Going to the bathroom, you will find old tile, sometimes cracked or faded?I think it's time to think about the repair.My first thought, to visit you for sure is to learn in detail how to put tiles on the wall.The process of installation is quite complex, requires certain skills.However, having the desire to make repairs in the apartment with his hands, you are sure to cope with this difficult task.The main thing is to do everything consistently, and very carefully, do not rush.
process of laying tile, as well as other maintenance work can be divided into several stages.A detailed look at how to correctly and accurately lay tile, so it does not please you one year of their appearance.
Surface preparation for veneering ↑
quality laying tile on the wall will only atavailable flat surface.This is the basis of your su
first examine the old plaster.If it is solid, without cracks and blisters, then proceed to the determination of the vertical wall.With the help of a plumb check availability departures level.All the irregularities of a few millimeters to one meter, subject to mandatory leveling plaster or special solution.I do not think that small deviations are not able to affect the quality of your work.Tile - rigid material, so any irregularity can lead to serious consequences, which can not be corrected.
Check the vertical wall, move to determine their squareness.The corners of the room should be 90 degrees, otherwise spend plastering surface.What is the reason?First of all, the future location of plumbing and appliances.For example, if an angle different from the direct, you will need to put the bath, you get a gap between its edge and the wall.Therefore, all work on the preparation of the surface is carried out in full.
If necessary, plastering the surface of the wire in several layers, waiting for the complete drying of each.When laying tiles apply a special tile adhesive, to prevent it from absorbing on the surface of the primer is applied.For complete drying of the soil will take about 5 days, during which it is moistened with water.The next stage of laying tile - directly facing work.
How to choose a tile?↑
Choosing tile fully depends on personal preference.But there are some important points that need attention.Tiles should be resistant to mechanical and chemical influences, which it will be exposed during its lifetime.Also, we consider when choosing a material resistance to temperature, resistance to abrasion pattern, flexural resistance, ability to retain its original appearance under the influence of acids and alkalis.
should buy only first quality tiles.It is directly related to the fact that for the second class is characterized by the marriage, and might be a difference in shades of pattern and size of the tile.
sure to buy the material with a small margin, for example, in the event of sudden breakage when cutting tiles.Of course, you can always buy the number of missing tiles, but guarantee that it will match the color of the original party, you can not give one.So, come to the determination of the required number of tiles with all the responsibility.
Preparation of adhesive ↑
Before laying the tile adhesive composition cook.Pour mixture in small portions to water and mixed thoroughly using a mixer.As a result of this manipulation of the composition obtain the desired consistency (not too thin or thick).The mixture must be plastic, good pull on the surface and does not drip from the walls.After cooking, turn to the adhesive stacking process.
This is important!If in the course of work there is a need to absent himself, before the resumption of the process of laying, stir the solution.
Technology laying tile ↑
work on laying tile carried out consecutively, moving towards the top.First lay out the lowest number.It serves as a starting point, have a direct impact on the final result.To ensure equality of masonry, it is necessary to put rail on the floor, you want to align to the standards.The entire first row should be laid on this rail.
Next you should nail vertical slats in the corners of the wall.This is done to achieve the horizontality of the surface to be laid.Reiki necessarily aligned plumb, not out of habit - "the eye."At the level of the second row, followed by the series in vertical slats nailed a nail on each side, and between them stretch the thread.With this simple device is very convenient to follow the horizontal stacking of tiles.
Important!If the floor tiles had not yet laid, the laying of tiles on the wall is conducted from the second row.Previously, of course, determine the precise location of a number of ground tiles.This is due mainly to the fact that the first row of tile on the wall overlap the floor tiles.
to glue normally used notched trowel.Glue is applied to the lower edge of the tile, and slightly pressing down to the surface of the base, follow the uniformity of the glue on the tile.Similar manipulations are carried out with the neighboring tiles.We leave a distance between the tiles - a seam in which to insert special crosses.The required thickness of the seam - 2-4 mm.
should be noted that such a gap has not only a decorative function.At the time of thermal expansion of the likelihood of cracking or peeling tile from the bottom is very high, if not leave the required thickness of the seam.
During installation carefully check the level of each tile horizontally and vertically, controlling the quality of the work.
How to cut tile ↑
Ideally, your wall surface instead of determining the number of whole rows of tiles.But, unfortunately, the situation in practice is extremely rare.Thus, reaching the corner of the wall, we determine the possibility of placing an entire tile.If it does not fit, you should cut off the extra part.Here you can not avoid the question: "How to cut the tiles to get the desired size and shape with smooth edges?»
To perform this manipulation is better to use a special tool - Tile, having a diamond cutter or pobeditovye.We put the tiles on a flat and smooth surface, and then makes an incision along the pre-planned line.Tile cut towards you.Once you make cuts, you need to break the tile.Take it by the edges and back of the hit on the edge of the board.It is important that shot went just under the cut.As a result, the right to receive a portion of the work performed tiles with smooth edges.
Of course, in the absence of proper experience is difficult to cut off part of the tile that has a width of a few centimeters.In this case, better to take a pair of pliers or tongs.Make the most tiles in one hand, and the second with the help of available tools break off a smaller portion.
better Clipped tiles laid in the corners, the joints are not evident or could they close the cabinets or appliances.
final stage: grout ↑
completing the bulk of the work for laying tiles on the wall, proceed to the final stage.We wait complete drying of the adhesive and thoroughly cleans the surface of the adhesive, which fell on her.Further, using the puffer the right color, you should fill in the joints using a rubber spatula.To get rid of traces of the Fugue, remaining on the tiles, wipe the surface with a damp cloth or sponge.
By choosing a fugue should be approached with great responsibility.Do not trust the dubious manufacturers as substandard products can lead to cracking of the joints in the future.Correct grouting strengthens the aesthetic effect of placing a whole, helping to smooth out minor flaws committed during work.
video lesson: tiling ↑
Finally, polish the surface of the wall with a soft flannel cloth.If you aspire to the ideal, the tiles can be treated with a special compound, which will provide additional protection and shine.In this process of laying tile on the wall is completed.You coped with this difficult task!