ceiling light magically transforms any room.Properly selected and expertly mounted lights ceiling lighting in the apartment are cozy and contribute to saving the family budget.In today's wealth of chandeliers consumers are not always able to orient yourself.Choose the most successful luminaires for ceiling will help this article.
Cable selection system↑
Lighting Installation of lighting in the apartment starts with drawings and calculations to determine the location of a point lighting fixtures and switches.Once the plan ceiling light is made, it should attempt to install wires for lamps.
Model section of the cable is the size of 1.5 millimeters square, is a maximum load of 4 kilowatts.Of course, it is unlikely to reach the house lights of this parameter because in this situation it is necessary to use both light bulbs
When you do not want to give the wire the extra money, we can calculate the cross section of the cable required in each case.If the zone is composed of three light fixtures with bulbs of 60 W, the total power of lamps reach 180 watts.It must be divided by 220. Now let's see what we can tell the result.
If the number is less than 10 turned out, the Lamp of the box you can put the cable with a cross section of 0.75 square millimeters.If less than 15 - section must be of a size of 1 mm square, and more than 17 - up to 2.5 millimeters square.In this case, it left 0,8 - means less than unity.Use solid or stranded cable - a private matter of each person.
Standard block diagram ↑
On the ceiling light is better to put some boxes, that there is less confusion and looked neater.The apartment comes with cable entry under the floor, and the house appears next to the door.The cable runs from it to the panel.Near the panel will be the first box, whose mission is to broadcast current boxes and other distribution unit for lighting the hall and kitchen.
second box is located at the entrance to a large room in the corridor, which runs from the chandelier in the room and bathrooms are translated into voltage.The third box is needed to service the bathrooms, storage rooms and a small corridor, as well as to translate the voltage to the remaining rooms.The child is the fourth box, switch services, and supplies power to the bedroom.The box in the bedroom is only required for servicing the switch and chandeliers.The remaining toilet and bathroom are powered by six boxes.
Terms installation switches ↑
switches of any type are always placed on the phase conductor.To switch fits only one cable which is inside the switch is opened and closed.It may seem that the two wires.However, the phase conductor forms a loop that is raised or lowered to the switch.The loop is cut at the top, and the ends are connected to the contacts or dimmer switch.
If you set the dimmer as the switch, you should look at its capacity.If your device has made the designation 300 W, it is designed for a chandelier that consists of five light bulbs, each 60 watts.There are dimmer with a capacity of 1000 watts for home use.With such a dimmer light level can be changed in several rooms.Dimmer is set in the same way as a simple switch, only contacts dimmer has an inscription which wire to any terminal connected.
Selection of lighting devices ↑
Each lamp consists of an electric light bulb character and reinforcement that is necessary for the conclusion of the bulb, its connection and lighting.What do you make lighting suspended ceilings - photo collection of lamps will help you to understand this!
Fixtures, fittings which are fixed directly to the ceiling, called the ceiling.Such devices are used to create the overall design of the ceiling lighting in the room.Ceiling lights are hanging, near-surface and built.
Pendant lights are placed at a certain distance from the ceiling.They are best suited for high rooms.These include suspensions, mnogolampovye chandeliers, lamp shades and other devices.
Near-surface light sources are fixed directly to the ceiling.They rank different kinds of ceiling light that is compact.They are especially good for small spaces like a hallway or bathroom.
Lighting suspended ceiling and stretch fabrics traditionally performed using the built-in fixtures.They can be installed at any location in the room to create the most spectacular light housing.
also growing in popularity spots - metal structures with halogen lamps that can be rotated to the side.Spot features easy mounting and for guiding the light flux on their own.
Popularity acquire spotlights, which can be installed in the eaves, stretch ceilings and indoor furniture.The majority of ceiling spotlights used for focusing light on the local surface.In our time, to single out one type of lamp that was considered to be more popular than others, because they all have advantages that make them attractive to citizens.
Luminaire: technology ↑
After the installation of the lighting made the ceiling, and switches and dimmers are installed, you can attach to the surface fixtures.For mounting spotlights need to cut drywall round hole using bits with varying blade diameter, then simply inserted into the light.This spring's feet need to stick with your fingers, pressing them to the body.
When the light will go deep enough into the fabric, the presser foot will press the lamp in place.Pre-need to attach the cable to the contacts.Most often used in everyday life spotlights labeled R80, R63, R50 and R39.Numbers indicate the size of lights corresponding to the diameter of the hole in millimeters.
his dwelling can be changed beyond recognition with the help of shift in space.An effective solution is considered to be the lighting of the ceiling of plasterboard with an LED backlight, which is different effect of "mute" to adjust the brightness depending on the mood and time of day the tenants.If the LED ribbon should be cut, it is necessary to remember that the cut is carried out in designated areas.If performed correctly, then back to weld tape is quite difficult.To achieve a uniform ceiling light, you need a good fix LED strip to the ceiling.
Regular chandelier is attached in two ways: hung on a hook and fasten with screws or dowels, nails.The plate, which is disposed within a decorative bowl, which closes the connection, there are holes.If the fixture is placed on the hook, you should use the special plugs that instead of the usual screws have a hook.When you need to install a massive chandelier, then use a metal anchor that has a diameter close to 8-10 millimeters and can withstand loads up to 80 kg.
Terms lighting arrangement ↑
Lighting apartment is local, shared and combined.Combining different types of fixtures, you can create zones with mild or intense uniform illumination.To verify this, type in the search engine "ceilings lighting" and analyze the proposed options.
In children's bedrooms, and is recommended to install a stream of lights with light directed upwards to create a soft lighting throughout the room.With the general lighting should be uniformly illuminate the entire room with the help of the most powerful and energy lamps that are suspended in the center of the ceiling.In general light lampshades can use a lamp with high power - up to 200 W or more, which have a total power of 300 watts.As a rule, mnogolampovye lamps have two categories of lamps included autonomously.
Lighting ceiling in the kitchen requires the creation of several groups, depending on how you executed the ceiling design.Normally this area is on the table, above the work surface and the lighting center of the kitchen.Devices lighting also decided to build in furniture.
hallway or corridor area are usually small, so coverage is not to cut the eyes and be overly bright, but to create a twilight is not worth it.Use the best LED lighting mounted in the ceiling and wall fixtures.If you decided to use the lamp in one instance, he should be well to emit light.
In the living room to create a local and general lighting to make changes to the interior with light conditions.For the reception area used by a general lighting chandeliers, ceiling and hanging lamps.Since the living room is known as a multipurpose room, its functional areas require using local light spots.
Thus, not so long ago it was thought that the ceiling lighting can be achieved only by means of chandeliers and wall lamps.However, thanks to new technologies, there are other solutions.In the future it will be possible that the scattered light is almost completely replace lamps and ceiling light.