Build automatic gate with their hands - employment difficult, requiring specific skills and knowledge.And do not believe those who will tell you otherwise.However, to make automatic gates to more than real.This was, in fact, will be discussed in this guide.Want to learn about the different types and methods of creation of an automatic gate?Read on!
Automatic gates - who is who?↑
The fact that modern automatic gates - a piece is incredibly convenient, do not need to convince anyone.They are in demand, and, of course, the market is full of proposals.However, all the variety of available models is easily divided into three main groups:
- Swing automatic gate;
- sliding automatic gate;
- garage automatic gate.
Making this gate has its own characteristics.
And now - more.
automatic swing gates with their hands - low cost and convenient ↑
This type of gate is the most familiar and popular because of convenient and simple device.Prerequisite - free space for opening the gate.
Basically, the framework for such a goal is made of high profile stiffness.Then he sheathed the top - such as wood or metal panels.
more expensive option, but it certainly is very beautiful - forged carved lattice.
Swing gates - a list of components:
- poles for mounting;
- set of loops;
- gate leaf;
- stops: the side and center;
- handle to open the gate;
- brackets for mounting the actuator to the posts and slats.
- actuators (two).
poles for mounting the gate can be done easily from the steel pipe.If the gates are obtained very heavy, it makes sense instead of pillars set U-shaped steel frame.This ensures that the gate in time will not lead.
as installation support structure foundations swing gates (columns or frame), we recommend using a foundation Sleeve.
In recent years to strengthen the pillars of the gate leaves are applied to special loop.They are supplied with bearings.In this case, the course of the gate will be smooth and easy.Typically, the number of loops mounted on the gate 4 or 6. This depends on the mass and size of the target.Such loops are of two types: metal and plastic.
door leaf (leaf) consist of frame and panel filling.Filling is of three types:
woodwork is made of metal profile (angle and connecting).Section filling can be made of metal picket, sandwich panels, and, also, an aluminum rolling profile.Metal parts of the gate must be primed and painted.
side or central stops - essential elements of the design.In fact, this metal pins-limiters that prevent the gate leaf out of range.The stops can be either permanent or removable.
bolts and handles to open the gate and is attributed to the necessary structural elements, since, for any interruption to the electricity, which we, unfortunately, not uncommon to lock and open the gates you have to hand.
actuators and brackets to reinforce them, usually sold in the kit.Buy them separately, we do not recommend, since, drives and mounts from different manufacturers may not be appropriate in the parameters.
Review automation ↑
Buy a set of automation portal today do not make the slightest labor.Usually in control system includes:
- right-handed and left-handed drive self-locking;
- gate control unit (transformer and control board in one case);
- set of photocells (transmitter and receiver, remote control, photocells);
- nuts, bolts, bushings and keys for emergency release;
- set of mounting plates.
To select automatic swing device properly, you should consider several important parameters.
- weight and size of the valves;
- the intensity of the opening;
- ease of travel of the gate leaves.
consider them in detail.
weight and size of the gate leaf - parameters that can not be separated from each other.The reason is as follows.The sash and the drive are strong wind loads.That is, if we put automation, calculated on the weight of leaves up to 100 kg, and will take into account the area, the first strong winds will break the expensive device like a monkey newspaper.
To select the device correctly, you need to make simple calculations.
Assume that the average wind load in your area of 50 kg / m.If you want to set the standard gates with dimensions of corrugated leaf 2x2 m, the wind load will be 2h2h50 = 200 kg.Now add the actual weight of one leaf (100 kg) and obtain the final value of 300 kg.In this case, in view of safety, it is necessary to mount the actuator, designed for sash weight of 400 to 800 kg, and similar wind load.Then, your gates will serve long.
opening intensity - expressed as a ratio of the actual work in an hour.Expressed as a percentage.For example, 30% per hour.These data can be found in the data sheet.
Field Notes : How to use this option?Suppose, on the opening of the gate leaf takes about 20 seconds.The same number - at the closing.Total 40 seconds.Then, allocate 30% of 60 (the number of minutes in an hour), and get approximately 18 minutes.Now we have only one thing - to turn 18 minutes a second (1080) and divide that value by 40. We see the result, the number 27. Thus, the gate will be able to skip the 1 hour 27 cars.For a private home ownership - more than enough.And for the garage cooperative - will be small.
Easy travel of the gate leaves - this parameter depends primarily on the correct installation of poles and loops (without bias), and the magnitude of the frictional force in the loops (solved timely lubrication).In addition, this parameter is influenced by weather conditions: frost, snow, ice creates additional resistance.Therefore, you should choose the drive with power reserves.Otherwise, the winter will have to help the gate by hand, and this will agree, not a dream.
By type device for automatic swing gates are divided into:
- Linear - these drives are called as "worm."They work on the principle of lengthening / shortening of the stem, which is driven by a worm gear;
- Lever - The principle of operation of these drives is similar to the principle of the human hand.The length of the lever consists of two parts connected by a movable joint.
Linear Actuators are ideal for swing gates, flaps that open on both sides of the yard.They are easy to use and relatively inexpensive.
Lever Automatic allows you to open the gate, suspended at a distance from the edge of the column of 20-40 cm. This type of automation can be installed on stone columns facing the pillars woodwork.
As for brands, producing automatic swing gate, it is important to only your preferences and the density of the purse.For our part, we advise to pay attention to the products of the Italian firm «Came Group».This company specializes in the manufacture of electric only, and in 30 years of existence on the market has learned to do it well.
way, Came - it is the first company that came up with remote controlled gates
Automatic sliding vorota- design and choice of fittings ↑
It is this kind of goal is now the most popular.Yes, if you compare with hinged doors, the sliding will be more difficult due to the need for special fittings.But nowadays you can buy anything you want, and that, in the recent past, an expensive and rare element design has ceased to be a rarity.
What are the advantages of sliding gates?A lot of them.We will list the most obvious:
- absence as a guide at the bottom of the opening gate, and at the top - it removes restrictions on the height of the entering vehicle;
- efficient work of automation - it eliminates the need to leave the car to open the gate;
- require minimal maintenance.
Make yourself sliding gates will not be difficult for anyone who knows how to deal with the grinder and welder.However, despite its trendy, they have two major drawbacks: the more "biting" automatic price and availability of space for the rollback sash.Otherwise, everything great - the gate will serve you faithfully for decades.On average, the operating system of sliding gates designed for 50,000 opening / closing cycles.
choice of material for sewing the sliding gate depends entirely on your imagination.This can be:
- metal fence;
- metal sheet;
By type of construction, these gates are divided into 2 types:
- with whole cloth;
- with built-in wicket.
set of accessories for sliding gates consists of
- roller carriages;
- upper support rollers;
- rolling rollers;
- 2 collectors - the upper and lower;
- guide profile;
- rubber plugs.
Note : Price set of accessories depends on the weight of the gate length of the guide and the manufacturer.For example, for gates up to 400 kg with a guide in the 5 th set of accessories of our production will cost, on average, 5 700-6 000 p.A similar set for gates up to 800 kg will cost 2 500-3 000 p more.Set overseas accessories of good quality, for example, Rolling Center (Italy) easier on your wallet more than 20 thousand rubles.
words, "Think for yourself, decide for yourself."
Making sliding doors with their hands - step by step guide ↑
Step №1 Determine the size of the gate.The length, width and height of the movable flaps determines the weight of the gate, and, consequently, the choice of accessories.It depends on the size of the target, as well, the value of the distance required for biasing the flap.Ideally, it should be one and a half times greater than the aperture gate.
Step №2 Install supporting pillars.As a material suitable:
- steel profiled tube;
- oak beams;
- pillar of concrete or brick.
main rule when installing - supporting pillars need to deepen the soil at 1 meter.Otherwise, the next winter or spring supporting pillar can be displaced vertically and spoil the geometry of the frame.This will negatively affect the opening of the gate.
For proper installation of the column do the following:
- dig a pit depth of about 120 cm;
- laid on the bottom of the "cushion" - dumping of sand and gravel 15 cm thick, rammed it well;
- set post and fill it with concrete (cement brand for at least the M-300).
Step №3 Make a foundation for the gate.This - the basis of the whole structure.First, the foundation holds the weight of the gate, and he will agree, is not small.Secondly, the foundation is laid, "stool" - channel on which will move roller shutter gate.
for laying the foundation, do the following:
- Dig and build pit.
- length = 50% of the gate-opening.
- width (cm) - 40-45;
- depth (cm) - 100-120.
form U-shaped pit, as shown in Figure
Once the pit is ready to do dumping.The value of "cushions" - as when installing pillars.
- Produce "banquette".Requires channel (width 20 cm) steel fittings (section 10-12 mm).The valve must be cut into the "sword" 100 cm long, and then welded to the shelves sill;
- Set "banquette" and pour concrete.
- After pouring the concrete need to settle.Minimum curing time for 6-7 days.
- Top "banquettes" is installed flush with the road (ie, on the same level).
- avoid cracking the concrete need to be watered every day with water.
Step №4 Making the base frame.The frame for sliding gates can be done easily from the profile of the steel pipe (eg, a profile for the gate).
- cutting profile to the desired length of the segments;
- removing rust from the pipe (Bulgarian will need a packed "metal brush");
- degreasing solvent or gasoline pipe, anti-corrosion coating of soil;
- assembly frame by welding;
- cleaning welds and finishing entire frame corrosion primer.
- to the outer contour of the frame section 50x50 choose proftrubu mm or 60x40 mm.
- stiffeners suitable for tube 20x30 mm or 30x40 mm.
- guide elements and collect the carcass in a staggered manner, because of the heating door leaf necessarily will lead.
Step №5.Painting Rooms' frame and door leaf.
The color can be applied immediately after drying of the soil.Inexpensive and practical option - alkyd enamel.To the gate looked richer recommend applying at least 2 layers of paint.After each coat of paint, it must dry.
Choice Sewing material - especially individual case.
Attach material to be an inner tube (frame rigidity ribs).To build or use self-tapping rivets.
Step №6.Installation of doors.
Assemble in following order:
- set to "banquette" rollers and dressed them in guiding the door leaf;
- exhibit gates strictly on the level (can be used as a conventional six-foot level and a laser);Be of good cheer!