Ventilation basement and cellar of a private house - various circuit devices and their features

By Admin | Garden And Buildings / Communication
09 May 2016

Effective use of basements and cellars impossible without the normalization of temperature and humidity parameters of air, because the lack of ventilation promotes moisture, which leads to the defeat of the ceiling and walls of a fungus and an extremely negative effect on the preservation of the stock of vegetables and home conservation, with which full normal cellarand cellars.Properly arranged a garage with a cellar ventilation will help prevent premature corrosion of the car body.High-quality ventilation of the basement of a private house will enable the area before it is of little use to make a suitable arrangement to further a studio, gym or pantry.Consider now more information on how to make the ventilation in the cellar, in the basement or garage of a private house.The general understanding of the process will be an impetus to the practical application of the information received, that eventually will allow efficient use of living space.

Content

Features ventilation devices in the cellar ↑

As mentioned above, effective ventilation of the basement in the garage - one of the conditions necessary to keep the car, but he is considered only the technical aspect of the destruction of the iron for longer stays in a highly humid environment.Much more important is the fact that a high concentration of vapors in the air of fuel and lubricants, combustion products (exhaust gas) may be hazardous to health.Therefore it is necessary of all possible options to select the most effective ventilation device in the basement, taking into account, of course, economic feasibility.

Features natural device in the basement ↑

Thus, the device of ventilation in the basement mechanical means can be costly.The use of natural ventilation option arrangement, based on the principle of natural air recirculation preferably in technical areas.To implement such a system, ventilation, exhaust unit and supply ducts.The inlet exhaust duct should be on the ceiling and supply - in the opposite corner of the room, as close as possible to the wall at a height of 0.5 m from the floor.

Diagram of the ventilation basement garage
For optimal traction arrangement of the outlet of the supply air to be significantly lower exhaust

This arrangement will ensure optimal air circulation.As the supply air flow of fresh air enters the store and removes waste.Removal of contaminated air is the natural way through the exhaust duct.The velocity of the air flow through the channels depends on the height of the exhaust duct and the temperature difference between the inside and outside of the basement.The height of the chimney vent must be higher than the roof ridge or roof, only the output of the exhaust air will be effective.For obvious reasons, it is sure to supply air outlet protective shield or baffle.If it is technically possible to build a duct near the flue of the boiler or fireplace, be sure to use it - such an arrangement will increase traction in the exhaust duct (due to additional heating).It is desirable both supply ducts with special valves to prevent possible freezing of storage in extreme cold.

How to make the ventilation in the basement
Part duct passing through the attic space must be insulated.

variant with supply and exhaust air duct ↑

for small volume of storage you can use several simplified, so to speak, construction.Supply and exhaust air duct and is designed to supply fresh air and to remove the waste by means of a single wooden structure containing both supply and exhaust duct.Simplified diagram of ventilation cellar in this case enables you to capture a very small amount of air for ventilation.

The device with dual duct ventilation
scheme illustrates the way the device ventilation duct with a two-channel valve to adjust the traction

also possible ventilation unit in the cellar with no fresh air.Air flow in this case will be carried out through various slits, looseness.

Air holes for ventilation of the basement of a private house
If a basement is slightly above ground level, the flow of air through a specially arranged air holes (necessarily equipped grids from rodents) is the best option.

Forced method ↑

main disadvantage of natural ventilation is dependent on weather conditions, such as winter ventilation is most effective because of the large temperature difference, we can say even too effective, so in the winter it is necessary to close the air holes used for air flow inTo prevent freezing basement.In summer, because of the small temperature difference between natural ventilation may be insufficient to organize the optimal ventilation.Proper ventilation of the cellar should provide temporary difficulties ventilation.Perhaps improving the above scheme of ventilation by means of additional equipment exhaust duct fan.Equipped with supply channel for continuous fan operation is not desirable, because the injection rate of the supply air at the lack of effectiveness of the exhaust channel will contribute to polluted air blowing through various leaks and cracks.

Proper ventilation of the basement, which is used for arranging the gym, billiard room
Forced forced-air ventilation is required in the basement, which is used for arranging recreation area

combined ventilation system is used when the need for rapid drying of the basement.Installation of an electric fan in the lumen of the opening of the supply duct ventilation will speed up the necessary parameters at a time when natural ventilation is ineffective.The intense air injection at the inlet hatch open and, of course, open throttle exhaust duct ensure rapid drying of premises with high humidity in the serene hot days.Installation of fans in the supply and exhaust air duct makes sense for ventilation devices in areas with a large area.The operation of such ventilation systems require significant energy consumption.As you can see, the ventilation in the basement with their hands can be arranged effectively only with the understanding of the processes and the careful study of the issue.

Using the automated system ↑

Ventilation cellar must be done while maintaining the stability of temperature and humidity, it is technically possible only in the case of climate equipment of high quality.Thoughts on how to make the ventilation in the basement of the "little blood", can be realized in an irresponsible decision to bypass the need to develop the technical requirements for the preparation of the premises.Subtleties miscalculations point loads on output power ratio of service areas with the necessary power equipment and other subtleties of preparatory work seem insignificant.Meanwhile, the necessary climatic stability can provide a highly skilled assembly.Ventilation in the cellar with their hands can be done, but only with appropriate training and thorough study of the issue.If necessary, the installation of a split system (for maintaining the stability of climate parameters) is better to take the help of highly qualified specialists.