ordinary person who wants to transform the kind of bathroom, has a minimal construction skills or do not have them at all.A repair in the room is quite complicated, therefore, requires detailed consideration.Even the expensive tiles, laid unprofessional, it looks ugly, and at worst will have to redo all the work.To avoid this, this article will consider how to lay tile in the bathroom.
Home: Projects calculations ↑
Firstif conceived redevelopment premises, you must first do the project, indicating the size of new partitions, walls, doors.It is also necessary to analyze whether the water supply and sewerage pipes closed in some way, to c
Important: access to vodozapornoy fixture must be convenient and easy.
Second, the plan is drawn up facing the future.This includes such things:
- options abut the electrical and plumbing fixtures;
- Cutting and docking tiles in the corners;
- width of joints;
- color trowel fugue;
- design stacking height at various levels, the order of finish different types of tiles, borders, friezes, inserts, decor.The choice of color, size, layout options;
- counting the number of tiles in m2 and pieces.Then you need to add this figure to 5-10% in reserve: The percentage depends on the number of angles and places of cutting;
- calculation of the amount of consumables: tile adhesives, fugue, coats.Basically, 4 m2 of glue is consumed bag 1, 1 kg of grout.
advantage tiles ↑
tiling the bathroom - the most common type of decoration.Why is this stuff so popular?The answer to this question are the advantages of ceramic tile:
- high strength - the surface is a long period;
- tile does not burn, does not emit toxic substances;
- humidity - in places with high humidity indicators is the ideal material;
- resistance to wear - this setting mostly deal with tiles, the best proof - subways, market places, because there is a huge coating resists the flow of people;
- slip resistance - additives abrasive sand in fact cause icing anti-slip;
- easy maintenance - just wash the tiles with water and wipe with a damp sponge;
- chemical resistance - such coating is not afraid of exposure to alkalis, acids;
- does not burn.
Council wishes to choose wisely ↑
All necessary information is on the package:
- if the material is intended for walls, it shows the hand;
- black foot on the white background - tiles;
- High indicates a repetition of the same icon;
- increased durability - foot on a shaded background.
Important: In addition, you should pay attention to the flatness of the edges, absence of cracks.
Surface preparation - a tradition ↑
is not all that difficult.First, you must get rid of the old plumbing, and then taken into the hands of a chisel, hammer and starts fighting off the old tile.
At this stage, it is important to take precautions: wear gloves on his hands, eye - glasses (they protect against dust and small pieces).Once the tiles repulsed, you need a chisel to remove adhesive residue.
If the walls were painted, should be thoroughly clean off the surface, ignoring the existence of the sale of special blends modern adhesive designed for laying on a painted wall.The experience of professionals provides that quality paint adhesion to the substrate - a rare phenomenon.
Important: Ignoring this process leads to the fact that after a certain period of time begins to move away from the tile walls (with a cement base), rises "coat" and all fall off.
Very convenient to shoot down the paint surface with a strong punch to the shoulder blade: high speed, but a lot of noise.Also strip the paint, you can use cutting machines with kardschetkoy.When mechanized operation fails, you can use the hatchet, and layers of paint that are poorly kept, the scraping spatula cycle.
alignment before laying ↑
Before you put the tiles in the bathroom, you need to properly prepare the surface, because the quality styling is impossible in the presence of irregularities.
Important: 80% of a successful outcome - that smooth surface.
first step is to inspect the quality of plaster.If it's something where the swollen and ready is about to fall, it is necessary to clean the surface of the brickwork.And if the wall is solid, you can begin to measure the geometrical parameters.
This is done with Plummet, which is checked a vertical wall.It's simple: the cord is unwound in the height of the room, the ceiling is fixed to the wall and then it becomes clear how the wall out of the way.Any deviations need to be adjusted to count on, "so goes" you can not, because the tiles - no wallpaper, that is littered with the angle can not be pulled in some way.
Alignment applies to sex if the concrete surface, it will need a special mixture or a mixture of sand and cement.
Priming - an important process ↑
Also, before you put the tiles in the bathroom, the walls should be primed, it is done for better adhesion of tile adhesive.Be sure primer is selected taking into account the specificity of the room, because there is high humidity.
Rules cooking glue ↑
This is done as follows: the water is poured in small portions a mixture, and then stirred with a mixer, which is attached to the drill.It is advisable to immediately pour the entire mixture is because by using a drill with a small capacity, the process will be quite problematic.As a result, you should get the mixture is very liquid consistency (it will pop-up on the walls), but not a thick (hard to pull out of the wall).
Proper cutting tiles ↑
first tile to soak for 40-50 minutes.in water.Then the line marked on it and made a cut glass cutter roller.
incision aligned with the edge of the table, push or break.You can also put a match and at the same time put pressure on both sides, in the end tiles will fall apart right on the split.
Important: the incision should be carried out in one motion towards you.
For better convenience, use a special tile cutter, it is different from the presence of the mechanism of breaking glass cutter and the large size of the wheel.This thing is very practical, so if the volume of work impressive, it is better to buy such a device.
Secrets good styling ↑
Laying the tiles in the bathroom is good only when the level is constantly applied.But that the seams between the tiles are the same, you should use special plastic crosses (available at hardware store).These crosses may vary in size, they are directly dependent on the value of the joint.
Important: for a smooth laying right thing to lay the first row is marked in advance for this level.
for better adhesion of tiles with a solution of some experts recommend 10 minutes to soak them in water completely.If the tiles get out of the water and bring it to your ear, you can hear the characteristic hiss, then the water has not completely replaced the air from the tile.Then soak should continue.
also need to know that under the enamel of some types of tiles are wetted with such a watery spot.Soak this tile is impossible, you just need to wet the inside of her wet brush.Better yet, put on a small amount of tile grout, and then immediately clean off his trowel.This is to ensure that there are no sharp redistribution of moisture.
technology tile ↑
Making sure that the wall surface is smooth, primed, free of dust, debris, you can start the immediate installation.Works are made from the bottom up, that is, first, laid the first row above the floor, then the next, etc.To get a strictly straight rows on the floor to put rail and align it on the level.1st row is placed on this rail and horizontal flatness following rows at the corners of the walls are nailed uprights.
Then at the second and subsequent rows in the rack hammered nails, thread stretched between them and it is necessary to strictly monitor the evenness of horizontal rows.
notched trowel adhesive is applied to the bottom surface of the tiles on the wall, then the tile is applied to the substrate.Tiles should be pressed down slightly to distribute the glue evenly.A similar procedure is carried out with neighboring tiles, inserted between the crosses.
Important: Recommended thickness of the seam - 3-4 mm.
As for the gap, it is not only decorative meaning.If he does not leave, the thermal expansion tiles crack or become detached.Laying tile is controlled by each horizontally and vertically.
not always placed on the wall tiles exclusively a whole, so the excess at the corners are cut Tile (has been said that this tool is more practical).It is necessary to take into account one important aspect: if you have no experience of such work, it is difficult to cut off part of width less than a few centimeters.Then it is better to use Bulgarian.If such a device is not present, an incision is made Tile and unnecessary piece of neatly breaks off with pliers.
Important: it is desirable to spread the cut tile in the corners, which are then closed with all sorts of cabinets, shower.
How oblitsevat floor ↑
How to lay tile on the bathroom floor?In principle, it is placed on the principle described above.Direction work - putting some on the far corner of the door.To blow was smooth, the thread is pulled, there will be no displacement, and the series will turn out smooth.To test laid out rows on the need to use the horizontal level.
Important: if the room is large, applied generally, and it therefore level.
adhesive is applied to the surface of the tile, rap trowel or wooden mallet until until the tiles on level will be stretched nylon cord.If the tile falls below should tear it and add more solution.
tile cleaning is done after drying adhesive.The next step - grouting fugue with a rubber spatula.Fugue is chosen so that harmony is discernible with tile.Remains fugue cleaned with a damp cloth.When it is selected do not buy the cheapest sample and an unknown manufacturer to use the products as it is not necessary: the joints may crack later.
Laying the tiles around obstacles ↑
So it turns out that there is no perfect surfaces.During laying face with rosettes, thresholds, door frames, releases of sewage pipes.A few tips about this:
- installation of tiles around the switch - tile is applied to the switch, markers marked calling the extra space.In marked lines tile is cut, then cut out a place in the switch.The accuracy of this work is checked by applying the switch;
- laying around a large pipe - if tile falls on a pipe with only one angle, it is necessary to make a curved cutting.Take a sheet of thick paper, rests on a prospective place of installation.Then you need to bend all unnecessary, superfluous and cut the paper at the lines formed.This will be the template for cutting;
- difficult obstacle - which means that the hole gets a few tiles.In this case, each sector is marked by a certain place.Similarly, should you do with all of the tiles that fall to the hole.
After the seams scope of work for laying ceramic tiles can be considered consummated.If you want to bring everything to a perfect condition, the tiles can be treated with a special compound.It will give additional coverage not only shine, but the protective properties.
Video help beginners ↑
to treat the process was even more clear, offer instruction "tiling in the bathroom" - the video will help to understand the essence of the work.
Adhering to all councils, you can spend quality laying tiles in the bathroom and for many years to enjoy its magnificent views.