dream to create on the site an oasis of beauty, many owners are looking for roses.These flowers can decorate the most featureless area.But somehow, many seated prejudice that care for roses is complex and time-consuming.In fact, everything depends on the correctness of planting, the choice of varieties and locations.If we stick to simple rules of which will be discussed in the article, a year or two of your humble station will turn into a blooming Eden.So, rose - planting and care.
buy roses: the rules for choosing ↑
where they sell the best seedlings ↑
first step to creating paradise in the area - buying flowers.Today, you can purchase seedlings in shops, markets, in shops, on the hands of grandparents, etc.If you put your trust grandmothers or market traders, in 90% of cases of high-quality English rose unusual purple color will get the traditional red or pink.Believe only in photos, which is applied to seedlings, not worth it.In addition, you do not know the conditions under which preserved roses are grafted on what and so on. The ideal place for shopping - nurseries, growing plants, breeders or private traders.You can also use the internet, but to buy only those outlets that work directly with the manufacturer, and spread on a site full information about each class and its characteristics.What
seedlings better in pots or bare-root ↑
sale you can see three options rose seedlings:
- with a lump of earth wrapped in black polyethylene;
Best of all acclimatized plants from containers because they are planted together with the ground without damaging the roots.If you are late with the purchase in April and early May, with the middle of the month and in the summer is only buy roses in pots.The rest of the heat taken much worse.
After the pot seedlings, the second highest survival are roses, wrapped in film.The root system is closed loose soil soaked with water, which helps to maintain the desired humidity and the plant retain moisture.
weakest degree of survival - seedlings with roots exposed.They need to be planted immediately, on the day of purchase or to put in a cold cellar.
Marking grades ↑
third selection criterion - the state of the aerial part of the rose.Better and healthier varieties of roses will be A, which have three and more powerful escape.The rose varieties have either 2 strong escape or 3, but with uneven thickness.They take root worse.
sure to read the label of the plant.Icon "rose inside the leaf" marked ADR will indicate that this strain is resistant to disease and frost.Such plants and worth buying on site.
We are looking for a place for roses: planting and care in the first week ↑
Choosing territory for rosary ↑
Before buying seedlings need to be concerned about where they will grow.Rose sun-loving, so great feel on the open areas.However, some varieties of the abundance of the scorching rays quickly wither and can change color to a pale inflorescence (burn).The best option - a place where for a while the flower will be in partial shade.Suffice it to 5-6 hours a day under the sun, that the development is proceeding normally.
bush is harmful to high humidity, so do not make it around the dense planting, hindering ventilation.Leaves after the rain should be dried quickly, or fungal diseases can not escape.But strong drafts still be avoided.In the summer they do not interfere too much, but in the winter - freezes in aerial shoots.Select a place where the north side of the building is covered, dense fence or large trees, but not near the beds and three meters and further.
Requirements soil ↑
Rose loves a rich humus soil and trace elements with low level of acidity (pH of up to 7.5).At least half a meter deep into the ground must be fertile.If bottom - clay, then pave its sandy bed, which will take the excess moisture and pour fertile soil (soil can be special for the rosary).
If you plant flowers in the same place where previously sat rose, although this is not recommended, then remove half a meter the entire layer of the earth.It already live pests and diseases that struck the old rose and quietly continue to work on new plantings.Completely change the soil, or bushes will be hurt.
If all of the above requirements is not successful, do not tune the flowers waiting for a quick death.They adapt and not the most ideal living conditions, but it can reduce the height of the bush and abundant flowering.Perform at least three requirements: no thickening planting, do not put in the shade and in the low places where stagnant water after long rain.
If Rose purchased bare-root, dip it for an hour in a container with water, which added a few drops of a growth stimulant.Seedling expand in the film, clean the soil from the roots and straighten (they are usually folded in half).Bush to spill in a container with water, wait until absorbed, and remove with a clod of earth.If the roots are closely intertwined too lightly stir them, combed nail or something sharp.Look at how hydrated root system.If the bottom of the roots and the soil is dry, dip a rose in a bucket of water for 5-10 minutes.
When a seedling prepared, start planting.Dig a hole in the flowerbed.Its depth should be such that the site of inoculation (convex thickening in the transition from the roots to the stem) is secreted into the ground at 5 cm for the tea roses and carnations, 7-10 cm - for pletistyh and tall.
If you are planting a rose bare-root, then the center of the pit pour a mound of fertile soil, and "planted" on a sapling so that the roots are formedalong the hills.Straighten the arms and place them back, so as not to interfere with each other.Roses from a container placed in a pit so that the vaccine was at the right place.
Some growers recommend pruning before planting too long tap roots to stimulate the formation of the side, smaller roots.This can be done only with shrubs whose roots you see and can determine whether they are long.
bush seated in a hole, he covered with earth and shed from the watering can with small holes on the nose.
Council. If daytime temperatures above 20 degrees is understood, plants suffer from the heat.It is better to wait for the landing of a cloudy day (if the roots of the roses in the ground), even though the plants bare-root planting have immediately, otherwise they will be dry.In this case, cover the seedlings lutrasilom (but not wrapped!) Or obtykayte green branches of the trees have bloomed.
Care rose garden in the first week after planting ↑
If planting is done in the fall, it is necessary to hill every bush around 15-20 cm in height.So you protect the branches from the cold, and in spring the earth will be required to hold moisture.
When transplanting plants in bloom (and such plants are sold only in the summer), all week bushes protect from the sun.Loose petals can get sunburn, because that violated the ingress of moisture from the roots.If roses are not pritenit, the plant will reset the color and the upper leaves.
stam roses after planting necessarily tie, vkapyvaya near seedling wooden stake.It is necessary that during the fledgling wind tree is not torn up by the roots.Fix the straps are not in one place, and separately on the trunk and crown.It is better to use elastic materials that will not crash into a rose.Suit old women's nylon tights, cut into wide strips.
first year of planting roses: the cultivation and care ↑
the first year of the prickly beauty only take root, and not all of them will be pleased with flowering.But it is not necessary to require.Much more important is that the bushes have increased a strong root system, stems and form a healthy left for the winter with a good immunity.Therefore, in the year of planting is carried out the next care of roses in the garden.
Frequency of watering: depends on the weather ↑
in our climate, where rain runs a sufficient amount, rose bushes have time nazapasit moisture and do not require frequent watering.The only period when no watering will not do - time survival rate of seedlings, and then only in the case if there is a fever.Once the flowers have gone to growth and formed a beautiful shrub watered only dry summer.
Terms watering ↑
- can not pour on the leaf, but only under the root.
- best time - morning.
- after heavy rain loosened soil.
- avoid drying of the soil, mulch it.
options and frequency of fertilizing ↑
If bushes planted in the autumn, the first feeding spetsudobreniem for roses is conducted in late March, and the second - in June.Spring plants fertilize in summer.You can do organic, but these flowers just like horn chips and cow dung.Feed within the time specified above, and add one more - in October.
Traditional mineral supplements are also possible.Nitrogen is fed to the middle of spring and summer, and potassium - in the early fall.Potash strengthens frost bushes, and so they contribute in the autumn.
Will the Rose Garden: the care and control of savagery bushes ↑
Most varietal roses - grafted on the wild rose, which has a higher immunity and resistance to fungal infections.Sometimes (usually 3 years) "peasant" origin makes itself felt the advent of the wild seedlings.So called branches, which are moving away from the roots below the vaccinations, and are wild shoots that have no characteristics of the variety.They are small and light leaves (like a wild rose) than directly from the trunk.On the shoots are a serious fight, because it takes a lot of power from the variety of branches and weakens the hive.To completely eradicate the unexpected "neighbor", it is necessary to dig the place where he got to the roots and cut shears.If you only cut off the aerial part of the savage forms several kidney and give each new shoot.
when needed trimming ↑
- first pruning is done immediately before planting (except roses in containers).The ends of stalks sheared into 3-4 cm, as they dry out a bit over the winter.
- summer permanently remove fading flowers.If a variety of floral forms a brush, then cut off a twig on which they are kept.
- Last pruning - before winter.It is carried out only for those varieties that are in need of shelter, to make the shrub more compact.
Climbing roses: the care and breeding ↑
most unpretentious group is climbing roses.For them, the main thing - to build support, because the plant can reach a height of 3 meters.Typically, these non-grafted varieties, so you can easily nacherenkovat shoots and sprinkle the ground (almost) to the spring to get the young seedlings.Most climbing roses do not require shelter and may remain on the trellis all winter.
If roses have taken root, it does not mean that they will survive the winter.Do not forget to hide in need of this type and covered with earth branch plants to safely survived the frost.