Laying tiles - hard, painstaking work that requires great delicacy and precision.Should this work is quite expensive: about the same as itself tiles.But if you're used to a lot of housework to do with your hands, you are patient and diligent people, then why do not you learn how to put a tile - laying instruction will acquire knowledge in this area.In addition to the pleasure of the result, it will help you save precious family budget.But remember that this case should be taken seriously, as any made in the beginning of inaccuracy will affect later, worsening the result of the work.
How to choose a tile ↑
When buying tiles do not forget to buy about 10% more than the calculated amount.Firstly, tile - brittle materia
choosing tile, no matter what - cheap domestic tile or import refined representative of the collection, it is necessary to make sure that faces were smooth and the corners - straight.The first option is checked, putting two tiles facing surface to each other.Snug fit - a sign of good quality.The corners of the tiles will be straight if its diagonals are equal.
for saunas, pools and bathrooms, it is desirable to purchase tiles with antislip properties for open space - frost.Pictograms on the packaging to help make the right choice.Floor tiles depicted a foot on a black background, as if the foot is drawn on the shaded background - this tiles with high wear resistance.Frost designated snowflakes.
Regardless of the special qualities of the first grade tile has a red package, the second grade - blue, and the third - green.
Good to know!When laying recommended tiles from different packages to the surface color was more homogeneous.
Methods laying tile ↑
Facing "straight row » - the most popular, classic sposobukladki.It differs simplicity and accessibility: tiles laid elementary one another to form vertical and horizontal rows.
Facing "diagonal» - the most time-consuming and complex process requiring professional skills, but the result of the original look.The laid diagonal tiles visually expands the space.
lining "in the Extension» reminds brickwork: each parent several tiles displaced half the tiles horizontally, thus, its middle is exactly above the seam betweenthe bottom row of tiles.
lining method "cell» involves the use of hexagonal tiles.It is most commonly used for finishing the floor, but there are also a series for walls.
modular stacking - the most original modern way, which requires a set of tiles of different shapes and sizes to create a variety of patterns and designs.Many manufacturers offer ready-made models.But you can make a drawing and choose the tiles themselves.
received information about the tile and the ways of its styling, detailed look at how to put a tile.
necessary materials and tools ↑
For laying tiles will need the following materials:
- tile adhesive;
- special wedges and spacers crosses (for the formation of correct joints);
and need such a tool:
- Building mixer;
- level building (and preferably two - one short and another long);
- trowel (with a height of 8-12 cm tooth comb);
- rubber spatula;
- rubber mallet Laminating tile to the wall;
- small Bulgarian with a flat circle of the diamond;
- Ballerina with carbide tip (for drilling round holes).
How to prepare the surface ↑
tile need to put on a prepared flat surface.It can be a wall lined with the help of drywall or plaster, floor screed level.No need to consider the option with uneven floors or walls, as in this case, the work is much more complicated: it is very difficult to achieve an even surface tiling.Furthermore, this will lead to a large overrun expensive adhesive.
vertical walls can be checked with the help of the level.If the differences exceed 0.5 millimeters per meter, be sure to align the wall with plaster.
horizontal surface floor level and check and find out whether it aligned.Check and angles between walls using gon: they must be equal to 90 degrees.
Before working surfaces must be cleaned from dust and primed twice deep penetrating primer.
Instruction laying tile ↑
Laying tiles on the wall ↑
Why do I need to start laying the tiles from the walls?The fact is that if you start from the floor, in the course of the subsequent work very dirty tiles, the joints can get debris.There is a possibility of falling on the floor heavy tools or materials, which can lead to cracking of the tiles.
So the walls are smooth, primed, proceed to laying tile:
- derogate from the surface of the screed to a distance which is obtained by summing the thickness of the floor tiles, the adhesive layer and the deformation gap.For convenience, it is best to use a rail desired thickness: it will prevent the slipping down the tile, in other words, will store the entire series of indented tiles from the floor at the same distance.
- Knead paste: pour in a bucket of two liters of water, gradually add the adhesive mixture (according to the manufacturer's instructions), stirred solution of the mixer.The consistency of the glue should be such that the solution was a plastic, but not liquid.Give him five minutes for maturation, mix again, and all - ready to glue.
- Take the tile in the hand, define the direction in which we are located.Look at the back of the tile - most manufacturers draws an arrow there.All shooters tiles should be directed to one side.
- on the back of the tile glue is applied to a flat side of the trowel, then its toothed side remove excess glue.
keep spatula perpendicular to the surface of the tiles to the ridges were the same height.
- Set tiles in place against the wall and pripressovyvaya carefully tap the surface with a rubber hammer.
Likewise, set adjacent tiles, not forgetting to monitor with the help of the level of their position relative to the horizontal, vertical, and that the whole tile was in the same plane.
- the presence of minor deviations from the plane, we can correct them, clutching a few tiles at a time to the wall using a long level.Insert the plastic spacers between the tiles crosses.If some tiles uneven, we use wedges and set it in a way that it can not affect the next.
Location tile can be adjusted, if necessary, for a few minutes after sticking, until the glue has had time to grab.
- similarly laid the rest of the series, do not forget to insert crosses at the intersection of joints.This is done so that the seams formed a straight line, not shifted.
laying tile on the floor ↑
On the floor lay tile is almost the same as on the walls:
- Before laying tiles, floor covered with primer for better adhesion.The layout of the surface it is desirable to carry out so that the seams in visible places the walls are parallel and oblique Cutting hiding in inaccessible places or under furniture.The tile on the floor placed on the far corner of the room to the door.
- To determine how many rows will be whole, laid tile first shutout.
- put tile, starting from the center, on the road marking.Floor tiles, we like "dive" under the section of the previously laid wall tiles (then we were left to do the distance between the clamp and wall tiles).Therefore, the entire perimeter to obtain a flat seam for which use of the plinth optionally.
- applied to the tile adhesive, level with a notched trowel, apply to sex and rap with a rubber hammer so that it fits snugly to the base and glue to better fill all the voids.
- We control the horizontal stacking using a builder's level, applying it for accuracy in two ways.
- to the joints between the tiles have turned out the same, insert spacers crosses.
between the floor tiles are usually made greater distance than that between the wall (crosses come in different sizes).
- If necessary, cut into tiles using the Tile.
- Do not forget to remove the remote crosses before the glue hardens.
important to remember!The joints between the tiles must be cleaned of adhesive immediately after drying because it is much harder to do.
methods and types prirezki ↑
When laying tiles almost never manage to do without his prirezki.Exactly prirezku can be done by Tile.A bar mark out, laid on the bed, draws a roll of hard metal, and then a special foot broken into two parts.Sometimes it is necessary to perform prirezki complex shape: L-shaped, U-shaped, or cut a window in the tile.
prirezku This makes using the grinder with a diamond circle.Cut the tiles with the help of the best grinders on the street, because the process is accompanied by great sound effect and a significant release of dust.Besides the usual
prirezki often be cut in the tile round holes for sockets, pipes, various plumbing.In such cases, use the Ballerina - adjustable cutting tools tipped with Carbide, which is attached to a drill and rotation cuts holes in tile desired diameter.Cutting works to be performed very carefully, thoroughly extinct every size, so as not to spoil the expensive tiles.
However, even with the most careful cutting of the resulting cut can not be compared with the factory, so it is necessary to hide.In the corners prirezku hide under a flat edge adjacent tiles adjacent walls, and can be a special corner.In other places, it is desirable to hide under prirezku casings and other accessories.
Grouting by the rules ↑
not earlier than one day after laying tile, you can proceed to grout tile joints.They were purified from the pre-adhesive and dust, wash the tile.Trowelling mixture was diluted with water, as well as an adhesive, but in a smaller amount (to save material).These mixtures should have properties such as resistance to cracking and to weather conditions, environmental friendliness, ease of use.
Tip!Before grouting joints with a damp cloth is recommended for providing better grip mixture with sutures.
To ensure the quality of grouting, when preparing the solution you need to adhere strictly to the proportions of water specified by the manufacturer.The manual also specifies the maximum permissible thickness.The finished mixture is rubbed into the joints using a rubber spatula.
excess grout mixture is removed from the surface of the tile with a damp sponge, mild diagonal and longitudinal movements of the joints.
carefully hide the seams jammed with small defects laying tile, but carelessly jammed joints - on the contrary, reduce to zero all your efforts.Therefore grouting - a task no less important than laying tiles.
finished, no need to hurry with the operation of the finished room: let pass at least three days, and only then it will be possible to walk on the finished floor.
This requirement allows the floor to be perfectly flat for many years.
Videos for laying tiles ↑
For clarity and better absorption of the material can be viewed video instructions for laying tiles.
By and large the whole process of laying tile - a complex and painstaking work that requires full commitment and responsible attitude to every stage of this work.But it's nice after a good wash laying tile and admire the work done, and then to place the furniture, install plumbing and enjoy the results of their hard work.