Roof - the most vulnerable of construction.It is the most exposed to the external environment: sunlight, precipitation and mechanical influences.This is especially true of country houses, as most of the year they are unsupervised, and there is no one owner in a timely manner to clean snow and eliminate faults.So the question is how to close the roof at his dacha, and occurs most often.
requirements villa roof ↑
to correctly and quickly close the roof in the country, you need to find answers to the questions: what should be the roof and how to block it in the simplest way?Let's see, what characteristics should have the optimal roof Cottage:
- must be sufficiently resistant to environmental influences:
- moisture - the house should be moved to the absence of the own
- to the sun: heating the roof, they are strongly heated and the interior of the house during the hot season;
- mechanical stress - strong gusty winds and abundant snow load.
2. Must have an aesthetic appearance as long as possible because no one wants to carry out its repair annually.
3. Must be inexpensive, since it is hardly worth investing big money in a place of temporary (seasonal) holiday.
Checking the roof ↑
Update leaky roof does not mean that you just replace the old roofing material on the new one.If the roof is operated a couple of decades, and if it is periodically flowed, then before you start you need to check the condition of the entire roof construction, namely:
- truss system;
- waterproofing layer;
- insulation materials;
If you plan to cover the roof of the new (other) roofing material, the crate should be changed in any case, because of the correctness of its creation largely depends on the quality of installation work.
to the roof was re-roofed quality, should be updated and a layer of waterproofing.And if the house will stay in the winter time - be sure to change the insulation.For this perfect basalt rock wool.
Particular attention should be paid to checking the truss system - the "skeleton" of the roof, in fact it should support the weight of lathing, heat and waterproofing layers and roofing.If the leak occurred, then most likely, the rafters are traces of rot, so they need a partial or even complete replacement.And although in the latter case, the owner of cottages have pretty invest, he will receive in return an opportunity to change completely if desired appearance of the roof: pick it up, change the configuration to arrange the attic or increase the size of the attic.
Dismantling of old roofing ↑
Before you start overlapping roof in the country must be the dismantling of the old cover and, if necessary, truss construction.The first step is to remove all of the roof antenna, wiring and chimneys.If the roof was covered with sheet metal, and their removal is carried out using a hammer, a screwdriver or a crowbar.I should be well and flows roof.
Roller old covering is cut into strips with a knife and then with special scissors.Cut the strip is separated from the roof of a crowbar and roll to roll.If the roof has an indoor slate, its dismantling begin with the removal of the ridge elements.Fasteners remove a claw hammer or screwdriver.Asbestos cement sheets are beginning to withdraw from the ridge row horizontally.At the end remove overhangs and steel valley.
If the roof was tiled, the first remove the ridge shingles and then move horizontally to the eaves.Pre-need to cut of mounting wire.For ease of movement laid the running board.To disassemble the rafters and lath used axes and saws crowbar.
Choosing a new roofing material ↑
Select the type of roof based on the desired characteristics, it is not difficult, because now in DIY stores presented a lot of modern roofing materials differ in structure, properties, method of installation and cost.Slate is not used as often as before, because it became clear danger to health if improperly handled with him.Moreover, it is quite fragile and unattractive in appearance.
Replace it can be other corrugated sheets (Bitumen) - ondulin.Large range of metal roofing: corrugated, metal, steel sheets.The roof can be covered by a modern and attractive soft roof or the classical natural tile or imitating its polymer.It looks natural tile, certainly respectable, but it is not often used for cottage roofs because it is expensive and it weighs a lot.Vacationers prefer simpler materials.Consider a few of them.
Installation of metal ↑
Metal - a very popular roofing material today.It is a beautiful and reliable coverage weighs little, is resistant to aggressive environments, UV rays and corrosion.The material is easily cut, drilled, mounted.If the choice fell on him, the old roof is completely dismantled, removed sheathing and waterproofing layer.Leave only Truss.
metallocherepichnoy roof refers to the lightweight roof.Through profiling sheets are characterized by sufficient rigidity, so to fit them do not need a continuous sheathing.New crate made of bars 40x40 mm and 400 mm.When it is necessary to align the mounting sag.
to the sheathing is secured using a special stapler anti-condensate film recommended by the manufacturer of metal.It is moisture and absorbs it, then evaporating.Next underway styling metal.
Seam roof ↑
Galvanized steel - often used in Russian roofing material.It is easy to operate, relatively inexpensive, you can create any geometry of the roof.The roof of the roll or sheet steel mounted on the standing seam technology: Connect elements of coating the creation of special seams - seams.The limbs can be single and double, erect and immobile.The most waterproof and airtight double Roofers consider standing seam.
slope of the roof with the use of technology standing seam joints - more than 14 degrees.If the slope is less, necessarily need to make a solid base with a double fold and seal with silicone sealant.
traditional standing seam technology devices roofs with special hammers displaced today a new technology, using power tools, and this significantly increases the productivity and quality of the seams.
Features overlapping roof Ondulin ↑
Unlike many roofing materials ondulin has pronounced sound absorption properties, and it is important in the regeneration of the attic roof.With a relatively moderate cost it is very durable.The material is soft (made of cellulose and fiberglass), it can be cut normal wood saw or jigsaw.Therefore crate under it is recommended to make frequent cross-section, which will provide ondulin required rigidity, thereby improving its resistance to snow loads in winter and summer rainwater.
Laying Ondulina carried out in horizontal rows below.His laid overlapping in the "checkerboard" manner that will provide additional stability of the whole structure to wind gusts.For Ondulina are special nails, if they are not complete or little, not buy them at the rate of 20 nails on one sheet.The first row of each wave attach material and subsequent rows nails already sacrificed at one wave.
roof of a flexible (asphalt) shingles ↑
basis of shingles - fiberglass, which is impregnated and coated with a special bitumen roofing.From inside the tiles a layer of self-adhesive bitumen mass, and from the outside - a layer of topping that gives the material the desired color.
When installing shingles each tile is attached to the base further lapped by using roofing nails.The layers of tiles are baked slowly in the sun, forming a completely tight roofing.As shingles also relates to a light roof, waterproofing and crate under it do the same as under the metal.
Shingles come in different versions - with increased resistance to frost or fire.For example, for the northern regions can be selected from asphalt shingles SBS: it is easy to tolerate temperatures in the range -35 ° - + 110 ° C.
Overlapping roof garden was not any easier than building a new one.Here, the right choice of roofing materials, it is important to combine with a competent installation to update the roof served as a favorite and decorated cottage for many years and, more importantly, without decoration.