no secret that one of the most common problems in the apartments, both old and new model is the lack of coveted square meters.In this situation, the desire to use every centimeter of usable space, is more than justified.The balcony is a very relevant, because the correct approach, a place that is often used for the storage of domestic preparations and useless things, transformed into a cozy nook.But to this area remained comfortable for a stay not only in summer but in winter, it is necessary to consider floor insulation on the balcony.
floor insulation on the balcony - the process is not as complex and are quite capable to everyone, it would be a desire, and of the necessary materials, of course.
Types of acceptable heaters ↑
options depend on the balcony insulation material chosen as a thermal insulator.Building industry today offers a lot of options, but these were the most popular:
1. Penoplex.The thickness is chosen depending on the destination balcony, if it is not combined with the living room directly, it is sufficient thickness of 40 mm.If it is supposed to make a permanent home to the loggia, the thickness Penoplex for high-quality thermal insulation is increased to 60 mm.The cut plate is attached to the floor with plastic anchors and the joints filled with foam summer (winter in the presence of toluene - compounds are dissolved polystyrene).
2. The foam - the most economical material.It is light, non-hygroscopic, it retains heat well, but fragile, and therefore requires the device wooden crates.
3. Penofol (polyethylene foam) - the most attractive and reliable way of warming.With a thickness of 4 mm, this material can be replaced in a board thickness of 100 mm.The service life of more than 50 years.That's it we are going to use for warming our balcony.
Tools & Supplies ↑
first step is to take care of the necessary tools and materials that will help in the implementation of such an important task as insulation floor balcony.
So, we need:
- hammer with a drill;
- hammer building a knife;
- drill adapter for screwing screws;
- tape measure, a pencil;
- dowels, screws (65 mm);
- bars (4x3 cm);
- insulation - foam 5 mm (50h250 cm);
- chipboard or plywood;
- penofol (roll tolschinoy10 mm).
floor insulation on the balcony: Stages ↑
Once we have prepared all necessary for work, you can begin the first phase.
first phase: laying the boards ↑
before floor insulation must be carefully sweep it.Further, around the perimeter of the loggia laid foam, cutting knife if necessary.It is recommended to lay a solid piece to the joints as small as possible.After laying the first layer, seams and joints need to propenyl.Then fit the second layer.If possible, avoid suturing on each other, ie,stack should be offset.
next point - stood on the floor cross-distance loggia.
This is important!
Note that the lateral distance in different angles may differ.Be careful.
measure the distance to the left, subtract about half a centimeter and jigsaw saw off timber.The first timber to be stacked with indentation of 10 cm from the wall.We calculate how many bars we need, if the distance between them is 50-60 cm. After that, everything is simple: retreat this distance, subtract 1.5 cm, saw off and actually laid.But do not rush to fix.When the turn comes to the extreme beam, it is necessary to make sure that it is defended by walls of 10-15 cm. For this is allowed to move from the end of the second and third boards, distributed evenly spacing.
Now you can consolidate, which will need: a hammer, a hammer drill, screws, screwdriver or drill.Each timber is attached to the 4 screw length of 65 cm, the extreme of which must be separated from the wall by 10 cm. It is simple: are drilling the hole, insert the dowel and trying to drive it with a hammer.Then insert the screw with a hammer and punch him through the bar into the concrete.For better fixation twirl screwdriver.All the other bars fastened in a similar manner.
Second stage: insulation penofolom ↑
Once the boards are stacked, the openings between the need to pave the insulation.The optimum thickness - 30 mm, then it will fall to the level bars, which in principle is required.Try to keep the gaps when installing heat insulator does not arise.
This is important!
thick insulation is convenient to cut the guide.Firmly swipe at him several times with a knife, bend your knee a break - it breaks easily and accurately on the cut line.
If, however, there were gaps, foam easily correct the situation.Now Arm and a pencil mark on the wall at the location of all the boards of the floor - then will not have to guess!
proceed to penofol.Once determined the length of the balcony, snapped the top 40 cm and cut penofol.Do not forget to pack the material necessary to foil up, you must also see to it that he went for each of the walls 20 cm.
third phase: raising the floor ↑
This procedure will need: jigsaw, a bar, screwdriver, screws (65 mm), tape measure, level, pencil, large sheets of plywood or particle board (20 mm), a circular saw.
Cut the boards and put in some numbers (4-5).Guided by ticking, using a drill and screws to fasten the top all the way to the lower beam.Then you need to align the horizon.Building level should not be less than a meter - so much easier to work.
find the highest point on the balcony, which on top of each timber along the put and determine the level of difference.What angle should be raised to the horizon, and the one below.After determining which side, left or right, above, we find the highest point - the point of reference.
Cut "Chopik" - pieces of lumber to 4 cm long (10 pieces for the beginning).Using the screwdriver, and even better drill adapter, screws podvykruchivaem departing from the highest point in depth, and then across.This phase will require a fair share of patience, but it is very important, believe me.Be specific!
Remove the screws 1.5 cm, raise a bar to their caps, carefully put on top and find out the level of timber.Take "Chopik", attach it to the gap between itself and the timbers penofolom, note thickness.Pin Up "Chopik" at this level with a hammer and knife.Twisted screw, insert "Chopik" (for the perfect fixation) and the stop screw twirl.
first align the far rail, and then lift the intermediate beams to the required level again anchoring "Chopik."This needs to be done all over the floor.Now, felt-tip pen on the wall should be noted the central portion of each of the boards, that after installing the floor to know where to attach it.
This is important!
If you think that is not warm enough, you can over the bar, set out on a level, put another layer of insulation (300 mm) and a layer penofol.
Fourth stage: plywood laid ↑
approached the turn laying the plywood, you can certainly use the DSP, but plywood is much better and more environmentally friendly.We measure the size of delineate plywood, try to take into account the angles between walls.Portable size plywood, attract a partner, and using a circular saw Scrollsaw piece with twists and turns.
This is important!
Please note that the actual size of the perimeter of the need to decrease by about 1 cm. Do not forget penofol that extend beyond the level of the floor.
After laying plywood over the entire area track down previously made labels (center bar).We draw a straight line from one wall to another, so we know where a plywood board.With drill fix plywood sheets, the distance between the screws - 45 cm.
floor insulation is completed, there is only a paint knife cut penofol on the perimeter.That's all.
How else can you insulate the floor on the balcony?↑
If wooden floor on the balcony, you can use mineral wool - a material that by its thermal insulation characteristics of the foam is practically no different.If the floor screed of cement, the best option would be expanded clay lightweight, warm linoleum, felt underlay for laminate.
Well, if you want something more modern, it is possible to install floor heating system, which can be water, or electric infrared.
technology more complex process of warming of the loggia floor with under-floor heating device shows a video:
options, as you can see, the mass.Choose the one that seems most appropriate to you, and enjoy the time spent in the warm and cozy lodge, even during the fiercest winter frosts.