkles, they can be smooth circular motion after heating hair dryer fabric construction to 60 ° C.
How to make a false ceiling with his hands ↑
In this case, after the preparation of the ceiling suspension system must be installed.Similarly, the prior art is drawn along the perimeter horizontal line on which is mounted a guide profile.On the ceiling at a distance of 600 mm from each other are applied to the line in both directions.The points of intersection will determine the location of the hangers.
Ceiling profile attached to the ends of the guide slots and securely fixed hangers on both sides.All ceiling profiles must be installed on the building level.
On the resulting suspension system must be fastened sheets of drywall, plywood or any other material selected.After the installation is finished, the entire surface must be proshpaklevat, ie to prepare for further finishing.After complete drying of the finishing layer, the entire ceiling must be sanded with fine sandpaper and remove dust, and only then you can proceed to its finish.
Remember, any ceiling, made with his own hands, will serve for a long time only, subject to technology its installation.Therefore, if you do not have patience, diligence, care and can not even imagine what the parties come to the screwdriver or screwdriver, entrust this work to professionals.