floor tiles have a lot of advantages - it is practical, beautiful, durable.In addition, there is another remarkable quality - good thermal conductivity.It is an ideal coating for the heating system "warm floor": Recall that the heating elements, being located under the floor, the room is heated.Thus, the pleasantly cool tiles, which we so appreciate in the summer heat, can be replaced by a comfortable heat required in the autumn-winter period.There are several types of heating systems "warm floor".Let us examine them in more detail to find out what floor heating under the tiles will fit best.
Compared with a radiator heating system, installation of floor heating under the tiles has many adv
Classification of heating systems "warm floor» ↑
- Electric floor heating (film, cable).
- Water heated floor.
Electric floor heating under the tiles ↑
is used as the main or additional source of heat.Electric floor heating cable under the tile can be realized single-core, two-core or ultra-thin cable (the so-called "mats").The electric cable is laid into the floor, and the electricity is connected through the thermostat.Single-core or two-core cable is installed only in the sand-cement screed.
single-core cables - cheaper, but be sure to return to the thermostat, in contrast to the two-wire cable that can be used for laying on the premises of any plan.Screed floor adds extra 3-5cm, and after laying the floor tiles will be higher by 4-6 cm. Sand-cement "steals" the height of the room, but it accumulates heat, saving energy.
turns it is possible only after complete hardening of the screed.When you install electric floor represented by "mat", no additional sand and cement.Ultra-thin cable laid on the polymer mesh base in a specific sequence, has high strength and insulation resistance.Installing such a mat is made in the layer of adhesive under the tile on an old tie.The floor level in this case does not rise more than 1.5 cm (bed height of tile adhesive and tiles).Additional insulation is not required.It is important to calculate the area of the mat, rounding down.Cut off from the mat anything.Let us consider the features of the installation of electrical floor heating in the video.
Video instruction: installation of electrical floor ↑
laying any area of electric underfloor heating does not correspond to the area of the room, and only rely on the free area.Consider laying underfloor heating in the bathroom.We can not allow laying of floor heating under the washing machine, pedestal sink, a toilet and a bathroom, the area on which the static furniture is also not in the bill.
Infrared warm floor under the tile ↑
One type of electric floor heating.It consists of flat plates, sealed in plastic wrap (to prevent contact with moisture working elements).Depending on the heating material is carbon and the bimetallic film floor.Under the tile can be used only carbon.This floor is not subject to corrosion, in case of damage of the floor is turned off only the damaged area (parallel connection).
heat losses are small, quiet operation.Infrared film heating system powered by a network controlled by thermostat.Installation of floor heating under the tiles if used infrared film floor has a number of features: be sure to use a substrate with a heat effect (best roll technical cork, a thickness of 2 mm.), Before laying the tiles on the film floor be sure to pave the mounting fiberglass meshwith cells no more than 3 cm.
Installing underfloor heating film ↑
Film floors are heated with different parameters.Different sizes and fabrics.In case of large areas to be insulation, it is advisable to use a wider web width of 1 m. Teploregulyator purchased separately.It is easy to calculate the power: power of 1 m2 of the film - about 150 watts.To find the power consumption of the device must be multiplied by the number of 150 square meters, which should cover the film floor.The size of the working area, as is the case with an electric cable floor does not match the area of the premises: usually covers about 75% of the area, avoiding places where static furniture and bathroom.The substrate is placed on a clean surface, place the cut bonding tape.
Then place the infrared film, cut the edge of the material.It is necessary to insulate the edge.The temperature sensor must be placed in the groove under the film close to the thermostat fixing tape to the film.The cable should stay just under the tiles.To film the floor is not shifted when laying tiles it is secured with adhesive tape to the substrate.The next phase - installation of the thermostat.It needs to be put next to the wiring.The thermostat is set permanently as the outlet.This is followed by laying wires connected to the network in parallel.Installation cables is better to use two colors.To one terminal of each film strip floor connects one cable of the same color.
can tuck the wires under the plinth or make Stroebe wall flush connection cable.To connect the wires to the heating material should be put on tape the terminals and secure using pliers.The clamp must fit tightly to the copper conductor.The following secure the cable and put the insulators.You can use a sealant (sealant squeeze out a small amount of one of the halves of the insulator and close the two halves of the terminal).Wire the thermostat must be carried out according to the wiring diagrams.If the power of more than 2 watts, must be connected only through a specially installed machine.
Water Floor Tile ↑
for this heating system is advantageous to use a large area of water underfloor heating (piped circulates heated water).Such heaters provide uniform heating of the room, it may be part of a fully autonomous heating system can be connected to the district heating.The cost of a one-time installation, the floor does not require maintenance.One of the advantages include energy savings.It is impossible not to note the complexity of the installation of such a system and the mandatory use of auxiliary equipment (water pump).In the case of local repair faults difficult.Pipes for water floor made of metal and do not corrode, the inner diameter of the tubes with the passage of time is not reduced because of the special device which prevents the accumulation of deposits.
Despite the apparent simplicity of the process, the installation of floor heating under the tiles requires certain skills.To tile does not flake off, it is important to observe all rules of installation.For clarity, we consider how to set a warm floor under the tile: a photo is presented below.
answer to the question posed in the title can not be unambiguous.If the prospect of laying of floor heating using sand and cement screeds are not afraid and decided to establish an electric cable floor, make better use of twisted pair cable: it is more convenient as compared to single-core.Radiant floor heating allows to save on electricity consumption, ideal if necessary heating large areas.