Parquet traditionally is associated with luxury palace rooms, luxurious villas and reputable institutions.Such a notion still had a royal time when artistic wooden floor was considered a sign of wealth and high social status showed home owners.This parquet and now enjoys great popularity, despite its high cost relative to other floor coverings and some difficulties in the installation.Lacquered surface parquet floor is perfect for any interior and adds sophistication and polish it.In this article, we look at a process such as parquet laying their hands, and give a few tips, allowing without spending additional funds for professionals alone quickly and accurately perform all the necessary work.
Should I laid flooring ↑
much of this flooring attracts only his external beauty, and they tend to become its owner, not knowi
Before you make the right choice of flooring, think, and if you can maintain the necessary microclimate conditions the parquet?That is because of the constant fluctuations of microclimate it in any case impossible to lay in the basement and basement rooms, saunas, bathrooms, closets, conservatories or as a coating to the pool.Excessive moisture in these areas entails bending dies.
to the same disastrous consequences and causes excessive drying parquet, so in areas with inadequate moisture is best to install special air humidifiers.
In principle, all these efforts are not in vain, because the result will be a great aesthetic pleasure obtained when looking at the elegant flooring.
methods of laying ↑
There are many ways of laying:
- straight and diagonal deck offset ½, 2/3 or 1/3;
- straight and diagonal herringbone of one, two, three or four planks:
- straight and diagonal squares;
- straight and diagonal braid;
- artistic masonry.
Each is good in its own way, and only on the personal preferences of the owner depends on what methods of laying will be chosen for him at home.The simplest method is considered the "deck" or "Extension".Parquet plank in this case are arranged strictly parallel to each other.This form can be used in the separation of a parquet pattern into components.
floors stacked squares with careful observance of the technology, have the property of increased resistance to deformation.Stacking "herringbone" arrangement differs battens in this way they are arranged at an angle of 90 ° to each other and 45 ° to the walls.
General preparation for use ↑
The first step is to calculate the floor and immediately buy all the necessary material and plywood, which will need to align the base.All this is necessary in advance to bring into the room where you plan to laying parquet, and leave for a couple of days to cover and plywood have found their location properties.
While material "rest", you must take care of the instrument, so that later at the crucial moment did not go shopping, wasting precious time and wasting wasted nerve cells.What do you need for laying parquet?Firstly, no construction work of good quality would be unthinkable without the measuring instrument.You need to prepare:
- building square;
- meter or measuring tape;
- building level (better if at hand are both types: the liquid, and a laser);
- template rail;
addition need a huge range of working tools:
- a hammer and a wooden mallet;
- scrap with a claw hammer;
- hand hacksaw with several spare blades;
- gouges and chisels of various sizes;
- circular and circular saws;
- drill punch with features;
- small hand grinder (he would need in places where not reach a massive grinder).
Substrate Preparation for laying ↑
from properly prepared surface of the base depends on the quality of future floor covering.If this step be taken carelessly, it is unlikely parquet, no matter how beautiful and magnificent it was in the beginning, will long to please you with their attractive appearance.
If the old wooden floor made of grooved boards and is in perfect condition (that is, it does not creak, does not have differences and mobile sites is firmly anchored on the well dried joists impregnated with antiseptic solutions), the laying of parquet can be made directly at him.The only thing you need to do - is put on the glue waterproof plywood and secure it with screws, utaplivaja their heads not less than 5 mm.If
concrete floor and its roughness is less than 2 mm 2 per meter, calculated in any direction, it is sufficient to avoid self-leveling compounds, which are also stacked sheets of waterproof plywood.
otherwise have to resort to more sophisticated methods of training, such as:
- parquet laying on the joists;
- parquet laying on the concrete floor.
- Parquet laying on the joists. This option is good in that it requires no drying time required for the base, and also eliminates the dirty work.In addition, the underground space can be placed any communications network, or simply increase the heat and sound insulation properties of the floor using the installation of insulation in the voids.Logs are stacked perpendicular to the planned direction of the parquet and before it are treated with special antiseptic solutions.It is better to use adjustable logs to quickly align the surface of the base by a simple twisting of bolts, but if this is not possible, the usual lag screws are fixed at a distance of 500 mm from each other, with heads too recessed into the wood.Thereafter, the level of planks aligns with small wedges and they lay plywood sheets.
- Parquet flooring on the concrete floor. This type of training should be selected when the floor height differences of more than 2 mm per 200 mm.To begin the concrete foundation waterproofing using foil or plastic film while the edges are displayed on the lower part of the wall.Then pour concrete solution and allowed to dry at 1-1.5 months.Next, the base surface is primed and it bears a special glue.Now, as in the previous method, you can start laying the plywood.
Important: before installing the plywood should be divided into small squares about the size of 400x400 mm, and its numbers have to be shifted to any one place is not connected the four corners of the sheets.
Tip: after installation it is best sanded plywood.This will avoid possible differences in height.And also to give it "settle" before laying parquet 3-4 days.
Technology laying his hands ↑
First you need to achieve the desired indoor climate: the temperature must be above + 18 °, and the humidity of the environment to keep around 60%.Before operation, regardless of which installation has been selected, it is necessary to lay majachnye snake, which can be located in two rows along the long initial wall and the central axis of the room.For the correct location of the rows of beacons across the room, pulled the cord located above the surface of the base at a height equal to the thickness of one plank flooring.
majachnuju snake is best spread on hot mastic, which has the property to harden quickly and does not allow the strips to budge in further work.If you select the diagonal method of laying, the ranks of beacons should be located on a diagonal base.
Important: If beacon-shuffling snake turns out that in the end will come an odd number of rows, it must be moved by ½ length of the floorboard.
Technology laying parquet depends on the material.The most common hardwood floors are recruited from single plates (so-called block parquet).Modern strips are around the perimeter of or along the edges of the ridges and grooves to facilitate their connection to one another.Begin necessarily work from the wall farthest from the door, so as not to damage the exit svezhevylozhennoe cover.
on the basis of a layer of adhesive, and each bracket pritaplivaetsya slightly in the solution, and its fabric tightly fitted to an already packed rows using mallets.To prevent bias in subsequent work, it secured an additional 3 special nails that are making punch.
When laying mosaic parquet representing the boards of any shape, collected from several bars and connected to the front of thick paper, glue is applied to the base and is distributed with a notched trowel, and have it decompose the shields up paper.To achieve better adhesion, parquet floor should unroll metal roller.After complete drying of the adhesive paper is removed.
Important: Whichever way no fit parquet, and the walls between them is necessary to leave expansion gaps of at least 10 mm.
There is another way laying - art, but about it we will talk in this article, since its installation requires highly professional skills of woodcarving and every master (especially novice) can qualitatively handle this work.
Once the installation works are completed floor, its surface is required to be ottsiklevat.Now the base is ground very fine sandpaper, puttied, grounded by special trains, keep the color of the wood and varnished in three layers.At each layer necessarily is dried and polished (it helps to get rid of small wood shavings raised during the coating).
laying parquet - video ↑
We hope that the video submitted by us, eliminating the last issues related to the laying of parquet flooring.Now everything depends on your patience, because the work is painstaking and requires perseverance, but all efforts will be rewarded with a beautiful floor, pleasing you for years and causing the envy of friends and acquaintances.