The technology of applying self-leveling floor, specificity and consistency fill

By Admin | Garden And Buildings / Design
22 April 2016

Among the many ways devices floor surface special place is self-leveling floors.The popularity is due to many useful properties - covering tough, abrasion resistant, smooth, resistant to changes in temperature and humidity.If you decide to radically change the design of the room, the most valuable discovery will undoubtedly self-leveling floors - application technology allows to implement any design ideas for decorating the floor - from the imitation wood, marble, stone coverings to recreate any of colorful and even three-dimensional images.


One of the major characteristics of the polymer coating is its thickness.Resistance to abrasion depends on the nature of the film-forming material and the thickness of the floor.It can be classified polymeric c

oating durability as follows: a minimum service life of thin-film coatings have, at the average self-leveling floors, maximum service life at high filled floors.
most important and laborious stage of self-leveling floor - a training base, which must be carefully leveled.If the surface is to have at least a slight bias, the entire mass of filler just to drain into the bottom corner.

Poured floors with 3D effect
One of the compelling benefits of self-leveling floors - the ability to create a surface with a 3D effect

Entry Standard: preparation ↑

For additional insulation of the floor slab is recommended to pour even layer of expanded clay.Cement-sand screed (can be made from water, sand and cement on their own, or use one from purchased mixtures for floor screed) should pour over the expanded clay, carefully aligning the surface of the screed.After complete drying of the screed floor can be poured.

Consistency self-leveling floor mixture resembles a liquid cream.The mixture for self-leveling floor consists of resins and polymers with various additives and fillers.The correct preparation of the surface depends on the durability of self-leveling floor, as well as the quality of the coating (no defects on the surface).The most practical basis for self-leveling floor screed concrete is considered.Some experts say that the base can be made of wood.Yet we advise to refrain from applying the self-leveling floor on a wooden base, because of the sensitivity of wood to changes in temperature and humidity.

The main requirements to the concrete surface - the absence of excessive moisture in the priming (residual moisture content no higher than 4%).After the screed must elapse time necessary to remove residual moisture from the concrete, if the time is running out and the time for drying of the screed not possible to use bicomponent epoxy primer, water-based.

the presence of irregularities screed must first be abraded.Also grinding screed opens the pores of the concrete, which contributes to better adhesion of the primer.

If the floor is covered with ceramic tiles, you can use it as a basis for self-leveling floor.To do this will need to wash and degrease the tiles, then primed (for better grip with the subsequent layer).If there are any stragglers tiles, they are removed, and the resulting empty space is filled with cement mortar fixing.

technology fills the floor ↑

To work brought the expected result, you must strictly adhere to the technological sequence and follow the manufacturer's recommendations the mixture or solution.

Why require priming ↑

priming provide maximum adhesion between the rough surface and fill solution

primer prevents the penetration of air into the screed, thus prevents the formation of bubbles.The primer is applied to clean the prepared surface using a roller.To improve the adhesion to the self-leveling floor has not dried soil is sprinkled with fine clean sand.For priming apply a primer for concrete, it is recommended not to save on the primer, and if the soil is absorbed quickly apply it again.

Fill the base layer ↑

For efficient use of materials, as well as to the surface of the inlet floor was smooth, no blisters and clots requires careful alignment of the surface of the subfloor.Self-leveling floor consists of two layers: a base and finish.

The base layer
basecoat application

base layer (thickness 2-3 mm) is applied after 6-12 hours after priming if the application to be polyurethane floor and after 12-17 hours, if the application to be epoxy floor.The base layer is a continuous coating is applied by pouring.The polymeric composition is poured onto the floor, distributed evenly over the surface.If you cover a larger area, the polymer mass is filled with alternating bands.Weight spontaneously spread and leveled.For the application of self-leveling floor using a special tool with an adjustable gap (squeegee), thereby allowing the polymer layer thickness desired.

Aeration roll in
Rolling filler composition roller

To remove air bubbles from the material it is recommended to dry base mix to roll over the surface of a special roller with long spikes.Rolling should be carried out in different directions from the instrument without removing material, for 10-15 minutes, to finish the process should increase the viscosity of the composition.When manufacturing floor was used a two-component, knead only the amount of mixture that can be used before its hardening.During the rolling surface aeration roller to dress shoes "kraskostupy" they have special metal spikes that do not violate the filler coating.Before a long break in the work required to laundering of the entire instrument in solvent.

Weight variations decor ↑

can decorate freshly poured floor using plastic "chips" in a contrasting color, or to make other filler to give the floor an additional effect.Gloss, color stains, colored specks, unique applications of leaves, pieces of wood, coins, seashells help create a unique design of the floor.This method also allows to visually hide minor surface defects.The next step - applying a thin layer of polyurethane varnish.Luck can be colored, colorless, matte or glossy.

Particularly interesting look 3d leveling floors - this manufacturing technique is characterized by using high-quality prints and transparent liquid materials.If you are interested in realization of the boldest ideas for decoration, look at how self-leveling floors are made 3d - technology video is presented below.

Fill topcoat ↑

24 hours after applying the base, but not later than 48 hours, you can apply the final coat (1-2 mm thick).To improve the chemical properties of the coating and maintain a distinctive sheen, it is recommended to complete the fill floors with a thin layer of polyurethane varnish.The resulting monolithic seamless coverage, practically does not shrink temperature, but expansion joints in the doors and the walls need to be sure to cut, then they should be filled by special sealant.

Poured floors 3D video technology ↑

Before applying the finishing layer should be properly prepared base: clean the surface for painting or varnishing.Perhaps floor coating in one layer or in several.If the floor is represented by several layers before recoating every previous layer sanded.

Useful advice and tips ↑

is important to follow the instructions for applying the mixture to the inlet floor, is especially important indicator of temperature.If the product is applied at a temperature well below that specified in the instruction, the mixture will solidify long, bad spread, the mixture will need considerably more, and the appearance of the coating can not meet the expectations.Higher temperatures speed up the curing mix, but negatively affects the quality of the composition of (suffering appearance and durability of the coating).When Infusion floors in the room must maintain a constant temperature until completion of hardening of the mixture.Increasing the temperature during freezing resulting in the formation of bubbles.Priming the surface must also be under constant conditions of temperature and air bases, to avoid the appearance of defects.The sharp decrease in temperature leads to the formation of condensation on the surface.In such circumstances, to carry out work is unacceptable.Uncured coating must be protected for 24 hours from contact with any surface moisture.If moisture is broken curing process, the coating turns white, bubbles appear on the surface and pores.It is important to surface cleanliness and providing adequate ventilation.

Poured floors to implement bold designs
Poured floors to implement bold designs

Video: Technology pouring floors ↑

On the basis of the submitted photos and videos can be folded only a general impression of the method, the device of floors, but in spite of some difficulties of execution, the result is superiorexpectations.