Staircase - obligatory architectural element of multi-storey and attic houses, providing a link between the different levels are in the premises.Must it in the first place to ensure the comfort and safety, the second - to fit into a composite picture of the interior.Without compliance with the rules and without making settlements staircase built with their own hands will at least, unfortunate, require global rework and costly improvements.To eliminate the need to improve the unsuccessful attempt, initially to do everything better, focusing on building codes.
What is going to build a ladder?↑
simplest solution will be modular stairs - with their own hands they need only co
Arguments material selection ladder ↑
For the construction of welded metal staircase takes skill welder and inverter unit.Learn the basics of welded case you can own, but for the construction of the initial design of the course presentable enough.Pouring concrete construction often determine the operating conditions.Stairs made of concrete equip two, three-storey houses made of brick, concrete blocks, gas-silicate panels.Besides the cold concrete structure still have to bind wood or other material to coat.The result is that have to do double duty.
attention.In two, three-storey cottage in accordance with the fire safety requirements must be installed concrete or metal stairs, guaranteeing the evacuation from the upper floors in case of fire.
those who need a ladder to the attic with his hands being constructed in a rustic wooden building, it is necessary to prefer wood.The material is light, is simple to handle, will not push overlap.
Council.For the arrangement of the new low-rise wooden buildings of wood ladders are recommended due poststroitelnoy shrinkage.It is difficult to predict how see reduced ceiling height, and what the difference is between the concrete or metal staircase and ceiling.
There are lots of useful information about how constructed of wood stairs with his hands: video courses, milestone descriptions.Possible errors in the manufacture of wooden construction, it will be easier to fix.In the end, not too expensive and will be a complete reworking of the remaining elements after failing to always find a use.
maximum simple design ↑
wishing to learn how to make a ladder with your hands for the first time, and make a reality of ideas no one advises to start with a complex screw type.If the limited size of the room does not allow you to choose a simple flat version is better to buy ready-made set of modules or turn to the builders.
Pologoye "means intercommunication message" take a lot of space, but the rise and especially the descent on it will be the most comfortable.Optimally, the angle is not greater than 37º.The inclination of 45º automatically translates the design into the category Extra.Get down on it will need to forward back.The slope of 40º in the not too convenient for the descent.
If firmly question 'how to make a ladder on the limited size of the area "should be preferred half-pace with the construction of the landing or zabezhnymi steps.
attention.Between the direction towards each other marches straight distance should be at least 100 mm.
stair treads can be supported on the supporting beams of-stringers can be attached to the wall boltami-Bolz, can be connected to two lateral string.Consider the example of the construction of stairs with stringers.
Building stairs with his hands ↑
Whether or lack of experience manufacturing the stairs with his hands any master should begin with calculation and design.The project should focus on the safety and the creation of better conditions for the move.
design and project requirements ↑
- design is to keep the load in excess of the average weight of a man with an average build.
- ladder must be equipped with guards, the location of which must be considered at the stage of the project.
- enclosures must be equipped with handrails and balusters, the distance between standing next balusters must be less than the size of the baby's head.
Notice.To protect the ladder to prevent threatening situations, users can not balusters and continuous "canvas" of plexiglass or mesh, if the house will be small children.
- construction height is calculated by finishing both sexes floors or conjectural their marks.
- By the standards of the sum of the width of the tread and the corresponding height riser exceed 50 cm (Slight deviations are possible).It is recommended that the height of the riser in the range of 14-17 cm, 25-32 cm width of the tread for the full support of the foot.
- passage height 1.9-2.0 m. The size depends on the growth of users is calculated taking into account the growth of the highest member of the family + 5 cm.
- A comfortable internal staircase width is the distance between the wall and the handrail or between two handrails 0.90- 1.00 m.
design - the most important stage of construction of the ladder.Approved in error transform construction ladder with their hands in a waste of time, effort and money.Projects of all staircases are performed similarly, regardless of the material, and the rules are identical, and calculations.
prepare the necessary materials ↑
finally decided that building a ladder with their hands from the lumber.For the production of stringers suitable pine boards with a width of 40 mm.Riser, from which you can install and give up, too, can be made of softwood.Optimally, if the tread is made of solid woods.
Council.It is better to buy ready-made stage of plywood, laminated veneer lumber by like the bars of a different direction of fibers.They will not warp, crack, crack.
properly done stringers ↑
According to the projected size stages will draw curve.Then apply a markup on the board and her jigsaw drank original teeth.Those who wish to know how to build a ladder with their hands with no errors and rework, surely guessed that all elements must be symmetrical.So, the first beam sawed with teeth will serve as a template for the production of a second, and if the width of the staircase will be 1.20 or 1.50 m, and the third.
Mounting elements stages ↑
Treads and risers are attached to the stringers with nails and screws.Master who chooses not to use the factory-finished components will need to cut it out, and even these elements made for them patterns.
considered a more reliable structure for the bearing beams which initially set a simple triangular or more complex fillies.For their mounting and dowel and require pre-made grooves.
establish balusters and railings ↑
to install each baluster will use an anchor or stud.First on the markup "inculcate" at the pin end of the glue that take root across the tread then kosour, then tighten and screw it on the free end of the baluster.Likewise, set fence posts between which balusters.At the end of posts and balusters are equipped with handrails.
video about common mistakes ↑
Before work worth seeing videos from listand a description of common errors.Wishing to implement the production of stairs with his hands video tells a lot of valuable information.
autographic process of building a ladder can not be classified as a simple, but highly complex task, he also is not.The main snag a competent design.And then the lead performer must meticulousness and precision, and everything will turn out for sure.