Construction of country-2 3-storey townhouse mansion or even a small attic at home determines the need for construction of the ladder.The design provides a comfortable safe movement, simultaneously performs a decorative function.The natural demand for it is not only the aesthetics and reliability, but also an opportunity to create the optimum configuration.Because most prefer to install modular stairs to the second floor or in the attic: they comply with the list of consumer needs.Moreover, consisting of modules to build a simple architectural element can be without the services of builders.
reasons for the popularity - overview of benefits ↑
Modular ladders were invented in the 80s of the last century in Italy.After starting in the domestic ma
Reasonable explanation popularity incorporated in the list of benefits is:
- available formost citizens value;
- opportunity to install, build modular stairs with their hands, without having the skills and any experience;
- successful compatibility with an overwhelming majority of finishing materials and interior elements;
- opportunity to collect module straight, U-shaped, helical, angular and combines several design configurations;
- equipping the premises with all ceiling heights.
Modularity allows owners to choose the best in their view option handrails and other elements in a number of modifications to vary the height of the steps, adjusting the size of athe physical parameters of the users.
Variety of designs and different ways to build ↑
stylish, you might say, elegant, modular stairs for a country house - the best option, combining strength with a reasonable savingsspace.Universal system suitable for resettlement as presentable living rooms and utility rooms.They attract simple design and uncomplicated mounting technology.
What is a modular staircase?↑
«modular» - defining word, clearly characterizes the concept.Going from nesting- modular parts, the first and last of which are attached to the floors and take care of all the hardships of the main load.Between them is a solid metal frame (chain or spinal kosour), it is intended for installation steps.
Notice.On attached to the base or to the landing module, be sure to first set "guiding" stage.
Calculation of secondary modules is made on the basis of the value of interstorey distance, geometric parameters of structures and specified angle, according to which will be the installation of modular staircases with U-shaped, straight or angular geometry.The height of the helical structures are calculated based only on the performance of the distance between the beams.
Module types and their differences ↑
to perform modular pipe connections used heavy-duty steel alloys.In fact, the most important stage - construction of the frame, that is, consistent installation, alignment and careful mounting of modular components and supports in a kind of "backbone".To properly mounted frame attached stage for the production of which is used as a high-priced and cheaper grades of wood.Then mount balusters and handrails, they may also be made of expensive materials or budget.
quality of modular staircases ensures longevity of service facilities and operational safety.This process requires scrupulous observance applied to the finished set of instructions and responsible performance.There are three types of modules for the construction of staircases, depending on which running assembly and connection.
- Cast or welded unit, on two opposite sides of which are arranged pipes of different diameters and different heights.After combination of long tube of one module with a short tube the next element, and placing it in the desired position Connect users fixed by tightening the screws.
- module consisting of two separate components: the weldment with two short tubes on each side and a long tube equipped with a flange (flat plate) for fixing stage.On the bridge parts with two side pipes have holes for tightening bolts.In most cases under the scheme is constructed modular spiral staircase as rotate relative to each other such modules can be, somehow.
- module of a large number of individual elements, without welds.Details are interconnected via rods, threaded studs.This is the most difficult to install option, but the most aesthetically pleasing, since all hardware is hidden inside kosoura.
There are wooden modular, symmetrical components of which are equipped with two side holes for mounting them in a metal stud.
Forms supports modular stairs ↑
Universal modular metal ladders must be supported, as that applicable:
- intermediate pipe-rack rests on the ground, they are placed every 4 - 7 modules, depending on the design features;
- brackets, fastening them to the supporting wall is made.
support can not be used only when one edge of the stage props to the wall to which it is attached by means of brackets or anchor.
delve into the details of installation work ↑
choosing modular stairs for the cottages, the owners mostly prefer the helical structures, takes a minimum of storage space.The technique of construction can not be called a very simple, but knows how to use the tool head and the instruction to deal with people in the state assembly.However, for the assembly would need a partner.The sequence of operation:
- determine the location of the central support, which is a vertical rod.To do this, pull the cord diagonally in the opening two upper floors, which should lead to the staircase.From their point of intersection of a plumb line down, it will indicate the place of installation thrust flange (II structure).
- Mount thrust flange, the center of which shall coincide with the point found.Fixation is made to the accompanying set of screws through the holes designed for them.
- define the position of the first "guide" stage, placing it first on the floor.After that step is necessary to put on a fixed flange, together with the already established her balusters.Then insert a central support-rod into the flange through the first stage.
attention.Vertical installation of the central rod should be checked after mounting the first and each subsequent stage.
- next step on the vertical rod should be put on and help pull down partner, located in the opening overlap.Further in the same sequence.All the steps necessary to firmly tighten nuts at the locations specified by the manufacturer.
- completed the installation of all the number of steps to mount the rod landing and fasten it to the wall opening.
- Finishing Touches - fastening elements fences, handrails and decor, if available.
compact modular ladder photo exhibit in different variations.There is, perhaps, all these facilities, which are impossible to equip with them.Thoroughly the sections instructions provide reliable solid staircase his country house could be anyone.