in a modern country home again confidently return fireplaces, Russian and Dutch oven, over the centuries adorned the homes of inhabitants, palaces of the nobility and warmth warms them alive.The furnace in the house has long served as a symbol of home and well-being of family, built it for centuries, decorated tiles, and this tradition is still alive.Ceramic tiles for stoves and fireplaces besides decorative function solves several practical problems: thanks to the absence of cracks increases heat the stove, through the ceramic lining of the furnace furnace room hardly penetrate the toxic products of combustion, and clean smooth tile dust much more easily than rough plaster.The only thing it should be noted that in order to finish the oven only if the fireplace is like heat-resistant wall tiles for stoves, and as a binder - a solution on the basis of clay, whose strength at high temperatures only increases with time.
Types of ceramic tiles for stoves ↑
Given that the furnace orfireplace - are objects that are heated to very high temperatures, materials for their decoration must meet the following operational characteristics:
- high heat resistance;
- strength;High resistance to mechanical stress;
- thickness of not less than 6-8 mm;
- low porosity structure.
fully comply with the properties listed are only a few kinds of traditional and modern building ceramics - terracotta, majolica, clinker tiles for stoves, tiles and granite, differing designs and method of installation.Depending on the destination premises, for finishing can be chosen one or the other tile stoves: when finishing the stove for a bath in the first place important thermal performance of the tiles, the fireplace or stove in the living room is still necessary to match the style and interior.Consider all the options for facing ceramic furnaces.
Durable colorful terracotta ↑
This is one of the oldest types of ceramics, which is a non-glazed products with a highly porous structure of a certain type of clay that is pressed first and then baked.Terracotta is widely used in the architecture of ancient Greece, Rome, Asia and Russia for the manufacture of tiles, decorative elements, tiles and tiles for lining furnaces and hearths.Characteristic differences of material - high strength and rather bright reddish-brown, terracotta color.
luxury and beauty majolica ↑
are essentially improved, glazed, terracotta.The name she gave the Spanish island Maori, where merchants brought painted tin-lead glaze tiles, tableware and decorative items.Later, the art of painting ceramics from the Mediterranean came to Europe and Russia.
products in engineering majolica hand painted by talented artists, and the furnace lining tiles of this kind was considered a luxury available only very wealthy homeowners.
Heat-resistant clinker tiles ↑
This kind of building ceramics was created as a more technical alternative to facing bricks, traditionally used for finishing stoves and fireplaces in the Netherlands, Germany and other northern European countries.Clinker made from a mixture of several kinds of clay, which was added chamotte and mineral dyes, pressed, and then fired at high temperatures.The result is a durable, heat resistant lining material with low porosity structure of 9-12 mm thick, featuring a wide range of shades of natural clay from white and beige to bright terracotta and chocolate brown.
Porcelain - an innovative cladding ↑
most modern kind of finishing pottery created in Italy in the mid-80syears of the last century.It is produced by pressing at high pressure and temperature, a mixture of several clays, quartz sand, with the addition of tiny fraction of granite and marble chips, salts and oxides of various metals as colorants.Due to the monolithic non-porous structure, resistance to low and very high temperatures, as well as the wide range of colors, textures and textures of this type of construction ceramics are widely used in the decoration of interiors and exteriors of buildings.In particular, the furnace lining tiles of granite not only not inferior to traditional kinds of tiles in thermal performance, but due to various designs, can successfully simulate the majolica, terracotta, clinker, granite, marble and other natural materials.
Tiles - unique design ↑
This is a unique piece of ceramic finishing material, decorated with glazed pattern, originally created for lining furnaces and has been used in this role in ancient Babylon.
tiles, as well as other traditional veneering ceramic, made from certain varieties of clay, followed by firing, but they differ in the form of a conduit, through which substantially increases its heat-saving characteristics, and transferred the heat from the stove tiles is considered the most environmentally friendly.
How oblitsevat tiled stove ↑
choosing tiles for decoration fireplace or stove, be sure to pay attention to whether there is a reverse side with its special notches, provides better adherence with the binder solution.Some manufacturers also produce intended for finishing tile stoves with keyhole tongue and groove system that allows it to stack with no visible seams at the joints.
Facing a metal grid ↑
Before oblitsevat tiled stove, you need to prepare the surface and masonry joints.On the surface of the stove is removed, if necessary, old paint and clean it from dust and dirt with a wire brush and masonry joints embroider a depth of about 10 mm.
for the future strength of the masonry stove adhesive qualities of the metal wire mesh with a mesh size of not more than 150x150 mm.The mesh is attached to the masonry nails 100 mm uniformly hammering them into the joints between the bricks or with self-tapping screws, pre-drill them in brick hole d = 4-5 mm.Then
fitted by wire mesh oven brickwork applied cement mortar layer, grade M400, sand and clay prepared in a ratio of 1 part cement 0.2 parts sand and three parts of clay.Clays decisive importance in this case does not matter.
When the layer of cement-clay plaster is completely dry up, you can start laying the tiles.Laying the first row of tiles start from the bottom, regular checking using the horizontal level or comparing it with the pre-coated with a horizontal cable layout.Cement-clay solution prepared in the same proportion as for the plaster is applied directly to the underside of the tiles, spread evenly with a notched trowel, is pressed against the surface of the tile hands pristukivaya lightly with a rubber mallet.
first spread all whole tiles in each row, and only at the end of cut glass cutter, or by using machines for cutting tiles.To ensure a uniform joint width over the entire surface between the tiles set restrictive tic - two horizontal and vertical sides of each tile.Thus seams approximately half filled with a solution for decorative effect.To the plane tiled surface was perfect, the location of each newly laid tile check wooden slats.
After completion of laying ceramic surfaces with a dry clean cloth remove streaks and dirt from the binder solution.After 3 days, perform grouting, even a day had a stove can be used.
use of aluminum parts ↑
as reinforcement provides strength tile masonry, instead of wire mesh can be used special aluminum strips with holes.Aluminum reinforcing strips before being impose tiled stove, set at the construction stage or in the pre-embroidered to a depth of about 10 mm in the vertical joints of brickwork.Next to these bands bolted corners - T-bar made of aluminum, and between them are placed on a cement-clay mortar ceramic tile in the same sequence as in the wall on the grid.
binder solution is applied to the back of the tiles and using hand pressure and corrective taps with a rubber hammer achieve a snug fit to the tile masonry.Horizontal thus paving the way regulated by the corners and the vertical should be continuously checked with the staff.
Facing the oven tiles ↑
Facing tiles furnaces have long been equated with art, and owning their masters enjoyed special respect.Compared with a conventional oven, tiled stove tiles are not only very beautiful, but also its heat output is much higher: each square meter of tile stove gives to a space on 0.25-0.3 kW more heat than any other heater.
main feature of the process of laying tile stove is that initially set the tiles, and then attach them to the brick furnace body.Tiles can be flat, cornice, corners, but they represent a ceramic box with elegant glazed face of the box and open the attachment from the inside - Rump.
Unlike other tiles, decoration tiles furnace is performed simultaneously with its masonry, in several stages, it is very time consuming and this work should be trusted only to professionals in possession of all the techniques of ancient art.
Pretreatment tiles ↑
Since tiles are single-piece non-standard products, before starting work they must be sorted by shade, putting aside the tile glaze marriage or cracks.Darker tiles spread the lower ranks, and rejected, but useful, you can put in a subtle places.
then tiled tiles customize the size, pull up and polishing skirting the edge.Usually treated with a first reference sample, the dimensions of which then customize the rest.Gently using sharp steel strip is cut a trailing edge, and then - the glazed front.Be particularly careful to grind the edge of the horizontal: the laying of the glaze of two adjacent tiles must not touch.Immediately prior to laying tiles are soaked in water for better grip with a binder with clay mortar.
procedure for laying tile stove ↑
Laying tile stove to begin laying the first row of tiles, which is then attached to the brick kiln shell.Initially, it is recommended to lay it dry without mortar from the wall tiles to check their position vertically and horizontally apart and leaving the first row, starting with stacking corners in the binder solution.
Each subsequent series of articles placed in the following order.
Rump tile half filled with clay mortar and tightly pressed into a river pebbles.On top of a layer of filler flush with the masonry mortar boards and pressed against the brick tiles.
When the height masonry reach the level of a number of tiled, tiles tightening the wire by passing it through the bends crutches fixing.Crutches followed siege, and the ends of the wire to bring in the brickwork.Vertical rows of Rump tiles fasten steel staples, making sure they snap into place until it stops.
thickness of the seam between two horizontal rows of tiles should be at least 3 mm shrinkage brick tile, "chainmail" will settle simultaneously.
completed the installation of tiles and brickwork, all seams carefully cleaned with an awl, washed from the remnants of the solution tiled surface and dried.Then gypsum slurry is applied to the joints, and after 10 minutes, remove it surplus clean, dry cloth.
After completing masonry and facing a tiled stove must be dried to about 2-3 weeks, and only then it is possible to light a fire.
Whatever kind of veneering ceramics you choose, finishing oven tiles make your home the warmth, beauty, comfort and atmosphere will create it immutability home.