Each of us wants to make your home the best.This is not surprising, because it is the house we have a rest from the hustle and the race for success, it is here that we can easily communicate with their loved ones or good friends.But thrifty home care not only about the beauty of the interior.And here we have the support of scientific and technological progress, which allows you to combine comfort and savings.Here, for example, dimmer dimmer - putting it in place of the conventional switch, you can adjust the brightness of the lights in the apartment, saving up to 50%.
switch with dimmer - what is it?↑
What is a dimmer?The word derived from the English to dim, which translated into Russian means "obscure", and in our country like the words of foreign origin, it stuck.After all, "dimmer" soun
Dimmer can be used as a conventional switch (if it is set to maximum brightness of lighting), but most of the dimmer is used to vary the brightness of the lamps.Low voltage lighting is soft, not cutting the eye, which is very convenient if you have to get up at night to the child or leave the light in the hallway for the households that are returned late.The maximum voltage gives a bright light, in which you can receive guests or read.
intermediate transitions brightness can be set for different cases, such as when watching TV programs is not necessary to burn lamps at maximum brightness, on the contrary, it may even prevent it.But if you want to do homework, or want to play a board game (say, posobirat puzzles) is better to light was bright enough.Just adjust the dimmer comfortable transition from daylight to twilight, when the brightness of artificial light should increase gradually.
Classification of dimmers ↑
Depending on the type of lamps ↑
Dimmers are not the same, for example, they are different for different types of lamps:
- dimmer for incandescent lamps (using normal voltage of 220 V)
- dimmer for halogenlamps (two types used at a voltage of 220 V and a voltage range from 10 to 24)
- dimmer for LEDs and fluorescent lamps
- dimmer for energy saving lamps (not for all types)
order not to make a mistake in choosing the rightdimmer, carefully select the lamp for lamps, especially energy saving - these are just some of dimming lamps support.In fluorescent and energy-saving lamps, allowing the use of a dimmer switch, there is a special designation (marking).
most commonly used dimmers for conventional incandescent lamps, halogen and LED lamps, because in these cases, in addition to the convenient use of the dimmer light effects and give more tangible energy savings.By the way, except for special (focused on a certain type of light) dimmers, there are universal, themselves selected the desired type of dimming.However, professionals believe that the universal dimmers are less reliable.
for low-voltage halogen lamps required step-down transformer.And for different types of transformers are suitable only certain dimmers, so when choosing a dimmer in this case must be very careful.For wound transformers should be used with dimmer labeled RL, electronic - dimmer marked C. Of course, there are dimmers with built-in transformers, but they are best suited to the system of "smart home".In the usual case it is much better to use a separate transformer (located in the vicinity of a halogen lamp) and dimmer, which is located far enough away from the lamp.And another little secret - if the halogen lamp is constantly working at reduced brightness, it begins to darken the glass.In this case, turn on the lamp at full power for at least 10 minutes with the glass clean, and you can again reduce the brightness.
Use caution when dimming fluorescent lamps.On line LL is required to install an electronic control gear (ECG).But compact LL often already available with built-in ballast, and are well suited for conventional dimmers for incandescent lamps.But it is better to check is in the compact fluorescent lamp ballast or not.
Even just a few years ago it was thought that the dimmer for the LED lamps can not be used.But progress does not stand still, now on the market it is possible to find LED bulbs with dimmable and dimmer for LED strips or lamps.So everything is in your hands - LED lighting with adjustable brightness is not uncommon.
division by type of housing ↑
Besides division into groups according to type of lamp dimmers are distinguished also by the type of body (method of installation):
- wall (monoblock)
- instrument (installation in mounting box)
- shield (Modular)
Wall dimmers designed to replace ordinary switches.That is, in principle, the dimmer has the same shape and size as the switch, and is used in the same manner.
Instrument dimmers are installed in the wiring box or ceiling.In the second case operated via remote control.
Finally, modular dimmers mounted on a DIN-rail in a power switchboard.These dimmers are mainly used for lighting in the hallway or in the stairwell.Can be managed as a specially handed down button and control.
criterion - a method of controlling ↑
Since dimmers produced enough varieties, they can be divided and control method, which are usually a wall dimmer:
- Rotary (Rotary)
- keyboard (push)
Rotary dimmers are all switch, and the rotation is set at the moment the desired brightness of the lighting.Keyboard dimmers are regulated by pressing in touch dimmer brightness setting comes with a touch panel.
Another interesting addition to this classification will be dimmer with remote control - usually dimmer with infrared or radio-controlled remoteremote control.This dimmer is classified as "wireless light switch" and can be installed as a wall and as an appliance or a shield.Those who are interested for a dimmer control, it should be remembered that the IR is valid only when the dimmer line of sight at a distance of no more than 7 meters.When you have the opportunity to send a radio signal through a variety of obstacles, even through a wall.It is very convenient if the dimmer is in the switchboard.
use and installation of dimmers ↑
When using dimmer at home (and not only) under the greatest convenience is the ability to connect to a single dimmer as one and group fixtures, as long as they belonged to the same species.That is, you can set the dimmer switch on lamps in the bedroom, or connect it to the ceiling and wall lights in the living room or hallway.And using a remote control to adjust the brightness of the lighting.
If dimmers used in the system of "smart house", it is possible to set a timer, and another program, which itself will see to it that the light just turns on or off, as well as a decrease in the increase of brightness.
Several dimmers installed can be combined on one console, then it is possible to vary the lighting of several zones (combined luminaire groups).Such zones may be from two to six, so one center combine all lamps Improvement home or apartment.
addition to the usual coverage to which we have long been accustomed to using dimmers can make the interior of the apartment more original using accent lighting various corners of the room (when sharing a large room into several zones for different purposes, such as the living room is often divided on the couch for a small companyand the center, where they take a large number of guests).Or select the most interesting details of the interior - paintings decorative lighting, indoor plants, collections and the like.Playing with light, talented designers can change the visual impression of the room depending on the time of day or the upcoming event.The same room is a bright and festive reception hall, a dance floor, or with subdued lighting and soundlights for youth parties, or common room for family viewing TV.
That's not the most sophisticated device allows you to make housing more comfortable and original.In addition, you may well mount dimmer hands.Especially if you already have experience of installing conventional switches or sockets.The system is quite simple, you need only follow the scheme correctly and connect the wires.However, many prefer to be invited to such activities specialist who certainly will make everything right.
most often use the services of professionals in the more complex wiring diagrams, for example, to install a dimmer for multiple fixtures or devices of different lighting zones.Connect the dimmer lighting system, and enjoy the new comfort.