The fact that water is needed in the country, to convince anyone not needed.This is so obvious.And because we immediately have a detailed look at how to make the water supply in the country with their own hands, in view of its use in different seasons.We consider separately the summer and winter water pipes, water intake talk about the devices, as well as provide a list of necessary tools.
wells and boreholes ↑
The first step is to choose a water source.The cheapest and easiest way to ensure fresh water garden is the construction of the well.It may have a different depth.It all depends on the depth of groundwater.Basically it does not exceed fifteen meters, but because of the well construction cost with minimal effort.However, such a construction provides
more acceptable option of building sand wells, the depth of which depends on the aquifer can range from 15 to 30 meters.Such construction
per hour can produce about 1.5 cubic meters of water, enough for a small house.
sand drilling wells is carried out by a screw - the rock is removed to the surface.This typically takes 3 to 5 days.However, in a sandy aquifer contains a lot of clay and sand, and in this case because the filtration equipment required.
The best way to water is a borehole.Water from it rises under pressure.Such a well may produce about 10 cubic meters of water per hour.In this situation certainly cased use of metal pipes.The life of a well is about fifty years.
summer water with their hands ↑
Let us first consider the water supply in the country, which will be operated only in the summer time.Use this water for watering the plants in the country, connecting the soul of summer and ongoing household needs.In winter, its operation is not available.Summer water supply in the country can be both permanent and collapsible.
most common is the water pipes (tubes) which lie directly on the ground.Make such electricity from simple rubber or silicone tubing, connected to one another adapters.Connection adapter is on sale, they are made of galvanized steel or plastic.In trade there are also special latches on the one hand, in which "ruffs" where wear hose, and on the other hand a comfortable resilient connector.These latches can connect and disconnect in a single movement.They are quite capable of providing a reliable joint.Note that when buying rubber hoses should be taken with thick walls, which are reinforced with kapron fibers.Of course, plastic water pipe in the country will be cheaper, but such hoses will last longer - 15 years, at least.
For permanent summer water pipes must be laid in the ground and on the surface of the display hydrants.In this case, you just a little bit to fill the pipe underground, so as not to trip over them and for safety against theft.
main drawback of a permanent summer water - the need to respect the slope to the point of connection - to the main highway.At the lowest point of the water pipe is placed drain valve to drain the water in the winter.Otherwise, the water may freeze and break the pipe.
Winter holiday water ↑
Now on to the more solid and capital schemes.Let's start with a description of the winter running water.Winter does not mean that it can be used only in the winter, just in the title implies that the water held on permanent basis and it can be operated at any time of the year.
to supply water from the well, it is better to use a submersible pump.Its power is selected depending on the depth at which the water will be supplied.For the well to a depth of ten meters is quite a small "trickle" or "Aquarius".If the water will be supplied from a well, you'll have to buy a more powerful pump, which will cost considerably more expensive.
Due to the fact that during installation the winter running water pump to be connected to a voltage source acceptable combination cabling and plumbing in a single casing of plastic sewer pipes.It is a good protection against freezing and mechanical damages.
Laying water pipe, plastic ↑
for laying water pipe, you can use plastic pipes with connections to solder or special plastic fittings.For connections to use a special soldering electrosolderers.It is worth it is not very expensive, besides in specialized stores often offer such soldering rental.For the installation of the pipeline, a soldering iron is required not more than one day.Connections on the fittings perform the "bare hands" without soldering.For an ordinary garden, quite suitable pipe diameter of 20 or 25 millimeters.
when laying water pipe tube to be placed below the frost line.The value of this quantity for each climatic zone can be found in special directories.
But often, not to dig too deep trench, use one of the following methods:
- Absorb laid at a depth of 60 centimeters tube 20-30 cm layer of insulation foam crumbs furnace slag, expanded clay, etc.The main condition is that the bad insulation absorbs moisture, and was strong enough.
- insulated pipe insulation system consisting of special insulation and casing made of corrugated polyethylene.With this system it is possible to make the depth of the trench is significantly smaller (about 30 centimeters).
- Route heating cable, which allows to lay the pipe at all on the surface.But I have much to pay for electricity.
Note that the trench should be close to home at a right angle, because the need to undermine the foundation, which is fraught with its draft and the formation of cracks in the wall.
connect the pump to the water supply ↑
To connect the pump to the water near the well you need to make a pit with a depth of one meter, and the size of 70x70 centimeters.The walls of the pit lay out a brick or reinforce other means, such as antiseptic-impregnated boards.The bottom of the pit correct to pour concrete or in extreme cases to fill with gravel and compacted.
The pit output and fix a water pipe with a "ruff" for fastening the hose that goes from the pump, as well as electrically.The function of the pit is that if necessary, can easily detach and remove the pump.Pit insulated to prevent freezing of water in the hose pump.
To connect the pump set Weatherproof outlet or use a sealed connector, better known as the "male-female".The main condition is that the pump thus can be safely connected and disconnected even if the cable will be energized.Water-folding device
with how to make water supply in the country, we decided.Now a closer look at the water intake devices.For use in the streets should be fine bronze or cast iron gate valves, as well as conventional cranes Crane Books.
ball valves have an attractive appearance, but using them is not desirable when the tap for a long time in the open position, or vice versa - is closed, as well as major temperature fluctuations and the impact of rainfall - these cranes can quickly fail.
most difficult element of the aqueduct is a water intake unit, which is located outdoors or in an unheated room.To him it imposes special requirements, because he has to work at low temperatures.Typically, a standpipe.Lack of speakers - the complexity and high cost of installation.
simplified scheme of the aqueduct ↑
There is a simple circuit water system, which is far from perfect, but can also be recommended for cottagers.Driving device with a so-called crane drainer shown in Fig.
principle of operation is quite simple and straightforward.In the lower part there is an additional sink, which has a very small hole, pick up empirically.Typically, the hole diameter of one millimeter.When the valve is in the closed position, the water that fills the "jib" on the opening flows into the pit and did not have time to freeze.When the valve is in the open position, some of the water, too, is in the pit, and there is absorbed into the ground, but as the diameter of the hole is very small, the main flow of water goes through the hydrant.In the summer, the drain valve is fully overlap, "winter" valve remains open, and used only the "old."
This scheme running water in the country has a lot of shortcomings, among which are the two main ones: the constant moisture in the pit, and the loss of water.But thanks to the simplicity and reliability of this construction is actively used in the cottages.
Tools for mounting ↑
To install the water supply system in the country will need the following tools:
- cutter for cutting pipes
- sets gas and wrenches
- Set of keys
order not to rip off the skin of palms when tightening fittings using ordinary pipe wrench number two.Earthmoving useful good shovel with a small crowbar.
Finally, we note that the first thing you need to perform a breakdown of the future route running water on the ground, you need to measure and calculate the number of taps, tees, angles, pipes, etc.
Well, if you are interested in a fixed, well-functioning water system, see video: