Create beautiful interior ceiling - this is only half the story, but to make it elegant and highlight the beauty, it is necessary to equip competent lighting.Today, to make such coverage is not difficult.All necessary materials can be easily purchased in stores, and to implement planned to life skills required to handle the tool and accuracy when working.About how to make lighting the ceiling, what is needed, just it is this article.
applied types of illumination↑
One of the unique features of the ceilings is zoning areas, and in combination with different lighting groups can achieve a stunning effect.When planning to arrange a suspended ceiling with lighting, it is necessary at the stage of creating the design project to consider how to lighting groups, their types and options.Lighting ceiling decided to split into three
- general lighting;
- task lighting;
- lighting for mood.
for general lighting use a central chandelier, several lamps or lamps with built niches.The main objective of this group of lighting is to maximize room lighting at night.
objective of the task lighting is functional zoning areas through the establishment of their individual areas of varying intensity of illumination and colors.This can be achieved by using lamps mounted in the ceiling and niches together in separate groups.
lighting mood is created on the basis of the target light with the difference that combined in different groups of lighting depending on the situation will be able to create a festive, intimate and working environment.
to illuminate the ceiling using different types of lighting.It can be mounted spotlights, pendant lighting and lighting of the tape.The light sources used incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps or LEDs.Today, gaining increasing popularity of LED ceiling lights ribbon.The main advantages of LED lighting is durable performance and low power consumption.
Installation of lighting ↑
placement groups of lighting fixtures for various purposes begins at the stage of creation of the design project of the ceiling.Marks the spot installation of lighting and creates a wiring diagram showing the number of materials used, their specifications and power consumption.Having the already finished project can safely proceed to the installation of lighting.
process Wiring ↑
After mounting frame ceiling, you can start laying the wiring for lighting.Depending on the capabilities and preferences wiring can be laid in two ways.The first involves installation of a cable channel, the second allows you to lay the wire directly to ripple through the entire frame structure.The advantage of the first method is a neat arrangement and further ease of connection.The second option allows to save on the total length of the line.
to lay the wiring of cable channels, do the following:
- own cable channel will be located between the ceiling and construction ceiling and wall-mounted.An exception is the cable channel for chandeliers, it will be attached to the ceiling.Zasverlivaem holes for fastening the cable channel on the perimeter of the room, from the location of the switches;
- are now trying to drive into the dowel holes and fasten the cable channel itself;
- finally paving the wiring to each lighting fixtures.We try to make the stock wire 10 - 15 cm for easy connection of luminaires.
Wiring in the corrugation is performed as follows:
- under mounting corrugated ceiling zasverlivayutsya holes, and then inside of each insert special fastening clips;
- for each group of lights take a separate corrugated and plants inside wire;
- size of a piece of corrugated taken on the basis of the distance to the lamp.So a whole bunch of wires from the switch to the point of connection is one corrugation.The length of the wire trying to take with a margin of 10 - 15 cm for easy connection;
- corrugation fix in clips that were previously installed.
A combined version Wiring with corrugations and cable channels.In this case, the main wiring is laid on the cable channel and wiring for fixtures in the center of the ceiling laid into corrugation.
marking gypsum boards ↑
Now that the framework and within the ceiling laid wiring, you can proceed to the application of markings on the sheets of drywall with the exact location of the frame profile and places the installation of lighting fixtures.It will have to take a tape measure, a pencil and transfer the exact size and location of the frame profiles on sheets of drywall.The visiting markup framework, marks the place where lamps.Thereafter, the sheets can be set in place.
Creating holes fixtures ↑
fully sheathing frame sheets of plasterboard, check with the design project for the exact location of fixtures and counting the required permissions.Making sure that everything is in order, zasverlivaem holes.The diameter of the holes, respectively, and the diameter of the saw, selected based on the fixtures that are going to be installed.
holes themselves do with a special attachment on a drill - hole saw.During the pilot drilling, wear safety glasses, or plaster dust gets in your eyes.Time for pilot drilling required very little, the main thing - to do everything carefully, so as not to damage the gypsum board.
Video: Cut holes for the fixtures
Setting the backlight: technology ↑
prepare a place for lighting, proceed to install them.As previously mentioned, for the ceiling lighting can be used spotlights, LED-strip or classic chandelier, as well as a combination of the lighting.
start the installation of lighting with spotlights, it is necessary to do the following:
- of drilled holes to pull the wires and clean up the ends.Stripper using clippers;
- put on the ends of the wire connecting terminal to which an attached wire spotlights.To perform these studies using a Phillips screwdriver;
- if the lamp with a halogen light bulb, then before you put it in place, set the first light bulb.Installation is spent very carefully, making sure not to touch the bulb with his hands.For LED lamps is no such problem.They are usually sold whole and connecting the lamp can be immediately put in place;
- installation spotlights - a very simple matter.Suffice it to insert it into the hole and press firmly to the surface.Thanks to its light brace bar is firmly locks.
Installing LED-tape is even easier job.The tape is attached to the ceiling thanks to a sticky basis, and a network connection is made with a special connector.It should be noted that the LED-belt is designed to generate the primary illumination.It is best used to create mood lighting.Therefore it is recommended to hide the tape in specially designated to cover niche or curbs.
on the final stage of the installation connect the lighting to the grid, all the pre-de-energized.After successful completion, you can turn on and enjoy the beauty of the suspended ceiling.
Video: installation spotlights
All work on the connection can easily be performed alone, the main thing - be careful and cautious when dealing with electricity.