drywall is a process of plating surface gypsum boards.This is the most economical and fastest way to hide the existing irregularities in the substrate.Decorating the walls with the use of this material is preliminary work prior to application of plaster, paint or wallpaper pasting the walls.In addition to the alignment, installation of drywall allows insulate and soundproof room.
list of required↑
tools to conduct installation of plasterboard with their hands, need some special tools that are best prepared in advance.For each phase of work characterized by their tools to make the w
- level, laser level;
- Coloring lace.
In the manufacture of the frame need:
- Shears for metal.
When using gypsum boards must use the following tools:
- Rake required length;
- sharp knife;
For qualitative plugging holes by screws, joints sheets and angles should prepare the following tools:
- capacity, which will get involved in the mixture;
- rollers and brushes for the primer;
- Grater with mesh or sandpaper.
Of course, you can not use the all of the above instruments or to replace them with alternative supplies.
options fastening drywall ↑
Modern technology drywall highlights two ways:
- Frameless version (using special adhesive mixtures based on cement or gypsum);
- Wireframe option (use the frame made of metal profiles or wooden beams).
any method shall ensure that the main task - the smooth, reliable and durable fastening of sheets of drywall, located in one plane.
Each option is reliable and durable, important to spend quality installation.
attached without frame ↑
to use when installing frameless method of coating the walls should not be composed of loose material to be dry, dust-free and unpainted enamel or oil paint.When using cement or plaster adhesive polymeric base should be strong, primed and quite flat (allowed only small differences).Under the drywall, arranged in this manner, it is impossible to lay the insulation, so you have to use the loop insulation foam.The advantages frameless method are: a beautiful sound insulation of structural noise, a minimum set of tools used, a short distance from the face to the ground.
Frame method - efficiently, reliably ↑
This method involves the installation of sheets on a ready-made frame, assembled from metal profiles or of timber.Carcass method suitable for more complex repairs, for example, creating an arch or layered complex ceiling structure.For similar works this kind of installation is considered the most reliable.
to manufacture metal frame used profile of galvanized steel, which has a notch for the blind rigidity and through holes, intended for its attachment to the surface.It should be noted that the installation in this way achieved a weak sound insulation, requiring the application of additional measures to ensure it.On the downside can be attributed, and a large set of tools required to perform the work.Profile of a metal frame is durable and humidity resistant, standardization used different elements.The advantage of this frame gets its application on surfaces with high roughness and it is possible to lay the insulation.
for manufacturing a skeleton of wood used dry, smooth, planed timber.Undoubtedly, this type of frame is different environmentally friendly material has good sound insulation and allows you to build additional insulation.After assembling the wooden frame should conduct processing special impregnation, which protects the material from moisture, mildew, rot, bugs.
marking surface mounting frame ↑
for quality repair work should be performed markup surface.
marking the walls in the following sequence.It is necessary to measure the distance of 5-6 cm from the corner to the adjacent wall and draw a vertical line.Similarly, you need to draw a line on the opposite wall, and with a long rail line to connect the ceiling and the floor.Further, the angle of the wall should be marked vertical lines at a distance of 60 cm and are staggered to make a mark by 50 centimeters - they will be a place for the installation of the mounting suspension.
When the drywall on the ceiling as a priority, it should be noted the horizontal level of the room.You can use lasers or gidrourovnya.All internal and external corners of the room put down a small mark, then in each corner of the measured distance from scratches to the ceiling and made a mark with the value of the resulting distance.Such manipulation is needed to determine the lowest point of the ceiling, from which to push off when it is lowered.
This is important!When installing the ceiling wireframe minimum lowered to 4 cm from the lowest point.
Found height marked at each corner, and the resulting marks are connected by rail with horizontal lines.Further assembly is carried out on the perimeter of the profile.On the ceiling along the wall is stamped with an interval of 40 cm. Similarly stamped on the opposite side, then connect the points obtained in parallel lines.Each line stamped by 50 cm in a checkerboard pattern, determine the installation location of the suspension.
Conduct wiring under the drywall ↑
After setting all profiles should be ready to start Communications: electrical wiring, network, telephone and television cables.
should be remembered!Regulations require the installation of electrical facilities are for gypsum sheathing power cables in the corrugated pipe, which does not support combustion.It may be plastic or metal hose corrugated labeled NG (non-combustible).
wires with safe voltage ripple does not need to be, but it is able to protect the wiring from damage by sharp edges of the metal frame.
At this stage, you should consider the required number of points of consumption to determine their location and the passage of wires.
Good to know!The wire should extend vertically from the outlet or switch, and the horizontal portions of its passage should be placed at the same height from the junction box.
desirable to graphically display how the wire will be held to avoid problems during its installation in the future.
Wires are attached to the wall for easy connection socket wire length should be left with a small margin from the surface.
How to cut ↑
to correctly and accurately cut the sheet of drywall will need the following tools: a long rack, pencil, tape measure, sharp knife.
to undertake the work is very simple, you need to follow the steps:
- marking sheet of drywall;
- According to the marked line with a sharp knife cut through one layer of paper;
- necessary to fracture the sheet, with gypsum base through slit fractures;
- holding the two halves of the sheet at a right angle, it is necessary to cut through the back of the paper layer.
arisen irregularities ends sticking paper should be sanded a plane designed for drywall, wood with a file or rasp with sandpaper.The end result is a portion of a sheet of drywall required size with neat, smooth edges.
chamfering on the drywall ↑
When joins are sheets having nezavodskie edges should be chamfered at an angle of 45 degrees.At first slice is cut parallel to the paper with a space from the edge of 1 cm, and then chamfered knife.
Subject to these recommendations, the paper on the front side of the sheet will not be lifted up.
How to make a cutout ↑
There are two types of cuts: on the edge and in the middle of the sheet.
to notch the edge you need to partition and cut with a knife on one side of the paper, then jigsaw or hacksaw make two cutting away from the edge.Gypsum boards should dorezat fracture and the back of the paper.
To cut a hole in the middle of the sheet, it should be to saw the three sides, and then break.Or just completely cut out the hole.
Installation of drywall sheets in the profiles ↑
After setting the framework and the preparatory work should be directly attempting to install drywall.For the walls and ceiling, there is one method of attachment.It is necessary to closely attach the sheet to a finished frame such that one edge of the sheet is flush with the wall.Plasterboard sheets are fastened to the profiles with self-tapping screws.
when working you must deepen the screw at such a distance that the tip does not protrude, but was not located too deep.Note that at break of the upper layer of cardboard fixture relaxing place.The distance between the screws should be 20-25 cm.
If the ceiling height is greater than the size of the web drywall, it is necessary to fix the intermediate profile.All of the sheet should be fixed, as otherwise the place will always be joint to crack.In this situation, the next panel, you start with extensibility in a checkerboard pattern - a bottom sheet, cutting the top and vice versa.By such a method is achieved reliability of the entire structure.
Processing joints and recesses of screws ↑
After installation of sheets of drywall should be treated joints zashpatlevat paintings and deepening of the screws.For joints using plaster mixture that when drying forms a very durable material.The edges are bevelled compulsorily subjected to the primer.
at all joints with the factory edge glued reinforcing mesh width of 80-100 mm.In a situation where one or both edges of the sheet are chamfered, to be cut along the grid and to prevent its exit plane.If in such a case to apply the conventional reinforcing mesh width, it will have all the putty surface with a layer of 1-2 mm greater.
Attention!The reinforcing mesh should always be located in the middle of the filler.
About 60% of the recess is filled with a first layer of putty, then the grid should be immersed in the filler and smooth.At the end of the remaining volume of the recess is filled.
recesses of screws also need zashpatlevat, it needs to hold a trowel in different directions, to fill the filler recess.After drying, it is a little drawn, which is the normal situation.Finishing recesses carried finishing putty.
putty, primer before finishing ↑
surface drywall under the wallpaper is desirable proshpatlevat finishing putty that will ensure its monotony.The strength of their bonding does not change during these works.Before pasting wall wallpaper filler must be primed.
Hang tile on gypsum board can be directly on the surface of the cardboard, but before that it must be primed.
drywall hands - video instruction ↑
acquainted with the phased implementation of the works, you can safely carry out their own installation of drywall.This process - installation of plasterboard with their hands video guide describes the visual, allowing understand all the nuances.This article covers the basics of technology drywall allowing qualitatively perform all repairs.
to your questions about how to carry out the installation of drywall - video tutorial gives detailed answers and practical recommendations.