On how properly constructed ceiling in the bath depends largely on maintaining the desired temperature in the room, as well as the service life of the structure.Even his height plays an important role: for a better warm enough to between the ceiling and the highest regiment was a space that allows you to sit in the bath-house man cap.Despite the complexity of the task, with the installation of the ceiling can be managed independently and, most importantly, decide on the type of ceiling and a view of the materials used, as well as to follow a few simple tips outlined in this article.
Landmarks facilities ceiling in the bath ↑
installing ceiling in the bath, the builders required to face a number of questions:
- what type of ceiling
- what will be the height of the ceiling in the bath;
- what material will be used during installation.
As mentioned above, this is the optimal height to sitting on the top shelf, not to get his head to the ceiling, but it should not be less than 2 meters.It is best to use when working carefully dried wood.Most suitable for this purpose, the board of conifers, but for the inner liner preferably hardwood, such as aspen or lime.Plank design, thanks to its tight fit, are of good heat retention, but their choice should pay special attention to the content of the resin.Wood lower tar has a low thermal conductivity, resistance to high temperatures and good sound insulation.
device ceiling baths means heat and vapor barrier.A good steam insulating layer is a dense film and can be used as a thermal insulator basalt fiber coated with a layer of foil.
Tip: You can apply for insulation and are available materials like earth, clay, sawdust or shavings.
Types bath ceilings ↑
For all baths there are three types of ceilings:
Specificity grazing version ↑
In small baths, in the span width not exceeding 2.5 meters, it is recommended that such a device is the ceiling in the bath.Also, this option is suitable for buildings with main walls on the site of a conventional shield walls.
boards thickness up to 50 mm is laid directly on the walls of the bath joint to joint.On top of the resulting vapor shield steles and insulating layers.The vapor barrier can be used as a foil, roofing felt or roofing.Next crumbles soft insulation, such as peat, which is closed croaker, fasten it with nails to the beam.
Tip: instead of slabs of slate or can be used alone made fire-resistant plates (dimensions: Step beam x 300 mm x 20 mm), which poured out of the solution, consisting of four parts of clay, 0.3 part of cement, one part of sawdust, and the two partswater.
Important: when using bulk materials as insulation is necessary around the perimeter of the attic raise fencing board.This will help avoid unloading systems layer from the ceiling.
significant disadvantage of this method is the inability to use the attic to move on it.This could lead to a breach of the insulating properties of the structure and the total damage the ceiling.This loft can be applied only to dry brooms and bath accessories.With great challenges to face, and in the repair of the ceiling or roof system, as in this case, the movement of the ceiling can not be avoided, and, therefore, can not be avoided and damage.But grazing ceilings are easy to mount and its cheapness.
Features panel ceiling ↑
panel ceiling mounts of pre-prepared sheets of special design, consisting of:
- two carrier bars;
- inner liner;
- steam, heat and waterproofing;
- external ramp, located just on the part of the attic.
That is, the insulating layers are placed as if in a "trough" for closing the top wooden flooring.Typically, these panels are rather heavy, which not only makes it difficult installation, and excessive burdens ceiling baths.In order to facilitate its little weight, as the insulation is recommended to use basalt fiber or glass, stacked layer of not more than 100 mm.
Shields fit tightly to each other, and between them is placed an elastic pad made of waterproof thermal insulation material.This is to prevent heat loss through the mezhschitovye gap.Very well suited for this purpose felt gasket made of polyethylene or foil.
The main advantage of the ceiling panel - its economy.After all, for the manufacture of panel boxes can be used cutting lumber in the construction of the remaining baths.
But a disadvantage is the big weight of finished boards.If any other bath ceiling with his hands can do, and one person, the panel overlap requires the participation of several builders.More experienced people establish first empty box, and then, already in place, fill them with insulating layers and close the attic flooring.
Tip: during the operation of the bath room on the top headliner water can collect.To avoid this, the ceiling should be stud with a slight slope of about 5 °.
Stepwise description of the device ↑
So, how do the ceiling in the bath of the shield panels?The device of the ceiling starts with the assembly of the structure.Two panels stacked bar at a distance of 500 mm from each other, with their ends should rest against a flat rail, laid on the ground in advance.
attached top board 600 mm by means of screws or nails ordinary, so that both sides turned the projection of 50 mm.This period is necessary for the subsequent placement of steam and heat insulating material between the boards.
Once all the boards are attached, the panel flips, and a vapor barrier attached to it by means of staples or thin strips.To move the sheet in a bath bars require a seal between the two rails sideways, it will help to avoid distortion of the structure during transport.Subsequently, the jib removed.
Before installing the panels on the wall for them need to put a seal, for example, jute.After placing all panels on the vapor barrier and insulation fit after waterproofing.
Important: panels are connected to each other only by means of boards, in any case can not be used or the screed mounting the beam to the upper log bathhouse.
insulation laid in the joints between panels.Sheathe ceiling panels as follows:
- Whole board with a length equal to the width of the stacked panels, attached with screws to their bars.
- Next to them is attached a few short boards, and then again one-piece board.
- Joints short boards closed by rail waybill.
Priorities podshivnoy type ↑
boarded ceiling - a ceiling beam clapboard siding.Next on the boards stacked insulation layers, ie, steam, heat and moisture, and in that order.After positioning the sealing cap completely sheathed with boards from the attic.
This kind of overlap is ideal for the construction of a bath with the attic, since all the insulation layers are protected on both sides of the boardwalk.It is easily installed by one person alone, but the high cost of living is different, since it is necessary to buy the massive beams and boards for sheathing whole span.
device suspended ceiling ↑
Before a device of this type of ceiling, it is necessary to prepare a sufficient number of edged board (lining).First beams stacked, and then issued a hole for the flue.To do this in the crosspiece in the middle run slots into which the central beam ceilings.The whole structure shall be secured by nails.Usually, the opening for chimney has dimensions 380h380 mm.
now ready for installation of ceiling board.To do this, a vapor barrier is attached to the joists using a stapler, and before it all ends treated with a special antiseptic.We put the material so as to have an overlap of the wall at least 150 mm.
Then take a board and edged by a planer plane down Spike thick wall connection baths.Now, following the board placed a thorn in the groove of the first board and connect them firmly, lightly tapping with a mallet over its entire length.Similarly, it is going the entire ceiling.
After assembling the shield insulation vapor barrier is laid out, and further insulation, which is covered by a wooden platform attached to the joists with long nails.
Tip: nails for installation of the ceiling in the baths is better to choose a hat with a broad and always galvanized.Their length should be at least twice the thickness of the plaque affixed.Instead of nails, you can use screws of the same length.
Video: aerated as an option ↑
So, before making the ceiling in the bath, it is necessary to choose its type.Each design has its advantages and disadvantages, but most often used in baths boarded and paneled ceilings.Panel ceilings are complex installation, and it is this fact usually plays a decisive role in the selection.Besides podshivnoy ceiling differs durability and increased strength.