build a sauna at their dacha, or country cottage gardening area each owner wishes, because no modern showers, bathtubs, whirlpool not replace a curative effect Russian steam bath.As a building material used wood, brick, concrete blocks.Constructed of brick room wooden structure gives a similar thermal conductivity, but the benefits of durability and fire safety.To reduce the cost of acquisition of brick masonry using special methods, providing the presence of the wall cavities, which are filled with cheaper building materials.This increases the thermal and technical parameters of the entire structure.
Project Selection brick baths ↑
Initially selected the site for construction of the object.Based on its size and preferences of family members on the dimensions of the future construction, the project is approved by the end of the bath brick.This document should provide detailed drawings with the exact dimensions of all walls of the capital and interior partitions.Ideally, the design documentation must be requested from the experts, but you can use ready-made projects, placed on the Internet or borrowed from friends.In an elaborate design must include all the necessary building materials, reaching as construction of the bath of brick, and in all kinds of its internal trim and exterior trim.
Important!The draft brick baths great attention is paid to thermal insulation to minimize heat loss possible.This insulated not only walls, but also the ceiling, floor, windows and doors.
device strip foundation ↑
Construction bath brick requires device under all load-bearing structures of the foundation of reliable base.To not go on the walls cracked, hold the tape laying the foundation, which is able to support their weight.
The materials used full-bodied red brick, rubble stone, cinder or concrete blocks.If you have sufficient financial resources can be poured and reinforced concrete foundation.
Important!When laying the foundation do not forget the depth of soil freezing in your area.From this figure will depend on the depth of the excavated trench.When calculating the width of the foundation are repelled from the thickness of the walls, adding to the value of a couple of dozen centimeters.
Execution of steps ↑
- On compacted bottom of the trench dug poured sand layer, whose thickness must be at least 15 cm. Sand layer shed water and thoroughly tamped.Next
- laid crushed stone layer, the thickness of which should be the same.Also spend his rammer.
- After preparing the sand and crushed stone laid foundation stones and rubble poured their concrete mix.
- After drying concrete is laid waterproofing layer of roofing material.
- further elevated plinth, which is already used for full-bodied red brick.The height of the basement masonry bricks is 4-5.Do not forget one of the rows of brick making ventilation holes - the air holes.
construction of brick buildings ↑
methods brickwork ↑
erect room with his hands in brick masonry can be several ways.At the same time resorting to the use of single-row or multi-row system dressings.Preference is given to most of them first, as it is characterized by simplicity of execution, but it is strong enough.An important argument in favor of choosing the brickwork on the system is a single-row ligation small thickness of the walls of the object.
brick rows, depending on the location of the individual elements (bricks) can be:
- stretcher (bricks lie along the wall);
- tychkovymi (bricks laid across the walls).
alternation of these kinds of series, and is the basis of single-row system dressings.Thus it is possible to block the vertical joints of the previous series next bricks.The quality of a brick depends on the correct device corners and piers, which are beginning to spread trehchetvertinkami bricks.Technology laying angles also calls for putting some on the one hand, "spoons" and the other - "butting".
In some cases, for walls baths choose kolodtsevoy masonry, which involves placing inside a warming filling of bulk materials such as fine slag sand with a mixture of sawdust, expanded clay.Masonry walls for this option provides for the transverse walls, spaced every three bricks.Fill the void as soon as the growth of the walls, and the filler is carried ramming through every 10-15 cm. In this case, every third layer is poured a solution of lime having a creamy consistency.
During the bricks appear, nadbitye or having any other defect that is used for laying of walls and corners.For these purposes use halves or quarters trehchetvertinki bricks.To get the correct size, cut brick with a hammer-kirochki.
Important!To avoid large amounts of waste bricks, necessary to calculate the length and width of the walls to the size of the selected material for construction of the bath.These values should be divided evenly by 75 mm if the selected brick 24h12h65 mm and 100 mm using bricks 24h12h88 mm.
Specificity facilities angles ↑
Brick Bath begin to build a stacking corners that connect the cord-prichalku serving as a reference point for a number of masonry bricks.Use of a cord-prichalku enables horizontal rows and straightness of brickwork and the same thickness all the seams horizontally supported.To comply with the right angle using the building square, level, and rule.
solid masonry brick walls ↑
For quick bricklaying must possess a skill that comes only with experience.To built a brick room with his hands was strong, it is necessary to properly prepare the solution used to bond bricks.This is not to prevent its premature solidification, so its surface is spread with a thin layer of the previous row (20-25 mm) and a distance not more than a meter.
This will reduce the waste solution and reduce the work on alignment, which is carried out with a trowel.This builder is necessary to monitor the quality of welds produced by paying attention to their thickness and uniformity of sealing the filling solution and correct ligation.
masonry openings of windows and doors ↑
above the opening of windows and doors is necessary to perform jumper.During the construction of baths using the simplest of ordinary jumper.It is ideal for bridging spans the width of which is less than two meters.When vykladyvanii ordinary jumpers horizontal rows and observe all the rules of dressing, acting for normal masonry.The height of the jumper reaches 6-9 rows of masonry, and the length should be two feet wider than the opening.For putting some jumpers use only selected brick that is placed on the solution of the brand is not less than 25.
jumpers device involves the use of formwork made of boards with a thickness of 40-50 mm.With direct installation of window and door frames on the wall, they can be used as molds.However, the wooden elements to protect a layer of roofing material.In front of the formwork jumpers applied masonry ordinary 20-mm layer of cement mortar, which is recessed fittings in the form of metal rods with a diameter 4-6mm.The ends of the armature must go beyond the edge of the opening of more than 25 cm, while the ends are folded around a brick.Withstand rows jumper on the formwork depending on the air temperature from 12 to 24 days.
Finish brick walls baths ↑
Furnish brick walls is carried out by applying the plaster.To this end, the wall surface of a metal grid attached which holds deposited sand-cement mixture.When plating bath paneling interior walls plastering passed.The metal profiles or wooden slats fixed to the wall with dowels or nails that are driven into the pre-mounted in a wall of wooden plugs.Between the lining and wall insulation are placed in visible foil or slab material.In the case of selection of horizontal planks for the walls can be used as a heater bulk concrete block.
Baths of bricks: a selection of photos ↑
Construction bath brick requires training.Therefore, even if the construction of the object with their hands need to hire helpers competent expert who knows the intricacies of working with brick and other materials.In this case, it is able to save on bringing teams of builders and at the same time ensure the quality of implementation of all necessary work.