autumn, when the harvest has long collected and colorful jars of jams and pickles decorate the shelves in the closet, it's time to worry about the preparation of the site.Properly organized care for fruit trees in the garden and greenhouse autumn work will ensure the future of a rich harvest.For the successful "winter" necessary to carry out a number of major works, with each stage of the technology which offers more detail available.
Video: Tips for autumn work in the greenhouse ↑
Cleaning "covered" area ↑
establishment of order in the greenhouse can be started immediately after the last collection in this season of harvest.It is important to have time to carry out the work before the frost, because the frozen ground is less soft and pliable.
building a large part of the remains of plants, it is desirable to replace the top layer of soil.This will prevent the proliferation of weeds inside the greenhouse in the following season.To do this, remove the layer of soil with a shovel depth of 5-7 centimeters.You can use this land, its cycling in the regeneration of the beds for planting onions or garlic in the open field.
If you remove a layer of the earth struck by illness or "rich in" pest, it has to be decontaminated, spent lime.To do this, open area in the garden in layers spread the soil and sprinkle with the expectation of 150 g of lime per 1 sq.m of soil.Laid out in a manner layers of leaves in winter, and in spring and again carefully shovel used to everything beds.
If you clean the area of the plant "garbage" - a simple task to get rid of harmful insects - work,It requires more effort.The larvae of the May beetle and wireworms, who took refuge under a layer of soil in anticipation of warming and new plantings, can deliver a lot of trouble in the coming season.These harmful insects prefer to dwell in the thick soil.Therefore, the best way to get rid of them - dig up the beds, sow the ground, and by the pests by hand.
disinfection of greenhouse soil ↑
Disinfect the surface of the soil is carried out at a temperature of + 10 ° C, which is considered optimal for maximum effect.Annual processing of land can get rid of established disease-causing pathogens soil.
Many gardeners in pest control using folk remedies.For the treatment of soil they use infusions of plants that have the ability to kill pathogens tobacco, mustard, garlic.
If we consider the means of combating chemical-based components, for the treatment of soil "illnesses" can be used for years and proven effective methods:
- Sera against spider mites.
to fight this pest, as well as other bacterial infections and mold good result gives the room fumigation with sulfur or sulfur checkers.The required amount of the substance is taken with the expectation that 1 cubic meter of 150 grams of powder is enough.To increase the effectiveness of the procedure, all the frame members greenhouses carefully sealed, zakonopachivaya slots and pre-sprayed with water.Since the gas produced is dangerous not only for the mite, but also for human health, fumigation design should be wearing the protective equipment and gas mask.
filling the greenhouse sulfur fumes, should be closed tightly and leave it for two or three days.Then you can just ventilate the area and clean the glass surface of the structure.
- Malathion from blackleg.
For the procedure powder diluted in water, taking per 10 liters of water 90 grams of powder.This amount is enough disinfectant for the treatment of 1 cubic meter of soil.It is sprayed on the soil surface and then dug processed beds.The solution of such concentration can also be used in the fight against root-knot nematode.
- Karbation by malicious clubroot
Get rid of clubroot, bringing great harm green areas, the surface can be treated with a solution of karbationa.To do this, 500 grams of powder diluted in 10 liters of water.Diluted solution sprayed on the surface or uniformly distributed using a watering can with a spray.
Wash the walls of the carcass structure ↑
After conducting any treatment with chemicals is necessary to ventilate the room and wash the inner walls of the structure.Sink walls perform better in two stages: first wash, using either soap and water solution, and the second time - with clean water.Clean the glass surface of the greenhouse can use baking soda and mustard.
highly undesirable, especially with polycarbonate, to use aggressive detergent compositions and hard brushes, which can only damage the inner wall surface.
If the design is equipped with a film coating, which at the end of the season are removed from the carcass washing of the film can be done with soapy waterbefore the withdrawal.After that it must be thoroughly dried and folded before the spring in a warm dry place.
frame greenhouses treated with a solution of bleach, breeding rate of 10 liters of water 400 grams of powder.The solution before use is necessary to insist at least 4 hours.Metal elements of the frame, and pour over boiling water pipe connections, and wooden slats - 10% copper sulfate.The same solution can be treated shelves, containers for seedlings and garden tools.
digging and fertilizing the soil ↑
to fill the beds of the upper layer using the fertile layer of soil.
an average of 2 square meters of soil requires 1 bucket of natural fertilizer.It is distributed over the surface of the beds, and dug, buried at the bayonet spade.
can enrich the soil, using fertilizers.Depending on the soil composition and requirements for the cultivation of certain crops in the ground in the required proportions make superphosphate and potassium sulfate.Moisten the soil in the spring to help snow "cap" that can bring in the winter in a greenhouse and put the garden beds.
Construction of props to strengthen the framework ↑
Since the bearing capacity of most greenhouse does not exceed 500 kg / sq m, and the weight of the snow drifts accumulating on the roof construction may reach about a ton, it is necessary to provide for additional backup facilities.Some models are equipped with special prefabricated removable arches that in the winter time frame props.
retaining structures and very easy to make.
number of backups depends on the size of the greenhouse: everything for greenhouse length of 6 meters will take at least 3-4 supporting structures.
treated walls greenhouses, enriching the soil structure and strengthening the roof and walls of the structure, you can be sure that now it is not afraid of no snow, no wind, and the plants sown in spring will enjoy friendly shoots and plentiful harvest.