loggia transform the idea into another room comes to mind to many, but few actually dare to realize it.Someone pushes imposed myth of the cost and complexity of the process, some are not able to pay for the work of experts, but as a warm loggia on their own, they do not know.This article will try to convey to the economy of the first conversion loggias, and the second is painted in detail the entire process from beginning to end.
Is it necessary to insulate a loggia?↑
Of course, it all depends on individual preferences.If you are determined to use the loggia only as a warehouse, then
on balconies can be positioned a small greenhouse, install a coffee table and chairs, have a sports area with exercise equipment and a lot more interesting.In this case the insulation is again avoided.
also need to insulate the surface of the loggia in the case, if you decide to combine it with an adjacent bathroom, as otherwise the outer wall in the cold season will syret and mold, and the room will be a very low temperature.
Meticulously preparing for warming ↑
parapet railing balconies or external - is the weakest link in the insulation.Indeed, it is contacted with the street, for passage of light while excluding the penetration of noise, moisture, dust and cold.Most often it serves as parapet concrete slab, in this case, before the warm loggia with your hands, you need to carefully lay wide slit (eg, bricks) and concreted narrow.
If parapet metal or it does not coincide with the top floors before insulation loggia necessary to carry out masonry parapet and side walls.For this purpose is better to use foam blocks and ceramic bricks.The outer surface of the fence can be finished plastic siding or decorative panels, it also warms the area loggia.
Tip: all wooden parts should be treated by any antiseptic preparation in order to prevent the emergence of bacteria that lead to destruction and decay.
Glazing - a mandatory step ↑
Before starting insulation loggia necessary to glaze.This will require the kind of plastic construction, the installation of which should be entrusted to specially trained people.For glazing balconies are best suited triple-pane glass packages with a minimum thickness of 32 mm.With proper insulation of the installation must be accompanied by the installation of expansion profiles dobornyh left, top and right side of the double-glazed windows.
After installation, carefully zapenit seams and joints with foam, which should lie flat, without defects and cracks.Further special foam nashchelnikami locked from the outside - it will help protect it from the harmful effects of sunlight.
In some cases, apartment owners stop at this point and set the heating device.As a rule, it does not make any sense, because without proper insulation parapet walls, ceiling and floor temperature on the balcony will be just a few degrees above the outside.
What is needed for insulation ↑
For work on warming loggia need:
- insulated material commonly used foam Extrol or TECHNOPLEX.
- Polyurethane foam and cleaner for it.
- vapor control sheet (or penofol izolon).
- Plastic plate type dowels, plugs in the form of a plastic cork plugs Gvozdeva, screws for mounting pads to the joists and a concrete slab for hangers, nails.
- Metallized adhesive tape.
- Antiseptic coating lag.
- beam on the joists and lined for them to raise the level of the floor (chamber drying antiseptic 45h60 or 50x70).
- rails for mounting decorative materials inside the lodge.
- galvanized profiles and crabs for installation.
- galvanized hangers for mounting rails and profile.
- wooden bars 50h20, 50x30, 45h20 and 45h30.
- tools (hammer, screwdriver, pliers, tin snips, tape measure, level, pencil, level with tripod, jigsaw and foam gun).
How to insulate yourself loggia ↑
construction thermal insulation system on the ceiling ↑
proceed to the insulation of the ceiling loggia.To do this, suspensions attached to the ceiling for the subsequent installation guides.Now polystyrene plate is fixed to the ceiling surface mounting or mounting on foam plastic dowels Belleville, after making a small slit in the insulation for the suspensions.
Tip: core plugs (plastic or metal) must choose based on the weight utelitelya.
Holes necessarily closed up pieces of insulation and assembly foam.
floor insulation on the balcony ↑
so as to insulate the floor on the balcony?First, a base plate fastened gaskets treated with antiseptic timber serving as supports.
Important: gasket-bearing should be aligned on the level.
During installation, ensure that the height of the timber with thick logs was such that they towered above all the layers of insulation not less than 5 mm.Logs are attached to the supports with screws and plates are arranged between the insulation material.Next, spread out a vapor barrier foil outside.This must be done so that the joints of the vapor barrier layer was not in the outer corners, only in this case you can avoid "cold bridges".
Important: the formation of thermal bridges causes even the installation of wooden lag thicker polystyrene plates, and use a metal frame, mounted in the body panels.
All connections foil layer is necessary glue tape to achieve the effect of a thermos.If the result is a loggia, combined with the living room, the insulation and finish the floor exercise at the height of the inner wall of the plane.At the same floor level becomes higher because of insulation, placed between the joists.
Wall insulation: rules for the implementation ↑
In the first step should be to determine the need for insulation of the walls of the loggia.The walls that border the street and the adjacent corners of the walls bordering the bathroom, must be carefully insulated.Next, determine the height dobornyh expanders.To make better use of polystyrene insulation boards with the selected quarter.This allows you to get rid of through holes in the places of their connection.If these plates was not available, then the common plate to be laid in two layers with an offset connection seams so that the through holes were not formed.The first layer of the insulation material is attached to the slab by means of disc dowels and the second can be attached to the first mounting foam.
So, insulate exterior walls by fiberglass;side walls bordering the street, as well as with neighboring cold loggias;vertical angles of the walls adjacent to the living quarters.
Along plastic constructions, and under them, to the side wall, and warm along the parapet to attach a vertical strip the insulation material a height equal to the height of the side wall, and a width:
- for panel houses - more than 300 mm;
- for brick - 500 mm.
This can be done using the foam.Angles insulated layer of insulation is 20-30 mm, and it is located on top of foil vapor barrier foil inside the lodge.
Tip: For best results, steam is installed on the warm side of insulation materials.
top of the vapor barrier using suspensions, pre-attached to the walls and ceiling, set at the level of the guide, to form an air gap between the insulating layer and decorative materials.
Tip: At this stage you need to install the guides to the lamps, curtains, dryer and other equipment.
Important: Before installing the rails on the outside wall of the house is necessary to carry out electrical work.
guides can be installed from the wooden beams or galvanized profile.
Finishing works: the creation of design ↑
question, how to insulate a loggia, is almost solved, left to give the room a finished look cozy.On all surfaces applied to a dry timber crate 40h20 mm, treated with antiseptic.Crate exhibited through the levels, is attached to the anchors and screws directly to the concrete.
Finishing materials are attached to the crate.Most often used for interior finishing loggias used plastic panels or plasterboard, which has high moisture resistance.The downside of the use of gypsum panels is a need for large-scale follow-up work.Plasterboard require priming, putty and paint or stickers wallpaper.
Under windows facing out of the room to the loggia, install plastic window sills and under the door - PVC threshold under which you first need to install an additional wooden lag, treated with a special antiseptic solution.
heat conduction to the loggia ↑
To the loggia was not cold, you must install additional heat sources.State standards is strictly forbidden to carry out to the loggia water heating, so the best option would teplokonvektory.If floor space is more than 6 squares, you need to install the heater in the two opposite ends.You can use portable oil heaters and electric fireplaces.
errors and some hints at warming loggia ↑
Incorrect work on warming can lead to condensation on the walls (the effect of "crying" the wall) between the insulation and the wall.This phenomenon has a simple explanation: the warm room air condenses on contact with the cold wall, overlooking the street.A large accumulation of moisture in the insulation layer is fraught with a significant decrease in heat-insulating properties of the material and the appearance of mold on the walls, destroying the building.
If loggia from time to time there are leaks, to seal all seams interpanel.
To better understand how to insulate a loggia of video can be seen below.
Better insulation works loggia trust these professionals, it would avoid unnecessary costs, both financial and temporal.