Repair in the bathroom is one of the most time-consuming tasks.The reason for this lies in the fact that the bathroom is located communication pipe and constantly high humidity.Will have to do more than one obstacle, furnished floor, and use special water resistant material.In this article we'll show you how to make the bathroom floor aesthetic, durable and protect themselves from flooding and neighbors.
device bathroom floor ↑
There are various options for arrangement of floors in the bathrooms.This depends on the subfloor and many other factors.Almost all the apartments of apartment buildings of our Motherland device floor in the bathroom can be a cak
- concrete floor slab - the initial basis.
- rolls or fusing waterproofing.
- concrete screed thickness of about 5 cm - in the old Soviet buildings it is made not too accurately.
- Again waterproofing - at this stage it can be lubricative or painting.
- Levelling - from cement-sand mixture or a modern self-leveling mixture.
- Flooring: different tiles, wood, waterproof laminate, cork flooring, linoleum, self-leveling floor.
relative newcomer is the system "warm floor", which can also be installed in the bathroom.It is mounted on the stage of leveling screeds, and make your stay in the bathroom even more comfortable.This scheme of arrangement the floor in the bathroom is universal.For its high-quality implementation must be responsibly and diligently perform the following milestones.
Preparation roughing the surface ↑
If you do the repair in a residential apartment, first remove any old flooring.If it was linoleum, then to hook it with a spatula or knife and tear off.But most of the bathrooms on the floor tile was packed, so that without the gun can not do.Divide the tile and remove all residues.During the dismantling of tiles or other types of tiles, is likely to be broken tie: there will be cracks, splits, it might crumble altogether.
is therefore desirable to remove the tie, too.We have before us must be brought concrete base in all its glory.Sweeping up all debris out of the bathroom, and then a vacuum cleaner to get rid of the dust particles.At this stage it is necessary to close up all cracks and holes that are visible to the naked eye, so they do not increase further.You can use the "tile" glue.
If settling floor apartment "after construction", the preparatory work will be less, because do not need to delete anything.The concrete floor must be cleaned of dust, dirt and seal the cracks visible.
Waterproofing bathroom floor ↑
Before you apply a waterproofing, the surface should pogruntovat.Therefore we handle floor primer, thereby improving the adhesion of the waterproofing material to the floor surface.
choosing material for waterproofing, should be guided by those at which stage it is applied and how much of the surface we want to isolate.
If we have emblazoned floor slab and not a concrete floor, then to start taking roll or surfaced waterproofing .You can use mastic asphalt and well the whole surface, cracks and joints with walls, making them overlap at least 25 cm.
on a concrete floor can be applied obmazochnuyu the painting or waterproofing.And if you plan to insulate the walls, for example, at the junction shower or faucet, you should choose okleechnuyu waterproofing.
Application surface waterproofing ↑
- ready mix.To do this, go to sleep dry component into the container, pour the liquid component and stir.The ratio should be 1: 1, knead thoroughly until homogenous.
- with a roller Apply the mixture on the entire surface of the floor.In tight spaces and junctions with walls and utilities you can use a spatula or brush.Consumption is approximately 2 - 3 kg / m 3, but more precise figures on the packaging.
- in the joints and connections should be laid with waterproof tape.
- forming a "trough", which protects against water seepage through the walls.To do this in parallel with covered floor apply the mixture to the wall so that its upper edge extends above the level of the floor in the next 5 - 10 cm.
- waterproofing mixture is applied in two layers.After applying the first take a break of 4-6 hours.Then apply the next layer, wait for it dry.All subsequent operation resumes after a day at least.
Easy way to paint ↑
Paint method easier than lubricative.A significant drawback is its fragility.Average life painting waterproofing 3 - 5 years.
If you do decide to use this method, then applied with a brush or roller solution to the floor and walls.
Important!Waterproofing of the floor in a wooden house would require further action.To protect the wood from the effects of moisture on the draft floor is laid linoleum thin wall with an overlap of 5 - 10 cm. This will serve as an additional protection.
What you need to decide before pouring the floor ↑
Since you have decided to make the bathroom floor with his hands, it is possible that you want to move the toilet in another place, to equip a drain, so as not to flood the neighbors, or install the system "warm floor".Decide whether to take such structural changes should be at this stage.
If you plan to carry toilet , it is necessary to connect the pipe to the sewage system.To this tube to function properly, it must be placed at an angle.In this case, the general level of the floor will rise by at least 10-15 cm, a toilet have to be installed on a separate pedestal.Therefore, at this stage, we dismantle the old toilet, install a new location and connect to the sewer pipe.You can not yet install the toilet, only to mount the pipe.
equipment Photo also raise the level of the floor for a few centimeters, and for the same reason.Moreover, it will be necessary to fill the floor sloping to a drain so that water from the entire area of the bath was dripped thereto.Install the drain and install the outlet pipe.In the future it will be necessary to make sure that drain neck protruding above the screed.In the meantime, in order not to clog the pipe, it should temporarily shut anything, such as cloth.
Increasingly bathrooms mounted system "warm floor» .Tile is very cold to the touch, not too pleasant to stand barefoot on her in the morning after a warm cozy bed.A "warm floor" can provide a very comfortable feeling.In the bathroom, you can mount a water or electric floor.The system "warm floor", consisting of tubes through which passes hot water, is connected directly to the heating pipes, if any in the bathroom.Another way - to connect the pipes with hot water or heated towel rail.Despite the doubts of the masses, electric "warm floor" can also be safely stacked in the bathroom.The only downside of this choice is the high cost of energy, but the electric field is extremely simple to install.
Important!If you want to have in the case of flood water remained in the bathroom and flooded the whole apartment or a house, the bathroom floor needs to be done below the general level of the rest of the premises.The second option for solving the problem - to equip the high nut to prevent water from overflowing.
So before you pour the floor in the bathroom, install any additional communication and determines at what level should be the floor and nut.
Leveling floor - screed ↑
Align the floor in the bathroom is a must.Any floor covering, no matter what you choose, requires almost perfectly smooth base, especially if it will be tile.High-quality tie - a pledge of longevity and durability finish.That is why to this issue should be approached with great responsibility.
Previously, extra large there was no choice, and all performed floor screed of cement-sand mixture .Today, the market can offer a lot of building mixes on the basis of non-shrink cement , as well as other self-leveling mixture .All these options have the right to life.
Technology performance screed different materials are not too different and have the general structure:
- On the walls outline the extent to which we poured screed, given there if we have additional pipes that need to be hidden.For this we can use water or laser level.
- Set beacons at a distance of 1 m from each other.You can use the wooden sticks, metal corners, and you can buy a plastic T - shaped profile.Fix them in the mortar.To do this on the floor lay hillocks solution to which is added alabaster.We put beacons and constantly monitoring the horizontal level, dent in their solution.Beacons are aligned with the marks on the wall.
- Cooking screed mortar.This may be a traditional cement-sand mixture, and self-leveling, if the floor has a slight roughness.Knead them in a bucket using a drill.Abide in the box with self-leveling compounds.It follows that the amount of water was optimal.
- Fill the mixture to the top of the lighthouses.Self-leveling fill all the empty space without interference, and to align the use of the cement mixture rule.
- We put a rule, the length of which is at least 20 cm longer than the distance between the lighthouses, beacons to the strips.We pull it over, thereby filling the void, leveling and removing the excess solution extending beyond the lighthouse.
- To remove air bubbles in the self-leveling mixture is rolled on her spiked roller.
- Wait until screed is dry.The period depends on the quality and composition of the screed.It is important to follow the instructions and comply with the required indoor climate, avoiding drafts.
Important!If you decide to install electrical "warm floor", then the screed is made in two stages.Lighthouses, you can not install.Fill the first layer, wait for the complete drying.We put insulation and spread a "warm floor".Fill a second portion of the screed and leveling.
What flooring to choose?↑
leveled the tie on the floor surface can be placed at any floor finish.This will be the final stage of resettlement bathroom floor.
linoleum in the bathroom placed rare.Rather, it is an economy version, or temporary exit.Linoleum is very easy to lay, does not require any special care, easy to clean, is a waterproofing, but quickly "wiped off" and become unpresentable.
Cork flooring in the bathroom ensure maximum comfort.Cork is very pleasant warm to the touch, it is not possible to slip, but not so on the tile.Very good springs back to its original state.Besides, it does not absorb foreign odors and water, as well as resistant to the effects of pathogens, fungi on it simply do not breed.There is a very significant nuance.The ability to not only absorb the moisture has an array of cork flooring instead of on the basis of HDF.Should be chosen cork array 4 - 6 mm in thickness, adhered to the substrate.Another important advantage of cork floor are its natural, ecological and hypoallergenic.
self-leveling floor in the bathroom started to equip recently.Firstly, such a floor is easy to assemble.In fact, the last layer of leveling screed can be pouring self-leveling floor.Secondly, such floor itself is water repellent, the need for additional sealing disappears by itself.Third, the inlet temperature mode of operation allows you to mount directly to the floor in his system "warm floor".And one of the main advantages of the floor - a variety of patterns and colors.You can arrange the floor, imitating the natural stone, or use other decorative fillers.
But this technology has some disadvantages:
- necessary to prepare perfectly flat surface.
- Freshly mixture of highly toxic and flammable.
- unnatural coverage.
How to filling the bathroom floor ↑
All the preparatory work has already been curtained: waterproofing completed, filled screed.It remains only to apply a mixture of self-leveling floor:
1. Prepare a mixture.To do this, pour the dry components in the water and knead drill with breaks for 1-2 minutes, until a homogeneous consistency.
Important!Please note that for the preparation of a mixture of self-leveling floor is dry component is poured into water and not vice versa, as is the case with other compounds.The resulting solution begins to solidify after half an hour - 40 minutes, so it makes sense to cook meals rather than all at once.
2. Be sure to keep the temperature and humidity conditions.The optimum temperature is +15 - +25 ° C, humidity 80%.
3. Pour the mixture will stripes.The first band fill the wall, starting from the corner, opposite the doorway.
4. screed thickness and adjustable squeegee or trowel.
5. laminating layer with a spiked roller to remove air bubbles.
6. All the other bands fill this algorithm: filled, violence, remove air.
7. screed drying for about 3 days, but you can already use it after 6 - 12 hours after filling, by the time he gains sufficient strength.
Important!The system "warm floor" can be turned on, not earlier than a week.
tile floor in the bathroom room "entered" a sure step for a long time and continues to occupy a leading position among flooring for the bathroom.A variety of shapes and materials to satisfy the taste of even the most sophisticated buyer.The disadvantage of the tile is its relative fragility.If the cracked tile, it must be replaced, and while there will be spoiled dismantled, may be damaged, and others are close.
wooden floor in the bathroom can only be done in teak or larch, because not every timber will withstand the constant changes in the level of humidity.Construction of the floor requires careful of additional waterproofing.Although natural wood floors, warm, beautiful, it makes sense to lay instead waterproof laminate .
laying the flooring will mark the completion of works on arrangement of the floor in the bathroom.How much time did not take this painstaking process is an indispensable experience that should be in your luggage each a smart host.