specifics of the room dictates the conditions for the selection of finishing materials.Bath - a room with high humidity and severe temperature changes.If the sauna is an ideal material tree (lime or aspen), then the vestibule, the changing room, showers, rest rooms for the best finishing material will be facing tile.Because tile is resistant to changes in temperature, resistant to increased humidity, easy to clean, and most importantly, it is absolutely harmless to health, when heated it does not emit harmful substances.But as you know, tile is different.It is different not only in form, color, size, surface texture, and also different performance characteristics.What kind of tile baths will fit best?- Try to understand.
How to choose the right tile for a bath?↑
choosing tile, we, first of all, pay attention to the color, pattern, texture, shape.But if you choose
In accordance with European standards of classification tiles on the floor in the bath must be selected with the lowest moisture absorption, because it is in constant contact with water.The higher the porosity of the tiles, the more it absorbs moisture.Tiles with low water absorption (AI, BI) more dense, heavily cut.The porosity depends on the initial composition of the mixture of clay and the method of manufacture.Tiles can be made by extrusion (denoted "A") or compression ("B").Extrusion involves extruding dough through a special molding machine and cutting to the desired size (you can obtain various forms of tile, each tile will be exactly the same as previous).During compression, each tile formed from the ceramic mass under pressure.
buying tiles, should also pay attention to its geometry, which is the correct form - plane and shutter angles.Uneven tile is very difficult to stack.It is difficult to define "by eye" Whether smooth tile, but there is one simple way - two tiles stacked together "face to face" if they are in close contact with one another throughout the plane and the angles are the same - good tiles.
Floor tiles in the bath is subjected to the most severely affected, and therefore demand it higher than the tile wall.As a rule, the floor in the bath constantly wet so selected tile with the lowest water absorption, wear resistance and the highest strength.In addition, the floor tile baths should not be slippery.Preferably, the selected tiles with a rough surface.
important point is the choice of tile adhesive.For laying tiles in the bath adhesive must have good moisture resistance and bonding properties.Especially quality should be the glue when gluing tiles on old ceramic tile or glass.In addition, the prepared adhesive mortar should not be to freeze very quickly to be able to adjust the position of alignment glued tiles.
Tools and tiling in the bath ↑
So, we need:
- wall tiles;
- tile adhesive mixture;
- tier line;
- rubber mallet (mallet);
- capacity for breeding glue;
- drill with a mixer;
- bowl of water for soaking the tile;
- plastic crosses;
- fishing line or twine;
Operation in stages ↑
Laying the tiles in the bath is practically no different from facing any other premises.Is that to ensure the flow of water on the floor tiles in the bath can be laid with a slope.First of all, it is necessary to prepare the surface for tiling.The walls and floor cleaned of dirt and peeling.If necessary, level the uneven floor screed and the walls - plaster.The next step - a breakdown of the surface, which is set around the perimeter of the surface of the beacons, between which pull the fishing line or twine, which will be checked for evenness tile.If you intend to blow the pattern previously should make a detailed layout of the tiles.
Notice.Tiles before laying must be wet, for which it is placed in a container of water.Let the tiles will be in the water as out of it will not cease to leave air vials.The adhesive mixture of tile is best to plant in a plastic container, mixing with an electric drill with a mixer until smooth.
on the wall and floor tile laying begin from the corner.On the prepared surface is applied tile adhesive, which will be laid tiles.Since the adhesive mixture hardens very quickly and becomes unusable, it is applied to a portion of the surface for bonding of one tile.
screed glue over the entire area laying dipped in water with a notched trowel.It is important that the adhesive thickness is not greater than the thickness of the tile.Then paste tiles, tapping gently with a rubber mallet, aligning it with the line-level.
between the stacked tiles inserted special plastic crosses of the same size, they will help set the same gap between adjacent tiles.
Remains of glue around the edges is removed with a spatula, and then proceed to install the next tile.During installation it is necessary to constantly monitor the evenness of the series and the plane surface (checked with the help of line and line-level).
After complete curing adhesive plastic crosses removed, sealed seams between the tiles special grout with a rubber spatula.You can use the grout in a contrasting color with respect to the primary color tiles.Or apply the grout with a tile one tone - a matter of personal preference.The remains of grout is wiped with a wet sponge.
Video: facing tile baths ↑
As you can see, ceramic tile in the bath the most appropriate decoration material, because of its numerous advantages (long life, durability, attractive appearance, resistance to temperature changes).Laying the tiles in the bath repeats in general terms the process of decorating tiles any other premises.It is important to only take responsibility for the choice of materials with the desired properties.