final stage of work on the laying of the tiles on the wall or floor is grouting - filling joints specially prepared composition, the color of which can match the color of the tiled surface, or, conversely, be a contrast.If necessary, the treated joints also are treated with sealant.Besides decorative function protects the grout joints from moisture and can hide any defects of masonry, but poorly executed can spoil the appearance of flawless laying tile.Advice on how to wipe the tile joints on the right, will help to avoid mistakes and prolong the life of a beautiful and lasting ceramic flooring or walls in any room of your home.
assortment jointing materials ↑
to finish processing the seams at the ju
- grouting cement-based;
- two-component grout based on epoxy resins.
cement grout tiles sold as a dry mix, which is necessary before using water or liquid latex to bring to desired consistency.Based on a mixture of this type of portland cement, and as additives in the composition may include curing agents, dry latex and pigments.If you can not find ready-made trowel mix the desired color, you can buy yourself and add white dye before use.
on epoxy grout comprise two components - an epoxy resin and the hardener, providing a high strength and resistance welds to both moisture and aggressive chemicals.Epoxy grout is sufficiently viscous and quickly hardens, it is necessary to work efficiently and quickly.Besides domestic furnishing most commonly used ceramic tiles with a thickness not exceeding 12 mm, and the width of the joints at the junctions is 3-6 mm, and such narrow joints viscous epoxy grout simply can not fill, but when facing domestic swimming pools or othercustom objects, it is indispensable.
Good to know!
choosing epoxy grout for tile, do not confuse it with a sealant based on elastomers, on the packaging which usually indicate that they are designed for tile work.Seals are used to fill the possible voids between the tile and the substrate during installation, but to fill the joints are not suitable.
width seams - factor selection ↑
width of the joints between the tiles one chooses to your liking, but the surface lined finishing ceramic square or rectangular shape of any standard size from 10 to 60 cm looks aesthetically and careful when joint width 3mm.Too wide joints in this case visually slightly depress elegant design and simplify the ceramic surface.
when using irregularly shaped tiles wider seam to 12 mm, on the contrary enhances the decorative effect of the tiled surface.But wide seam can crack during the operation and even the addition of coarse sand, recommended in such cases, does not exclude the probability of facing unpleasant defect.
too narrow groove width of less than 3 mm can also crack if used trowel the mixture is too liquid consistency, or, conversely, thick grout does not fill the entire space of the seam and through the voids in the liner enters the water.In addition, the seam is still a shock absorber that protects the lining from destruction when a possible expansion or contraction of the tiles when the temperature drops, and with a width of 1-2 mm, it loses this ability.
width connecting joints 3-12 mm is considered optimal, also because it allows to use not only the most simple cement grout, diluted with water, but also latex, acrylic or epoxy grouts.
Grouting tile: Video ↑
Work on the design of the joints between the tiles is available, even for beginners, but it requires skill.As is done in stages grouting tiles - video material:
How to clobber: advice and tips ↑
Like the other finishing work grouting ceramic tile begins with a thorough cleaning of the tiled surface and remove the dividing crosses.
important to remember!
If dividing the crosses are not removed, a layer of a mixture of the trowel to them will be thinner than a layer of binder solution, and therefore its color after hardening and cladding will be different will look untidy.
When working with glazed tiles can be wipe dry well stiffened joints.Facing the beginning of unglazed ceramics must be moistened at the joints: this will prevent the intense absorption of moisture from the mixture trowel.You can wet the tiles from the spray gun, but in moderation.If fresh grout will flow down streams of water from the tiles, it can become too thin, and after drying crack.
cement and epoxy resin included in the grout can cause inflammation of mucous membranes and allergic reactions, so when working with these materials is recommended to use protective goggles, a respirator and rubber gloves.Grouting tile comprises the following steps:
- trowel cooking pastes;
- applying grout to the joints;
- dry cleaning seams;
- final wet cleaning welds.
Preparation trowel paste ↑
dry ingredient mixture trowel cement-based and, if necessary, dry pigment, pour into a large clean container, pour specified by the manufacturer of water and stirred first by hand and then mechanically using an electric mixer construction.
The result should be a solution with the consistency of a very thick cream.If the mixture gets too thick, add water, bring it to the optimal consistency.If the grout is used for coloring the liquid dye, it must be added into the prepared paste and mix well with a mixer.Solution for complete swelling of the components are left on for 10-15 minutes and then stirred with a mixer until a homogeneous smooth consistency.
application of grout to the joints ↑
trowels paste applied to wall tiles and evenly distribute its wooden trowel or trowel float towards the butt joints between tiles, carefully fill them with a mixture.
tool must be kept at an angle of 30 ° to the tile and the mixture is applied on the diagonal movements.Trowels solution firmly pressed into the joint, filling all corners of the brim, the emptiness, the cracks are not filled with adhesive.In the process of grouting liquid fraction paste will gradually come to the surface, and the seams are filled with a solid fraction of cement, sand and polymer additives.
should not be directly applied trowel paste the entire surface to be treated.Paste seams on an area of about 1 square meter, determine how quickly grasp the grouting solution, and then decide how often you need to stop and clean the already treated areas.
use grout bag ↑
when working with the surface, lined with tiles difficult to clean, for example, natural or artificial stone imitating it, apply grout to the joints can, using a special grout bag with a tip like a pastry bag.
Filling seam paste bag starts at the top and at least fill each seam down to the bottom.This grout should squeeze out a little more than necessary amount.Once the mixture starts to set, its a piece of rubber cables with a diameter greater than the width seam gently pressed into the joint, and after about 30 minutes, the excess compressed in the joint grout can be removed with a stiff brush.
Dry Cleaning grout joints ↑
filling all the joints with a mixture of the trowel, the excess is removed with a special tile trowel, holding the tool is almost perpendicular to the tile and making a diagonal motion in the direction of the joints, trying not to offend.If the float, hitting the seam captures lump grouting, the dent should be refilled and level the surface of the joint.To fully grasp the grout must be a certain time, the duration of which depends on the formulation of the mixture.Stripped of excess mixture previous section lining, occasionally stir trowel paste in the container so that it is ready to continue the seams in the next section.Wet
final purification ↑
The rate of evaporation of moisture and complete setting grout leaves from 5 to 20-30 minutes, depending on the type of tile adhesive, substrate type, moisture and temperature.And on the tile surface composition can freeze very quickly, but at the seams will remain moist.To check whether the grout is ready for wet cleaning, it tested abundantly soaked sponge on a small area facing.The mass in the joints should be tight, supple, but not hard.
If grout reaching for wet sponge, then to wet cleaning seams she is not ready.Adhering to the surface of the tiles until you can remove the paste special abrasive grater, leaving no scratches on the tiles.After cleaning the tile grout with dried, gently wipe it with a damp sponge wrung well.
for wet cleaning of facing need a bucket of clean water and a sponge with rounded edges, which does not leave grooves in the old tired joints.First richly moistened sponge with tiles and joints remove all excess grout, washing away soft circular motions wet cement and sand particles and controlling, so that the seams do not appear jammed groove.Sponge frequently rinsed and drained and cleaned for each reception area of 1-2 square metersWhen processing veneered surface area of more than 8-9 m, the water must be changed.
finished the first stage of wet cleaning, carefully inspect all jammed joints and if necessary align them first smooth wooden or plastic stick of circular cross section and then wrung damp sponge.
joint width is set at a laying, but the shape is selected according to personal preference and taste.Usually if the lining is made of tiles with smooth sharp edges, grouting joint is formed flush with them.When the rounded top edge of the tiles form grout joint often chooses tiler, but to rise above the surface of the lining, he should not.
Finally, once cleaned and ceramic lining of the joints is not from the remnants of grout, and on a cloudy whitish plaque until it reaches its final form and leave for 15-20 minutes until dry.For the matte unglazed tiles to complete the removal of stains and muddy streaks may need one or two stage wet scrubbing with the change of water.
grout containing acrylic or latex additives, more difficult to grasp and can be washed.If this happens, the traces of the trowel paste can be washed with acid cleaners or special tool to remove plaque.Only formulations containing acid, can be used after complete setting grout.
epoxy grout or polymer ↑
very difficult to make a recommendation which grouting tile better, it depends on the type of tiles and purpose of the room in which it will operate.With grouting cement-based work easier, but it quickly wears out and requires periodic updates.Grout-based polymers and epoxy resin provides a very strong and durable seams, you can create unusual decorative effects, but work with it it requires special skills and should be carried out very quickly.How is such a grouting tiles - video tutorial on working with a mixture of polymer-based:
However, when working with containing cement trowelling compounds at the final stage surface, lined with brushed hygroscopic tiles, including jammed joints, covered with a thin layer of sealant, usingconventional paint roller.If the surface is lined with glossy tiles, can be treated with a sealant grout joints just by clicking on it a fine brush to the composition.For complete drying grout will take 2-3 weeks and then you can use the room, enjoying a beautiful durable floor, stylish bathroom or putting apron on the working kitchen wall.