Sewerage for giving is becoming more common.This phenomenon is very correct, because the life of the people must be decent and comfortable.Besides modern sets of sewage are two steps ahead of the normal drain / sump, sewage is processed, cleaned and reset on the terrain.However, the cost of a high degree of convenience is more expensive than the traditional version.
Understanding construction sewerage ↑
device sewage to give a modern type hides a rather complicated multi-stage system consistingseveral components:
- set of sanitary equipment;
- lead-pipe line;
- treatment plant, septic tank, manhole, pit sampling;
- outlet tube;
- leach field.
All this high-tech equipment can be divided into internal, external and cleaning station.Reliability and reliability of all components of the system depends on the correct choice and the careful installation.For the good functioning of the system is necessary to conduct preliminary works that are in the geological exploration of the respective portion of the terrain on which you want the unit drain.The main factor influencing the choice of the system and further design - the type of soil and the groundwater level.Also plays an important role landscape and the presence of natural reservoir.The particular choice of the treatment plant is dependent on:
- conditions - seasonal / permanent residence;
- amount of equipment - sink, shower, toilet, washing machine and dishwasher;
- amount of money provided for the equipment of sewage.
first necessary to determine the daily volume of waste water, and then this figure is multiplied by three, and selected model clearing system.
device sewage in the country is great if it was originally included in the draft housing under construction, that is, pipes and ventilation ducts have already been laid.And if the sewer was not provided, it does not limit its application, but only increases the volume of the preparatory phase.
Preliminary design - the path to success ↑
Before excavation and construction work, you need to create a project called sewerage scheme in the country.This scheme depends on the layout of the house, it is advisable to consider all the details, to draw attention to compact spaces (kitchen, bathroom, WC), because it is there will be a supply and outflow of water.
Fantastic if sanitary equipment can be "tied" to a single collector - the tube that leads into a drainage ditch.And if the cottage is big and the water is brought to her in the opposite parts, the scheme is necessary to provide two sewer cesspools.Well, in the case of multi-storey cottages without installing the riser is not enough.
The project must take into account the amount of sewage sanitary equipment, the depth of the aquifers, soil freezing.Ignoring the latter factors can lead to freezing of the sewage system.
Installation and types of devices sewage ↑
mounting sewer system when it comes to garden under construction begins when the foundation is designed, built walls and a roof equipped.It is desirable and the presence of interior walls, only a Coanda floor should not act hastily.
important step - the location of the sump.This place should be near the road to assenizatorskaya car could get to the hole, and the distance to the house should be 5-20 m.
collector for fecal waste and waste water is on an incline, it lies at a depth of not less than 0.7 m.
Important: at the exit of the house depth of pipes - about 2 m.
When installing the sewage collector pipe inserted into one another and are directed funnels down.You can use cast iron and plastic pipes.A cement joints germetizuyutsya solution impregnated felt.
drain pipes should lie down on the ground untouched: dense surface, no sags, so the tube will not sag and clog it is formed.
Important: riser pipe and collectors should be 10-20 cm in diameter, that is greater than the diameter of the pipes coming from the plumbing.
Sewerage cottages with their own hands can be executed in different versions.I would like to name the most popular choices, how to make the water drain in the country.
Sewerage with a well absorbing ↑
This is the easiest and cheapest form of sanitation.For its devices need these materials: concrete, brick.This well has no bottom wall was not sealed.Wastewater flows into the well, large particles settle, the water goes through the soil.Because the particles are small, the walls and bottom of the well silting quickly work well deteriorates.The drawbacks of this scheme have full - a constant unpleasant smell, as well as a high probability of biochemical contamination and its neighboring area.So, we can conclude that this local sewerage is a threat to the environment.The range of application is narrow, mostly a summer garden, because such sewage unproductive and short-lived.
Septic Tank - try out the type ↑
have sump situation is slightly better.In appearance, a sealed container, it and the waste water drains.This container is made of reinforced concrete or plastic.The advantages of this type of sewage system - tightness, resistance to the processes of decay, to external influences (temperature fluctuations are also here).It is characterized by a long life, but require frequent pumping.
Sewerage in the country in two parts ↑
This option is suitable for a comfortable summer stay at the cottage 2-3 people.The principle is sewage: the first combines the drain of the sink, bathtub, shower and removes waste water untreated into the ravine or ditch.And in the second part leave the toilet sewage that fall into the funded part, and then pumped assenizatorskaya machine.
Septic - a better quality / price ↑
This type of sewage has been a certain degree of mechanical treatment.Driving septic tank is simple: the particles settle to the bottom of wastewater, where they decompose, and special soils (sandy, loamy) filtered.In some cases, the installation of a septic tank is supplemented with biofilters.
Such reviews to give drainage gets good because it is easily installed, and acrid smells of septic tank does not exude.And this is the optimal price / performance ratio (which is also important).
Priorities and cons of the treatment plant ↑
Dachnaya sewage treatment plant with - the most environmentally attractive method, but also the most expensive.In such a system, waste water is treated by almost 100%, and in septic tanks by only 50-70%.
The only improvement needed for purification filter trenches and fields, and it is not always convenient and cheap.Wastewater treatment plant is cleaned completely natural manner close to natural biological processes.
Watch a video report on the organization of autonomous sewage in the suburban area.
Each owner chooses the type of garden sewage in accordance with their wishes and monetary possibilities.In our time, no sewage system costs is difficult, and why put yourself in a certain frame, because you can make the most sewers and enjoy a comfortable life.