Stairs to the attic - how to choose the right design and produce installation

By Admin | Garden And Buildings / Construction And Repair
21 May 2016

Attic - a necessary attribute of any house.The house in which there is an attic, partially loses its appeal.Attic, a kind of family archives, can be used in different ways: put it seasonal items (such as sledge summer and flippers in the winter), to arrange a warehouse of what "might come in handy someday," equipped with a games room and a workshop for the home owner.But, in any case, the attic should be mandatory and, therefore, it must keep a staircase.Traditionally it is believed that this staircase to the attic should cause a whole range of feelings and emotions associated with secrets and riddles (for this for years, you can not remove her web), be sure to have a squeaky step, but can be limited and a simpler version.

Content

What are the considerations in choosing to start construction?↑

In general, all attic stairs easily divided into fixed and folding of v

arious modifications: two-section folding, three-four-part sliding attic stairs and ladders equipped with an electric drive.

View attic stairs depends on a number of factors to consider when choosing.The first factor - the availability of free space.If the area of ​​the room allows, you can install a ladder to the attic the same as the other staircase in the house - from the same material, in the same style, the same size.In this case, it will not be disturbed the harmonious unity of the design and interior of the house that for many owners, especially the owners, is the determining factor.

Fixed ladder
ladder corresponding to the general design of the house, looks good, but takes a lot of space

If space is not too much and wants to make room for something more important than a ladder, you can use more democratic optionsFor example, set the folding attic stairs.These stairs do not have such an external monumentality and rock-solid as stationary, but they are no less reliable and safe, and in some cases are the ideal solution, for example, if a family has young children, who have nothing to do in the attic for their own safety.

And immediately the question arises - who will use the stairs more often?If this will be the elderly, it will automatically increase the requirements for comfort and safety ladder.In addition, it should give the impression of a solid and reliable, even a cursory examination.If children are present, then care should be taken to restrict the possibility of unauthorized access to the stairs to the attic and, as the security rules normally observed in the house, often unwittingly violated in those areas that are from time to time.

Types unsteady attic stairs ↑

folding attic stairs with his hands - be feasible subject to the availability of certain construction and engineering skills.However, many manufacturers offer such structures already in finished form, and their prices are quite affordable, so the choice depends on the owner of the house.

retractable ladder to the loft have one important advantage - they absolutely do not violate the interior of the house because they are not visible, they are hidden in the attic of the hatch.This remarkable feature immediately appreciated designers who are free from the problem of decoration and finish this part of interior decoration of the house.

Attic stairs
Perhaps this staircase and serves as a decoration of the room, but it is hidden in the hatch of the attic after use

One of the modifications of folding ladders is sliding ladder to the attic, which makes sense to use, where not enough space even for a compact folding.If conventional folding ladder sections consist of 3-4, the slide consists of two and is therefore even more compact.The producers claim that this has no effect on its quality, durability, reliability and safety.These ladders are ideal for cottages and for those cases where there is no need for constant access to the attic.

In modern homes as the entrance to the attic is seldom used attic door - is inappropriate in terms of the efficient use of space.Much more convenient and practical loft hatch with a ladder attached to it in such a way that the ladder is folded and hidden in the ceiling.

Sunroof attic stairs
welded to the top of the attic hatch ladder is compact and after using hidden in the ceiling

Important!Hatch to the attic with staircase necessarily need to insulate, because the probability of the loss of heat through it is quite high.In addition, no extra precaution is to install the lock on the hatch to outsiders could not get into the attic of the house or in a house with an attic.

Features installation technology ↑

It so happens that none of the options offered by manufacturers for some characteristics not satisfied with the owner and then the only way out is self-installing attic stairs, but it will be exactly as you need.

In fact, the attic stairs with their hands - not such an impossible task for a person having a specific construction skills.In the calculation of the ladder should be considered:

  • distance between rungs: a large distance between the steps it much more difficult climbing stairs, too small to make it not only inconvenient, but also dangerous;
  • strength of lateral and vertical beams, which determine what kind of load can withstand the staircase;
  • angle at which the staircase will be installed (the best is the angle of 60-75 degrees).By increasing the angle of the ladder no longer be comfortable and safe, with a decrease will take up considerably more space and can not fit in the space allotted to it.

To assembly attic stairs passed quickly and without trouble, you need to prepare the necessary tools and materials:

  • special foam;
  • well tested protractor;
  • set of wrenches;
  • hacksaw;
  • set screws;
  • screwdriver.

stairs to the attic with his own hands must meet certain requirements and it is necessary to remember during operation, since the safety of its operation depends largely on the implementation of these standards, and in case of failure to blame but themselves, no one will.So, stairs to the attic, made with his own hands, should be:

  • durable and safe.If possible, it would be nice to equip it with additional handrails, railings and studs on the steps;
  • convenient and easy to use that it can be used by all those who have a good reason to climb into the attic (with the exception of small children without adults who do nothing in the attic);
  • ergonomic and compact, otherwise you can just set a fixed ladder and do not waste time and energy on useless and bulky structure;
  • fireproof.This moment is often overlooked when building a ladder of wood.

Folding, they are also folding attic stairs have another important characteristic: their design allows you to add or remove sections, depending on the height of the room, which is quite difficult to do with an installed stationary ladder.

For absolute and unconditional comfort ideal for attic stairs with electric drive, which is controlled by a remote control or a dedicated button on the switch.Furthermore, such ladders are usually made of metal, which greatly enhances their fire resistance.

All things considered and balanced approach to the choice of the attic stairs, its installation will not present too much difficulty.