Country land without water - a small desert.No flowerbed break or build a swimming pool or other usual and just needed to man the benefits of civilization, related to water.The yield in this situation can be only one - well in the country with their own hands, or under the order.It all depends on whether you have the money and desire to work.If energy and enthusiasm fully, such a troublesome task, the device well in the country, will help you on the shoulder.Let's look at what all can be well and what is the difference between them.
types of wells for independent water supply ↑
simplest Abyssinian well ↑
This pile borehole or well-needle, which can be drilled by yourself.It is suitable for the area in which the aquifer at the depth of 3-12 m. It is important to close (within a radius of 30 meters from the well) did not have septic tanks, cesspools, septic tanks, landfills and other polluting sources.
need for such a well pipe, Drop filter borer, a grandmother podbabkom, clamp.Buryat well in the yard and in the basement of the house.Then you can enjoy the water even in the winter.And if the outlet and the pump and put a hand column, you can provide yourself with water, even in moments of lack of electricity.
Saving sand wells ↑
This well is drilled for the extraction of water from the sandy aquifer, which is usually located at a depth of 50 m. The volume of extracted water is enough for one section.But the quality of the water should be checked periodically.
also important, and the above rule about the need to distance the well from the sources of groundwater contamination.Filter for rough water treatment, located in the lowest part of the well must be regularly cleaned.The life of a well - 10-15 years.
Artesian well - the long-term operational ↑
In areas where there is a limestone formation, possibly to extract water from it.The presence of such a formation can be found either at the neighbors (whether there are artesian wells in the area?), Or to order an experimental well by specialists.Self-drill a well does not work, because the depth of the water-bearing limestone formation - 30-200 m. Check the relevant papers from the experts - it is quite expensive.But providing on your site like the flow of water, you can be sure that your children and grandchildren have water problems will not be.For pumping water from a well needed caisson metal tank, which is installed in the pump and accumulator.In the underground water pipes can be carried into the house.Savings will be possible, if the drilling of wells in the country to raise funds from several suburban areas.Then the water from the well in the country will become not a dream but a reality.
How to drill a well in the country?↑
To ensure the water area is necessary to determine what amount of water (debit) interest you.If this is about 10 cubic meters.h, without the artesian well is necessary.If it is 1-1.5 cubic meters.per hour, you can stay at the Abyssinian wells and sand wells.Moreover, the drill can be their own.To learn how to do well in the country, and will be further discussed.
place for a well choose not too distant from home - no more than 3 m. Then it will be easier to build water supply.If the site has already been sand wells, the need to drill a new out of old.
home drillers What is needed?↑
for drilling with their hands need:
- rig - tripod of sturdy logs or metal pipes attached to it winch spuska-lifting drilling tools;
- drilling tool (includes columns for drilling, core barrel, 's drill rods);
- drill (for different types of soil-use drill bit, drill-spoon, Bailer, coil);
process of self-drilling ↑
in the space reserved for the well, dig a hole, the so-called pit whose size 1,5h1,5 m. To prevent obsypaniya wall sheathe their boards or plywood.Set Derricks (tripod).You can use ready-made, but you can make yourself three logs with a diameter of 15-20 cm. The attachment point of logs fixed winch.Column drilling can consist of three, four or more meter rods fastened thread (clutch) in a single tube and equipped with clamps for tripping.If the well is planned deep, you can do half meter rods without using a tripod.The diameter of the core barrel depends on the diameter of the pump of the future.The gap between them should be not less than 5 mm.Best suited pipe diameter 114 - 219 mm.
Drilling is carried rotationally by impact.To drill a well, we need the efforts of two people, which will turn the post.Stange turns pipe (gas) key one person, and the second hitting the hammer at the bar, knocking breed.An even more effective way: two scroll bar, and two using winches raise and lower it into the hole, punching breed.
on most rod you need to put the mark.After within 50-60 cm and a drill to pull clear of the ground.Drilling - the process by all dependent species s .Therefore, when drilling is necessary to use different types and drills.On reaching the water-containing layer will indicate the presence of moisture is removed from the well formation.When you reach the appropriate level of the well water is purified bailer and wash the pump from sand and solids.
equipment for an independent source of water ↑
equipment for wells need:
- casing (metal, plastic);
- hydroisolated cable;
- pipe or hose for lifting water;
Well equipped with a filter column, consisting of a filter casing.The filter is made from a casing by winding the filter mesh perforation.Is pumped through the casing and the water washed filter.
pump selected in advance.After all its dimensions must correspond to the diameter of the casing.Also, when selecting a pump, it is important to take into account a debit borehole depth of water, the load on the pump, which depends on the depth of the borehole and removing it from the house.If the depth of the well over 9 m, the well pump is used if less - then priming the surface.
submersible pump is lowered into the well attached to the tether or tube.The pump is secured the cable which must be water-resistant and water lifting tube (or hose).The diameter of such pipes may be 25, 40, 50 mm, depending on the debit wells.The pipe is displayed at the wellhead and is hermetically welded to the end walls of the box.Water flow is regulated by a valve, which is mounted on the pipe.Caisson with sides covered with earth.To get to the hole is now possible only through a hatch on the ground.Out of the box the trench water is carried into the house .
How to clean the well in the country?↑
long operation well over time leads to clogging.How do we know this?From the tap!Water flow is reduced, water comes out with air, jerky impurities present in the water, sludge and sand.If this time is not well, "treat", you have to dig a new one.How clean the wells?There are several.
by an air compressor.On the tube wells create a vacuum stopper.She is joined by the compressor and purge them well under high pressure.This method is good for cleaning the sludge.If the addition of silt present iron and lime deposits, the purge will be ineffective.
With water compressor.The well was washed under strong pressure of water.Effectively it is only against the mud and sand.
revolutionary method can be called by the explosion of a short circuit.To this end the cord is separated (2), a threaded plug (5) bare wires, pushing them and connect the thin filament of copper (2).This device is inserted into the bottle of medication (4), filled with its black powder (3) and sealed with a stopper.This device is lowered to the bottom well (1) by attaching sinker.The weights can be used as a piece of lead or steel pipe.Further, the plug (8) from the cord, connected to a network of 220 watts and immediately shut down.The well will be an explosion.It is safer to carry out similar experiments with half-full vial twice.If the water goes, you can stop, if not, then it is already full use vial.
with acid.After the well is purged with a compressor, it is poured acid.The method is very dangerous, so a person needs as much as possible to protect the face, eyes, wear a respirator.Since the acid is now the day the fire will not find people prilovchilis used for acid batteries.Once the wellbore was poured acid zakuporte it for a few days.After a time, again armed with the means of protection cap removed.By attaching a pump pumping water for 7 hours.After this procedure, you can drink it only after a month, and if earlier - the only after further filtration.
As you can see, the shortcomings in self-purification of wells weight.Therefore, in order and well maintained, and clean it as much as possible, use the services of professionals.Otherwise, you can use instead of harm, and the inexperience of the pipe to break."Miser pays twice", - says the proverb.Therefore it is better once in 10 years to pay professionals to clean up and repair of wells, than to dig a new one.