repair the house would be incomplete without a view of the installation of such an element of the interior as the doors.They shield living spaces from external negative factors contribute to heat and sound insulation, bring warmth and comfort.Ordinary, at first glance, they differ in material, shape, color, design, and have many kinds of classifications.Despite their differences, all the doors require specific knowledge and skills to install them.This is a very laborious and precise work of jewelry for a team of two people.Despite the complexity of the work, installation of doors with their hands quite capable of anyone who is skillful with tools.The main thing is to do everything slowly, measured, without haste, observing the rules of the installation of doors.
Technology how to properly install the door can be divided into several stages:
- Measurements option, the acquisition of doors.
- Preparation of the opening for installation of the new door.
- Installing hinges and locks on the door leaf.
- assembly of the door frame.
- Installation of additional elements.
- Fixing the door frame in the doorway.
- compound leaf with a box.
- Fixing design using foam.
- Mounting accessories and trims.
to perform the work required specific tool :
- chisel 16 and 20 mm;
- screwdriver and a screwdriver;
- hacksaw on wood with fine teeth;
- miter box;
- drill and hammer;
- possible milling machine, circular saw.
Materials for the installation of doors :
- door leaf and door frame;
- door furniture (handles, hinges, locks);
- nails, screws and dowels.
Preparation doorway to install doors ↑
Before installing the door, you must prepare the installation site.If you have an old door, then dismantle it.To this end, using a crowbar, avoiding strong and sharp movements, first remove frames.Gently lifts the hinge and remove from the old door leaf.With that same crowbar dismantle the door frame, to facilitate the process to file box in a few places with a hacksaw.Quite often in the homes of doorframe cemented.And in order to remove it, will have to break the cement with a hammer.
To facilitate the installation of the door can be leveled slopes and poshtukaturit.The finalization clear the doorway of debris.If the door has never been used, then you can immediately start its measurements.
of measurements, selection, purchasing ↑
To purchase the correct door size required height and width, as well as the size of the slopes of the doorway.Since in most cases the doorway has jagged edges, remove the dimensions in several locations and choose the smallest size.
Important!When are the measures should take into account the gap between the door frame and the door opening.It should be 10-15 mm.Installation of doors is recommended to do after installing the floor, if they do not exist, the size should be to lay the floor and the height of the gap between the floor and the door.For a clearer measure can be put in the doorway of the floor covering.It is necessary to know the exact level of the floor, it depends on a free wheeling door.The gap between the door and the floor is usually 10 mm.
Now that the old doors removed, withdrawn sizes and slopes leveled and finished to putty, you can order the door.Normally, doors are of standard dimensions, but if necessary, can make an individual order according to the size of the door opening.
to select the right door, you need to know their type and purpose.For installation in the building should pay attention to the entrance, doors and, if appropriate, on the kitchen doors.
also selected by way of opening.The most popular option - a hinged door.Manufactured door roughly the same technology - a harness and internal padding.The power structure or the skeleton of the door, which is inserted into the lock and hinges are attached, sheathed chipboard, MDF or other material, and the interior space is filled.
There are several designs of doors - Solid paneled and smooth.
Smooth doors , they - shield, can be made with an outer layer of MDF and hardboard, sometimes these doors plastic sheathe.They are usually painted, trim veneer or laminated.The price of such doors fluctuates depending on the materials and method of plating.The most practical and affordable doors are trimmed with a laminate.Doors covered with paint, can be both cheap and expensive.It depends on the type of material and method of painting.The most expensive doors are lined with natural veneer.
paneled doors stand out for their open design and the presence of figures, patterned carving and stained glass.Such doors can be filled with glass, carved panels and other materials.They are made in solid precious wood or composite materials.Prices for framed doors depend on the type of materials.The cheapest and affordable made from soft woods, as well as composite materials (MDF, HDF).
array doors are made of fine wood.This affects primarily at its price and weight, they are very high.The doors are covered with a variety of paints and impregnation, thus they are well protected against damage by insects, fungi and mold.
Choosing the right doors and getting them to begin a phased installation of doors.
After buying unpack the door leaf, trim, door frame, transoms, accessories.Carefully inspect all for cracks, chips or other damage.Until such time as not to cut the lock, hinges and other door hardware, door can be returned to the manufacturer.
site preparation for mounting of locks and hinges ↑
Before collecting the door frame should be marked, and select the cutter or chisel attaching hinges and locks on the door leaf and a vertical rack.To do this, the door leaf is installed in a vertical position on the wide side in special supports.In order not to damage the fabric, the inside of the upholstered supports.We put the castle and a pencil outline the place of its installation.To make it convenient to use a lock, set it to a height of 900 mm from the floor.To install loops Measure out 200 mm from the upper and lower edge of the door.We put the loops and planned space for milling.With the manual cutters or chisels choose too much so that the hinges and the lock went to flush.We put them back and drill the holes for the screws zasverlivaem.
Finally, the upright are putting to the door leaf so that there is a gap of 2-3 mm between the horizontal bar of the door frame and door leaf.Note the place hinge, and a lock tab and select using excess milling machine or a chisel.We put the hinges and holes for screws zasverlivaem.
Important!Places under lock and hinges upon the sample cutter or chisel should be treated with varnish.So uncomplicated way the tree will be protected from the effects of moisture.It should be remembered that the input and heavy doors are mounted on three hinges, and the interior will be enough for the two loops.
Installing hinges and lock ↑
When the space under lock and loop selected cutter, you are ready to install them.
with a loop, things are simple.They only need to fasten to the door leaf.
Installing a security, in contrast, require some effort.To the castle became the right side it is applied to the door and as a stenciled outline holes for handles, valves and fixtures.With the help of the cutter or chisel, select the desired depth location for the castle.Then we put it into place and fasten.
Important!If you choose should take into account the width of the lock bar Stoev door.The depth of the hole for the lock should not exceed 1/3 of the width, otherwise avoid deformation of the door leaf.
collection doorframe ↑
start collecting the door frame, measure the height of the uprights and cut them using the miter box.Horizontal bars are made to the size of the door leaf.
Since the collection box requires a large space, then the process of collection carried out on the floor.To avoid accidentally damaging the door frame on the floor under the stand laid two or three wooden slats on the entire length of the door leaf.
We put a horizontal bar to the racks.Junctions can slightly rattle hammer for a better connection, and use the screwdriver fix the box by screwing screws in the corner joints.
Important!There is a door with a ready assembled door frame.Installation of such doors is very simple.In this case, the door box simply fitted in the door and fixed therein.
Mount dobornyh details ↑
If the width of the door would be a few centimeters smaller than the slope of the door, set the transoms.You can do without installing them, but then you have to do is completely slopes, and on them eventually appear chips and dirt.The installation transoms in such cases, the best way out.
transoms used as strips of the same color as the door, the thickness from 8 to 12 mm.In the secured state, they form a small portal, with the edges coincident with the edges of the walls.
Install transoms follows.Using a chisel or a milling doorframe selected quarter 10x10 mm or 8x8 mm, depending on the thickness of the splines transoms.We are doing it all over the external contour of the door frame.Clipped box height transoms vertical bars, as well as the horizontal bar transoms.Install the door frame in place and fix it, then set in clipped quarter trims transoms.Sami strap is attached to the slope with dowels and screws.
Installation of the door frame in the doorway ↑
After assembly of the door frame, proceed to its installation in the doorway.
Set up a box into the opening and fix it with wedges, 2-3 wedge on each bar and 2 bar.Doorframe are aligned vertically and horizontally.Adjust the incline can be easily blows on the wedge.Now it is possible to fix the box.To do this, drill or a hammer drill a hole in the rack and the wall.It remains to put dowels and screws to fasten the box.
Important!Wedges are better made from wood of the same density as the door frame.
Attaching leaf ↑
After installing the boxes begin to hanging doors.First of all we fasten on previously prepared seat hinges.To do this, usually use the so-called card (plate) split hinge with removable core or embedded in the hinge pin.There are one-piece hinges, but they are used less often.In the case embedded in the door leaf hinge pin can be installed or removed only gently lifting it to the height of a small rod.If the design does not allow the door box lifts the door hinges, or use one-piece hinges with removable pin.For installation of permanent hinges simply fix them on the box, and then bolted to the door leaf.To install or remove the door leaf from its hinges to remove the rod, the rod must be removed from the hinge, and then plug it back in.
Now that hinged hinges, door leaf can be put in place.Doing it alone is best when one person holds the door in the air, while the second establishes the one-piece hinges with screws or sends them to the case with collapsible hinges.
Important!When choosing the loop should pay attention to which way the door will open.
Fixing the door frame with foam ↑
gap between the doorway and fill the box with foam, than increase the heat and sound insulation of the door opening.This material makes it possible to fill all the small cracks and crevices.Foam is easy to use and easy to apply on any surface, and due to its astringent properties of the design will be stronger.
Before filling the gap between the doorway and the door frame door frame must be protected from accidentally fell on her foam.To protect her box okleivayut film or masking tape.If, however, the foam hit the door frame, the fresh foam can be cleaned with any alcohol-based solution or solvent.But the hardened foam can only be removed by mechanical means, which is fraught with scratches and scuffs.
Polyurethane foam has the property of increasing in size from 50% to 250%, which may result in deformation of the door frame.To avoid this, set the spacer between the uprights or thick cardboard is placed between the already established and firmly closed the door leaf and the door frame.Before you start filling in the foam cylinder with it should be carefully shake for a minute.For better adhesion to the surface of the foam opening and an outer side of the door frame can be slightly moistened with water.The main thing is not to overdo it, otherwise the effect will be exactly the opposite.
for reinsurance on the deformation and distortion of the door frame mounting foam is best applied in two stages.In the first approach the foam is applied to a dot.Having foam harden, 1-3 hours can fill the remaining void.Excess foam cut off after its complete solidification.
Important!In the case where the gap between the opening and the door frame is too narrow, tube foam sprayer can be slightly flattened, it will be more convenient, and most importantly, qualitative fill all voids.
If the gap between the doorway and a box of large, 8-9 cm or more, then the space lay suitable material (wood, plasterboard, etc.) and then later fill with foam.
vertical gap should be filled with foam, starting from the bottom and gradually moving up.Thus, the foam will create a support itself.In the case of transoms they should be additionally set spacer to avoid deformation.
Installation trims and door hardware ↑
At the final stage of the installation installs the door trims.First casing pruned height, then the upper edge of the vertical casings are cut at an angle of 45 degrees.Such trimming is done at 45 degrees to the horizontal casing at both ends.For these operations, we use the miter box.Fix the casing is possible by means of small nails or glue universal installation.
hammer nails should be at 300 - 400 mm, starting from the top corner.When using adhesive, then apply it to the back side and the casing wall.Firmly pressed casing, if necessary fasten his clamp and leave to dry completely.
climax of the whole work will be the installation of door accessories - handles, valves, locks, latches and couplers, washer lock, door stops.