How to insulate a garage and a cellar in the garage: creating optimal conditions

By Admin | Garden And Buildings / Garage
30 April 2016

Perhaps every car owner knows that dampness and cold are harmful to vehicles, so few care about the reliability of the garage for the beloved "iron horse", and it is important to worry about warming "avtodomika."Properly thought-out insulation can save a significant amount that will have to spend extra money on heating in the case of a carefree attitude.


Standards vehicle storage ↑

Some may be surprised, but there is a list of conditions necessary for comfortable stay of cars in the garage.The most important - is:

  • room temperature (during the whole period of cold weather) may not exceed or fall b
    elow the optimum for storage of the machine limit +5 degrees;
  • fresh air produced by a well-designed ventilation system, must comply with 180 m3 / h (norm, designed for 1 car).

Unfortunately, there are rare cases of neglect of this important recommendation, because most do not consider the garage, where he created the above temperature conditions, so too warm.Try to understand.This low temperature is necessary in order to avoid condensation, which is the main cause of corrosion processes.

This is important!
When creating greenhouse conditions the car is covered with sweat, which contributes to the emergence of pockets of rust.

Speaking of ventilation, it should be noted that it is often inexperienced owners of cars, trying to create a cozy environment close up ventilation holes.

This is unacceptable, sinceventilation needed to maintain optimum microclimate, air purification from carbon dioxide and prevent dampness cars.

Terms move warm air ↑

insulation will help the vehicle survive the season with dignity and severe frosts come out of the "battle" with the winner of the frost and snow.To implement such an important task need insulation materials low thermal conductivity.But before you buy one or another form of insulation, it is worth remembering how the movement of warm air mass in space.

  • convection (continuous movement of warm air, thanks to which there is heating);
  • conduction (the process by which a heated portion of the less heated heat transfer);
  • thermal radiation (the procedure takes place with the evolution of heat but no air movement).

most effective to date insulation - one that combines the classic version, which prevents conduction and convection and reflective heat insulator that prevents heat radiation.

This is important!
This type of insulation is particularly good if the garage - part of a house.If not, then a powerful thermal barrier is not required.

Types of thermal insulation materials ↑

There are insulation materials 2 types: classic and modern.

Classic heaters - a proven way ↑

This type of heaters in turn divided into:

  • polymer resulting from the extrusion finishing polymers;
  • mineral produced during melting of basalt;
  • fiberglass that occur after treatment of broken glass.

The classic of heaters include:
1. Mineral wool.This material inherent excellent performance, but it does not tolerate moisture, so when you use it, take care of the steam and water proofing.
2. Glass wool is not only afraid of the liquid, but also fire, and therefore require special attention during use.
3. Foam.It refers to a polymer which is not afraid of moisture, fungi and microbes.However, the material is flammable, indicating that thorough compliance with fire safety.

Classic heaters
Classic insulation: fiberglass, mineral wool, expanded polystyrene

This need to know!
recommend using foam stamps PBS-C flame retardants - substance contributing to self-extinguishing in case of fire.

advantages of progressive insulation ↑

This new generation materials that have improved characteristics.
1. Penoizol - foam in liquid form, which does not ignite and boasts a lifetime of more than 40 years.By the way, the cost penoizol 1.5 times lower than the cost of conventional foam.
2. Astratek - another representative of the family of liquid insulation that is applied like paint.Layer 1 mm to 50 mm mineral wool replaces.Isolator with a flat surface is consumed at the rate of 0.5 l / 1m2.
3. Polyurethane require special equipment to apply.Even layer of crust forms, which will serve as a reliable defender of not less than 70 years.

Modern heaters
Modern heaters work well, easily and quickly applied to the surface to be treated

This need to know!
most expensive classic insulation is mineral wool, and modern fork make polyurethane foam insulators.

How to insulate metal garage: Stages ↑

Warming garage - a multi-stage process, which in the presence of a minimum of theoretical knowledge it is possible to carry out on their own.
wall metal garage should be not only warm, but also to protect against condensation (unnecessary moisture).If you plan to use mineral wool, do not forget to prepare a film for coating the protective layer.

Thermal insulation using mineral wool
Thermal insulation using mineral wool fixed frame structure

This is important!
to get a really high-quality insulation, mineral wool and foil should cover the hard surface of the fiberboard, gypsum fiber board or particle board.

less troublesome option - using insulation foam.Location of intended application of the adhesive composition is carefully cleaned and degreased.As the glue is allowed to use bitumen mastic or liquid nails.If you apply paste on the wall, you can get good protection from moisture.The only negative - an unpleasant smell, which can be felt in poor grouting.To
in hot weather does not foam sheets were peeled off, the joints between them must be treated with silicone sealant.The foam can not be used!

How to insulate a garage, if the walls are very thin?Do not panic!Just have to insulate on both sides.Exclusively internal insulation leads to a shift of the dew point and condensation appearance.As a result, we get the opposite effect.
to create ideal conditions for cars, will have to warm the surface of the structure: floor, walls and roof.

create a warm floor ↑

The initial phase of work, which is perfect for timpleks temperature resistance from -50 to +75 degrees.Timpleks easily compressed and bent, taking any shape, and strength values ​​are quite high.

This is important!Do not forget to top
timpleksa perform screed.

Wall insulation garage ↑

produce better using the foam.The walls are cleaned of old plaster and degreased.Cracks found in the course of work, it is necessary to improve the adhesion of glue, repaired and primed.The adhesive is applied by the "blot", after which the sheet is pressed with a force.

This is important!
Glue is better to put a notched trowel - so the risk of gaps between the surface and the foam is significantly reduced.

Wall insulation foam
Wall insulation foam

Gluing sheets should be from the bottom up, with the very first number is placed on the start bar, attached to the surface of the wall plugs.On top of the foam is bonded mesh fabric.Apply the adhesive layer of 5 mm on the insulation material and utaplivajut grid.After drying, the wall should be plastered.

This is important!
façade plaster preferable in this situation, because the more resistant to dirt and have improved physical and chemical properties.

external insulation performed in a similar way, only a layer of foam should not be less than 30 mm.

eliminates the loss of heat through the roof ↑

If the system is set - rafter, it is preferable to roll heaters, which are fixed on the basis of design features.Driving insulation should look like this: gidrobarer - insulation - vapor barrier.

If the role of insulation foam is selected, the drill holes for the bars is not necessary - the adhesive is more than enough.When using the mineral wool, it must be attached to the sheathing roof evenly.
If a set is composed of reinforced concrete slabs, it is necessary to insulate well from the outside, which will fit foam sheets with plaster screed on top.

This is important!
Take the time to build between the foam and the outer plaster and roofing Roofing films.

Insulation of garage door ↑

Insulated gate
Gate - a significant structural component of the garage gate insulation significantly reduce heat loss

to protect the metal structure is mounted crate.Then, any available spaces are filled with insulation.Make sure that there are no gaps.The joints can be treated with self-adhesive ozolonom.To give the aesthetic appearance of the gate of veneered paneling.

What and how to perform insulation cellar?↑

The walls insulate better than expanded polystyrene
better insulate the walls of polystyrene

insulation for basement walls will be the best assistant polystyrene.It is important to achieve the highest level surface of the walls.Antiseptic and antifungal impregnation also have handy.Use PSB-S-25 (thickness of not less than 50 mm).This will help create a stable in the cellar temperature.Carefully check the joints, it helps avoid cold bridges.

Video recommendation ↑

Now you know how to warm the cellar in the garage and the "home for the car" as a whole and, therefore, will be able not only to protect the machine from corrosion and wear ahead of time, but also, if necessary, makeinspection and repair in severe season.