Ceramic tile has a strong position among the variety of floor coverings.She laid on the floor in the bathroom, kitchen, bathroom, sauna, hall, or even on the porch.Tile, tough, durable and resistant to external influences.Laying tiles on the floor - it is responsible and troublesome, requires considerable skill and patience.Despite the technical difficulties due to the variety of forms tiles, textures, colors floor can be transformed into a true miracle of design ideas.
To align the floor under the tile ↑
One of the most important tasks before laying the tiles is to prepare the surface.The quality of this work will depend on how exactly will put a tile, and how tightly it will hold.
laying ceramic tiles on the floor requires almost perfectly flat surface.
concrete substrate must be leveled screed.To do this, first clear the surface of the old floor, remnants of dust and dirt.If the base has significant defects in the form of sagging or cracked cement mixture, you need to get rid of them.Sagging remove sanding machine.Cracks are expanding, remove the crumbled concrete and repair mortar close up.
In the case of laying tiles in areas with high humidity levels need to seal the foundation.To do this, first gruntuem concrete base, then apply waterproofing material.You can use bitumen mastic.After drying fill leveling screed.This can be a traditional cement - sand mortar or self-leveling mixture.When the screed is dry, another layer of primer for better adhesion of tile adhesive to the base.
wooden base can be aligned under the tile is dry method and the traditional tie-based mortars.First of all, the wood floor must be checked for stability.Do not leave loose boards, be sure to replace them with new ones.If the floor is more - less than normal, while tsiklyuem him close up all gaps and cracks putty based on PVA.After drying putty gidroizoliruem surface.Now you can pour cement - sand screed or stacked sheets of water-resistant plywood with a minimum thickness of 12 mm for floor leveling.
Before you put the tiles on the floor, the base needs to be done dry, clean, smooth and flat as possible.Once achieved such indicators begin the installation.
How to lay tile floor ↑
Choosing tile and glue ↑
Choosing and buying tiles made taking into account the operating conditions and the place where goingits stack.
tile floor in the bathroom should have low levels of water absorption.In order not to slip on the wet floor, it is advisable not to buy the tiles smooth and slightly rough or embossed surface.
In the kitchen should choose tiles with high resistance to the effects of detergents.In the process of cooking on the floor will often drip fat and oil, have often wash alkaline means.Moreover, the kitchen floor is subject to frequent mechanical stress, so the tile should have wear resistance rating no lower third.
to the floor in the hallway tiles class durability is also very important.It should be higher than the third.Plus, it is necessary to choose the color is not too soiled, because on it will often go in dirty shoes.
for everything outside terrace, veranda, porch, stairs and other objects outdoors suit stoneware tiles, natural granite that resembles its appearance and performance.The extent of its durability - the fifth grade.So you can not worry if it will withstand heavy mechanical loads.
Before buying tiles required to measure the area, we want to cover with it.It is also right to consider variant layout and drawing.Having defined the choice of tiles, with a margin gain of 15% at least, and preferably more.This is a safety net, if in the process of laying tile will crack.After a week of this tile can not be on sale: end, or will the new party, which shade is slightly different from the old one.So it is better to ensure the availability of spare material.
immediately acquire all the decor elements: borders, tiles, pattern, framing elements, and more.
Brand glue depends on the brand of ceramic tiles.The general rule of only one thing: if laid in areas with high humidity levels, the gain adhesive for wet areas, and if laid in the open air, - glue for exterior use.
Layout floor before mounting ↑
Before laying the tiles on the floor, be sure to do the floor layout.
most optimal option would be to draw a diagram of the layout on a piece of paper or use a special computer program to see the final result.So it will be clear what you need to cut the tiles, a number of tiles in a row, as the picture looks, and more.
- To transfer marks on the surface of the floor, remove all the baseboards, trims and door jambs.
- measure the length of the walls and outlines the middle of each.
- then take a cord, rub it with chalk, pulls between marks on opposite walls and release.The floor should get a center line connecting wall.
- Using marker string envisage longitudinal and transverse centerlines.
Important!If you plan to laying tile on the floor on the diagonal, then you need to schedule more and diagonal lines.Connecting Cord opposite corners of the room and planned line.The point of intersection of axial and diagonal lines should get one, it means that we did everything right.
Focusing on the planned line, decompose tile "to dry" in order to visualize the location of the drawing.At this point, you can adjust the initial installation option: cut the tiles to hide under the furniture, the central elements of decor tiles surround the whole.If satisfied with the results, remove the tile and proceed to its installation.
technology laying tile on the floor ↑
- First prepare the adhesive mixture according to package directions.To do this, go to sleep dry component in the water and knead drill with mixing attachment.Solution do not do a lot at once, as he quickly begins to "fasten."
- Getting laid is always with a whole tile.It is better to start from a corner, which is easily visible, and move toward the door.
- Apply glue to the area where the tiles will be laid.Using a notched trowel, level solution.
Important!Do not just cover a large area of adhesive.It is enough to put on the site where it will be located one tile.When laying a skilled master, then you can cover the adhesive immediately 1 m2.
- Put the tile adhesive.Aligns her rap rubber mallet, since the mid-tiles and moving to the edges.Check the horizontal stacking level and correct by pressing the right places.
- Remove excess adhesive along the edges with a spatula, and we put a new piece of adhesive for the next tile.
- Puts second tile.Again, we align, rap, check the levelness.In addition, be sure to monitor the location of the tiles on the same level.If the second tile above the first, rap, and press down until the excess glue does not come out at the edges.If the second following the first tile, remove it and add a little glue.
- between tiles insert special plastic dividing crosses.
- Puts all the tiles on the algorithm: caused glue, put the tile, giving a hand, check the level, finished off a rubber mallet, remove the excess glue from the front side of the tile, set the dividing crosses, remove excess adhesive along the edges with a spatula.
- Clipped tiles laid in the last turn.If need be, cut them again, already taking into account the exact size of the plot.
- day later take out the dividing crosses, when the adhesive has already been partially polymerized.
- only after complete drying of the adhesive can begin grouting.
Grouting between tiles ↑
Cooking composition for grouting, knead it until a thick paste.
With a rubber spatula fill the joints between the tiles trowelling compounds.Then we collect the excess composition, using the same spatula.Repeat the procedure.
Wait for grouting composition is partially polymerized, it will take about an hour.
Important!With pre-wash the tiles should not delay.Since later dried grout does not get removed from the surface without damaging the front side of the tile.
a coarse sponge dipped in warm water and remove it from the tile surface residues of adhesive and grout composition.
An hour after that clear the tiles rigid sponge and dry flannel cloth.
How many tiles on the floor dries ↑
Drying time ceramic tiles range from 24 hours to 7 days and depends on the characteristics and circumstances of glue laying.
most optimal temperature for laying tile 20 ° C and humidity of 60%.Under these conditions, the adhesive dries within 24 hours.Yet even in such ideal conditions, grouting is better to start no earlier than 36 hours.
If, during tile substrate temperature was +5 ° C and below, the adhesive may solidify and more than 7 days.To expedite this process, need to be equipped with additional heating base.Because as long as tile adhesive is dry, grouting can not start.
In conditions of high humidity for a long time as the glue dries.This should be considered.For example, even if the installation took place in the summer heat on the sunny site, but after 4 hours the rain, tiles exposed to water, the period of the glue runs.
After drying tile adhesives and grouts floor can be used.Prior to this introduction and to place heavy furniture is not necessary.
Laying tiles on the floor: the video ↑
laying ceramic tiles on the floor, from surface preparation and finishing grouting, will take at least one and a half months.But the result will please you for many years.