Lighting building facades: methods and opportunities facade lighting

By Admin | Garden And Buildings / Landscape Design
04 May 2016

facade lighting - lighting design trend that is becoming more popular.And if earlier it was used mainly for illumination of monuments and historic buildings, then today facade lighting has become an integral part of almost any building.This is not surprising, because this decorative technique not only highlights the shape of buildings, but also effectively demonstrates the inner content.In addition, well-directed light highlights the advantages and disadvantages of hiding architectural object.

Content

Where are the sources?↑

Originated architectural lighting of facades after the First World War in the United States.The brochure is available from General Electric, made a

splash by opening up hitherto unseen opportunities in the transformation of appearance of buildings.It was 1930.The time when the Manhattan transformed into a marvelous city of sparkling lights - a magical creature of light the Impressionists.The idea was picked up quickly.

Manhattan aerial view
Manhattan aerial view - the birthplace of spectacular architectural lighting

Art lights in Europe developed under the influence of two factors: fashion and the empowerment of the electricity industry.The European version of light experiments differed deep sense of refinement and style.Equally important were the features of architectural masterpieces combining notes of neo-classical, classical, Empire, Gothic, Baroque.

new stage begins in 1969 with the establishment of the International Association of Lighting Designers.This step was intended to change public attitudes to the light design.Today, the organization brings together professionals who are studying art and light thanks to the practical experience are able to skillfully identify individual features of any structure.

modern view of the lighting ↑

Outdoor lighting encompasses two main points - the aesthetic and functional.

The backlight should be not only aesthetic but also functional
illumination should be not only aesthetic, but also functional

This is important!In addition to the visual appeal
aesthetic aspect has also a practical use - memorability image and attract attention.However, apart from that street lamp must have the necessary set of qualities that enable to cope with their duties.

are three types of lighting facades:

  • floodlight.It occupies about 80% of the total number of purchased lighting.Because the glass absorbs a lot of light, this light is used more often for concrete structures;
  • accent.Allows you to select individual parts, are not fully illuminating the façade.Thus, emphasis is placed on the top or bottom of the building.

This is important!
To highlight the exterior of the applied lamps floodlight.The best option - the metal halide and high pressure sodium floodlights.

  • LED.A wide range of colors provides unlimited opportunities for the realization of any light fantasies and creating extraordinary beauty of the lighting effects.

Receptions facade lighting ↑

When designing lighting project is first necessary to define the lighting techniques that depend on the objectives pursued.So, look at them.

total floodlighting ↑

Ideal for detached objects of culture, asIt allows you to save the monumental appearance and visual integrity.The effect is provided by the installation projector type lamps on poles around the building.The maximum brightness will provide background on the structure of the landscape, pay him attention.

Total floodlighting
aim of general flood lighting - emphasis on the architectural construction

This is important!
Note flood light will pass through the window, so it will not receive the best for buildings where at night people are: hotels, business centers, residential buildings.

Dynamic floodlighting front of the house due to the uneven level of light helps somewhat to "revive" the object.Lighting is better to use light-emitting diode.

local (zonal) lighting ↑

Indispensable if necessary emphasis on a particular area: windows, friezes, balconies, cornices, etc.

To create a harmonious composition should consider every detail, associate it with the overall picture.

Local lighting facade
Local lighting facade highlights only some elements

For this type of illumination used lamp low and medium power, mounted directly on the facade.Allowed the use of linear LED lamps, which successfully ousted bulky fluorescent installation: «Power-Washer», «Accent White», «DU-6», «Vari-Spot» and others.

stylish lighting facades ↑

Reception forfully glazed buildings: business, administrative centers, entertainment and shopping complexes.Lighting (RGB or monochrome) is installed inside the building behind the glass, and on which a light flux.

Light facade
light facade - welcome the opportunity to translate only in the case of solid glass

This provides an interesting combination of dynamic and static.

The outline (background) illumination ↑

The artistic way to highlight the outline of the building to achieve without the individual elements.It creates a clear, strong and clear image.The bottom line - in projecting the luminous background, which appears black silhouette of buildings or dark.

Ambient lighting is characteristic for theaters and palaces
Ambient lighting is characteristic for theaters and palaces

Background lighting suitable for the palaces and houses with columns, carried out with the help of powerful floods the LED spotlights.

Spectacular light contour ↑

new method involves the allocation of building footprint linear lamps.Mass application became possible after the appearance of low-cost linear luminaires - a flexible neon and LED arrays, which are installed at regular intervals along the facade.

Contour lights
Contour lights

They are wonderful illuminate corners and friezes, allowing circuit structure becomes soft glow.For this type of lighting is best suited LED line "Facade".

Great opportunities tsvetodinamiki ↑

Tsvetodinamika
Tsvetodinamika - welcome to implement which uses several types of lighting

method of synthesizing a variety of effects: color change, increase / extinction contrast, mixing colors and so on. In this case, the required spotlights,LED bars, LED spot, allowing to create bright outlines of different colors and configurations.

notes selection ↑

When choosing bulbs for facade lighting should take into account some points:

  • compositional characteristics (size and structure of the building, the texture and color of finishing materials);
  • role of the object in the architectural composition of the city;
  • distance and direction from which the structure can be seen;
  • already existing coverage areas;
  • style of the building, aslighting design should be combined with the look of the architectural object.
Light transforms the building beyond recognition
Light transforms the building unrecognizable

When selecting bulbs, consider the following parameters: ease of maintenance, safety, protection from the external environment, water-resistant, the ability to work in any environment, economy.Lighting effects are largely dependent on the angle of the lamp with respect to the facade, so must be purchased spotlights with adjustable angle.
degree of moisture and dust protection must be at least IP 65. For buildings of historical value to use lamps on brackets, which greatly detracts from the appearance, it is inadmissible.

Video: Christmas lighting facades ↑

Using the above techniques of lighting, you can turn your own country house in the fairytale castle at least for the Christmas holidays.Interesting design options show a video:

light - delicate matter that can work miracles.Several floodlights transform the building, they give it presentable, improve image and attract admiring glances from passers-by.It's so nice to enjoy the city, filled with thousands of glittering lights.City where hovering feeling of something mysterious and festive.