Today polymeric floors are very popular in modern construction, and well-deserved.This seamless coverage, attracting its performance characteristics are not too high cost and durability.In addition, they are the most beautiful and unpretentious, so apartment dwellers prefer them.
advantages floor of polymers ↑
polymeric self-leveling floors - high-tech coatings with such unique properties that are inconceivable in the application of concrete, linoleum, ceramic, ie traditional materials.
Indeed, dignity significant and worthy of attention of consumers:
- durability - their use pays for itself due to the long life (assuming proper operation - up15 years) reliability;
- heat resistance - Good resistance to high / low temperature;
- durability - exceptional performance to abrasion;
- chemical stability - is more concerned with epoxy flooring, they are not afraid of solvents, alkalis, salts;
- flexibility - especially this advantage relates to polyurethane coating (any cracks in the concrete surface overlap);
- hygiene and harmlessness - full compliance with the sanitary-epidemiological norms, that is deposited in the state they are completely harmless.Moreover, they do not start any bacteria or microorganisms;
- dustless - addressed one of the main problems of concrete floors.
And also very relevant for machine cleaning facilities seamlessly floors quickly applied and after 24-48 hours you can walk on them.And the most important advantage - the set designs, different colors, and if desired, self-leveling floors in the apartment can be made in several colors.
But there are some disadvantages: you need a reason to control humidity in the future is difficult to remove the cover.
Forms polymer flooring ↑
Classification by type of coverage:
- epoxy self-leveling floors - this is a two-component coating with an organic base, an excellent option for rooms with high humidity index.It can be concluded that the most they are suitable for bathroom and kitchen.In fact, it is the most common polymer coating in the world, because it fully meets the technical requirements and is characterized by a fairly low cost;
- polyurethane - have a good impact resistance.It is a single component liquid composition that visually resembles oil paint.This type is mainly used in the hallway and the hallway, because there is a higher degree of abrasion of the surface;
- epoxy-urethane - suitable for places where there is constant movement of people;
- methylmethacylate - this kind of competition is to be used in unheated rooms.
But with regard to relief, the polymer coating for the floor can be smooth, rough and textured.
technology application, especially ↑
If you wish to have a beautiful apartment decorated with self-leveling coating of high quality, it is better to turn to professionals, because the resin flooring - technology specific and complicated (each type has its polymer technology).
These experts have got off the floor so that it does not lose its valuable properties, that is, the nerves will be saved and the number of materials.In fact, the whole process consists of several stages:
- preliminary grinding surface of the base;
- thorough dust removal;
- applying the primer;
- basic coverage;
Well, if you have confidence in their abilities and skills, and you are not the timid, it is possible to carry out all the work yourself.On this and now it will go.
screed their own ↑
So, we decided to apply a polymeric self-leveling floor with their hands?Then you need to start with the preparation of the base.
Important: this phase depends on the positive properties of the coating of the future, and it concerns the absence of defects: roughness, blistering.
Many people make the mistake of thinking that the base of the floor can only be concrete.This misperception as it can be even wood, tiles.Then proceed to the preparation.
tree - you need to make sure that on this basis there was no fat and oil, just clean and dry (dust is removed with a vacuum cleaner).Before applying the surface of the floor should be sanded or sanded.Operating Humidity - 8-10%.
Important: wood is the guarantor of strength, you can expect a very unpleasant surprise - on a thin layer floor cracks.
Concrete - humidity no more than 4%, the surface - clean, fairly flat (without major deviations), if necessary, use a mosaic-polishing machines.There are times when "native" concrete floor there are large cracks, then you can use self-leveling filler of the coating.Also, they can glue fiberglass, covered with sand, and once a day to remove.Only after such preparation is applied primer.
Ceramic tiles - tiles on a mandatory basis should be securely attached.If there are problem areas, the bad tiles must be removed and formed glade zashpatlevat.Then the surface is washed, degreased with an organic solvent.Then, primer is applied, which increases the adhesion.
Important: degreasing - a mandatory procedure, without dropping the clutch.
The next step is priming.It is necessary to close the porosity of concrete and prevent postupanie air on the surface of the floor, because the consequence will occur deffekty.The application of primer is added to quartz sand (surface roughness is formed), that is, increases adhesion to the substrate.
Important: sand should be dry, clean, fine.
With priming should not have any difficulties.Grunt just bought at the store, and is applied with a roller.If it is strongly absorbed, it is desirable to carry out the procedure twice.At the same time save on the primer is not worth the price and the costs are low, but the quality of sex is much worse without its use.
Application of the base layer (base) - 6-12 hours after the above process (if polyurethane), and one day, if the epoxy floor.These are average figures, so you need to pay attention to the time specified on the package.
Important: viewed floors are very sensitive to temperature changes during installation, so the amplitude of the fluctuations should not be greater than 2 degrees.
base layer - a specific continuous coating (it is free from defects), which is applied by pouring.So, everything is in such a scenario: the floor is poured a polymer composition, which is then evenly distributed.If large-scale work, the floor can be poured into the squares of a checkerboard pattern of alternating stripes.The parts are joined by spontaneous leveling and spreading mass.
main working tool - a squeegee, a special device with an adjustable clearance (applied to the desired thickness).But in hard to reach places, you can use a spatula.
Also, there is another indispensable tool - krakostupy, tips on shoes, they have to have the sole steel spikes.With their help, you can freely move around the drawing of the floor, it does not corrupt.
While the base layer dries, you need a couple of times to roll on it aeration roller (with long spines), with the help of the air bubbles are removed.
For more beauty you can to cover the strike "chips" - specific pieces of sheet polymer, that is, to create an original pattern and oneswoop hide unevenness in the floor (if any).Then apply a thin layer of transparent polyurethane varnish.
Important: Self-leveling floors can be applied to a single layer and multiple (performed interlayer grinding).
Finishing coat - poured through 2 days after the base (thickness 1-2 mm), he is responsible for the color of the floor.
This type of flooring is practically does not shrink, but nevertheless temperature-contraction joints (along the walls, doors) should be cut, because the coating is applied to the concrete and test them all together with the deformation.Then, the joints are treated with sealant.
Polymer floors with their own hands - a reality, you must strictly adhere to the technology, and in 5-7 days it will be possible to contemplate the magnificent filler coating.Very interesting option - self-leveling resin floor with a large and colorful mosaics.Separated by a thin plastic strips that are placed before the start of operation in accordance with the card fills.It looks such a wonderful amazing cover!
few words about cost, there's nothing complicated: Polymer floors - the price depends on the flatness and / or the presence of the concrete base of the requests for decoration (monotone, drawing, different colors), the thickness, the type of polymer.And here comes the name of the manufacturer and the complexity of installation (if workers are hired from the side).But if the landlord wants to get a chic liquid polymer flooring - its price should not be confused, because the design intent can be very original.This will be discussed further.
innovative coating 3d ↑
At the present time, becoming more and more popular polymer flooring 3d.It's a great way to express your individuality, because many people uninteresting and sometimes tedious routine and commonplace.And this kind of decorative floors diversify the interior, making notes of originality and exclusivity.This color palette is very wide, here is where to turn, and to dream.Such a variety of shades - conclusive proof that the end result will be terrific, trendy and unusual.
What is their essence?Modern technology has opened new horizons in the creation of decorative self-leveling floor can be used stone, wood, metal, these materials look great under a transparent polymer.Plus, you can do the various photos, drawings, logos, and even reflective geometric shapes.
To be honest, they can not be called cheap and accessible pleasure.But it is very beautiful, besides the cost of paying off multiple positive characteristics (already mentioned).
Video: one option 3d ↑
From the information provided it is clear that the choice is, it all depends on personal desires.But the fact that the self-leveling floors embellish and enrich the design of the apartment no one will not argue, it's a fact.