Waterproofing of pools - materials and work performance, protection options and methods

By Admin | Garden And Buildings / Pool
15 April 2016

Pools can rightly be attributed to the objects of high complexity.As the waterworks, they are experiencing significant stress caused by water.The water that fills the pool, has an impact on the materials used and its frame, and eventually destroys the design of the basin as a whole.That is why the waterproofing of swimming pools is one of the most important stages of their devices.

It is noteworthy that no differences in the technology of waterproofing waterproofing pools in other areas characterized by an increased level of humidity, no.However, we must consider the fact that the materials used for these works vary widely in composition and performance characteristics.Thus, the primer pool has a special structure, which allows it to apply a much thicker than usual.

Quite important is the question of operational properties of materials used in the devices of the pool.Among the designs became particularly popular in concrete, brick and solid versions.For the waterproofing of structures often used elast

ic materials forming the coating repels water and prevents the appearance of cracks in the walls of the pool.But along with them are widely used and a cement-polymer compositions.

Waterproofing of pools
Waterproofing swimming pools - construction materials protection from the damaging effects of water

no secret that the market is constantly waterproofing materials offers the consumer a wide variety of new products, both domestic and foreign manufacturers.It is therefore recommended to study carefully this segment before you opt for any particular material for waterproofing swimming pools.


Types waterproofing pools ↑

Today waterproofing the pool can be both internal and external.The latter is designed to ensure the protection of the hydraulic structure of groundwater.Internal insulation to prevent the negative effects of water on the pool basin and protects against leaks.

worth noting that the previously used materials for waterproofing pools, in particular, mastic, roofing material, a variety of PVC film differed poor adhesion.Moreover, providing enough high demands on the insulated surface, for example, do not allow moisture base.

As for external insulation, many materials become traditional to protect pools from the negative effects of moisture, working at the gap, resulting in the need to install additional retaining walls.This in turn results in an undesirable increase in material costs and labor.That is why the less expensive materials are used on the outside to protect the pool from the ground water.However, the higher the level of ground water, the greater the need for high quality waterproofing outdoor pool.The fact that the ground water infiltrating into the pores of the concrete may break the valve and the entire inner waterproofing, resulting in deformation of the entire structure.

Exterior waterproofing
Exterior waterproofing of pools is necessary to prevent the impact of groundwater

internal waterproofing designed to protect the design of the entire pool from the damaging effects of corrosion.In addition, this type of insulation prevents flaking plaster applied that leads to the preservation of the strength of the pool and sealing his cup.The fact that the waterproofing of the pool - this is one of the key devices of hydraulic structure.For any internal waterproofing the pool presented a number of mandatory requirements:

  • Good water resistance;
  • elasticity of the insulating layer;
  • fineness waterproofing;
  • resistance of the cracks up to 3 mm;
  • high degree of adhesion;
  • ability to withstand not only the hydrostatic but also dynamic loads;
  • Suppression of microbial growth and various fungi;
  • Sustainability.
Internal insulation hydraulic structure
internal waterproofing pools protect the cup from corrosion and destruction

Different methods of protection against water ↑

Technology waterproofing operations are mostly similar, but their basic differences are used waterproofing material, each of which has itsparticular application.

Undoubtedly, prior to application of the insulating layer is necessary to hold a series of preparatory work.The surface on which is applied waterproofing material should be as smooth on it should be no cracks, chips and other defects.In addition, the need to be completely absent any dirt or residues of other coatings.Most often such cleaning insulated surface is carried out by sandblasting.

Today waterproofing the pool with your own hands can be performed using a wide variety of compositions.These include:

  • mineral acid solution.Their main purpose is to open the pores of the concrete, enough for the deepest penetration of the waterproofing compound.
  • polymerized impregnation.They penetrate into the concrete, are polymerized to form the plastic.This kind of infiltration helps to strengthen the pool basin, made of concrete, and create an excellent basis for a plaster.
  • additives to solutions.Among them accepted to various grouting and adhesives that improve waterproofing properties of concrete and other compositions.

specific regard to the materials for the waterproofing of swimming pools, the manufacturers are represented in a fairly wide range.This membrane may be polymeric, liquid rubber penetrating cement compositions, liquid glass and others.Each of these materials requires certain technology waterproofing operations.

bitumen-based materials ↑

This type of waterproofing materials widely spread over 50 years ago, which allows for the right to call it traditional.It was in the 60s of the last century on the market of insulation materials appeared bituminous mastics, roofing material and fusing roll materials.

Bituminous Materials for waterproofing
material for waterproofing bitumen

Today, these materials are not used for waterproofing basins bowls, as characterized by poor adhesion with the adhesive compositions, which are used for the installation of the pool liner.

Penetrating waterproofing for pools ↑

The basis of this type of waterproofing is the penetration of the insulating material in the pores of the concrete, where it polymerizes and reliability of their clogs.The penetration depth of the composition may be as high as 0.5 m. Particular ease of use of this material is the possibility of applying it on the inside of the insulated structure.Penetrating waterproofing enhances the degree of frost resistance of concrete and prevents mold and mildew.

Penetrating waterproofing
Action penetrating waterproofing pools

worth noting that the waterproofing of swimming pools with their own hands with the help of penetrating compositions has a number of drawbacks.So, there is no possibility insulation of concrete compounds and elements of water supply equipment, sealing of cracks occurring in the layer of plaster.

insulation cement-based ↑

waterproofing materials with the basis of the cement-sand mixture, characterized by a two-component, as part of their added-modified polymers.As a rule, such a sealing layer has a thickness of 2-5 cm. The application of insulation is achieved in stages.

Waterproofing cement-based materials have excellent performance characteristics.They are ideal for outdoor and indoor insulation home pools.A high degree of adhesion to a variety of surfaces, easy to perceive the dynamic and static load.

Waterproofing of the pool on the basis of cement
Waterproofing cement-based pool

These waterproofing materials, among other things, characterized by a good water vapor permeability, which allows you to not worry about the problem of the emergence of bubbles and blisters.Indicators of reliability and durability of these materials is also quite high.The apparent advantage of insulation cement-based is the convenience and ease of application.For example, cement waterproofing can be applied even on damp surfaces.

However, it should be noted some shortcomings of these waterproofing materials.The biggest disadvantage is the low degree of elasticity, which leads to low efficiency of the material at varying temperatures, in areas of stress concentration.The solution to this problem would be silicone or elastic sealants.Seams formed by these compounds will serve as unloading "zones."

Liquid glass - effective material ↑

Currently gained special popularity waterproofing pools liquid crystal, which is a conventional aqueous solution of sodium silicate.This solution makes it possible to increase the period of operation of the pool several times, in addition, it compares favorably with antiseptic properties.

Liquid glass for waterproofing the pool
Waterproofing the pool water glass

liquid glass filled all the pores and cracks in the concrete, which protects it from corrosion and the damaging effects of moisture and air.Liquid glass has a high adhesion to the applied surface of the refractory.It can be used for waterproofing the pool as impregnation, additives and supplements.

Waterproofing basins using membranes ↑

The polymeric membrane for pools
membrane for waterproofing pools

Experts note that membrane systems are used to isolate the hydraulic structures, such as swimming pools, excellent work on compression and tension, allowing them to easily withstandlarge tensile loads.However, work with membranes requires a special welding machine and dryer for welding seams.As a rule, this work is performed by qualified personnel, as poor quality welding membrane disrupt the integrity of the waterproofing layer.Thus, the presence of small holes 1-2 mm would cause all the water that fills the pool, may be a waterproofing coating.

Thus, today there are many different structures and materials that are in varying degrees, are used for high-quality waterproofing swimming pools, both indoor and outdoor.Solving the problem of how to make waterproofing the pool, you must carefully examine the appropriate segment of the market of insulation materials, consider their own preferences, the size of the pool, the material for his cup, financial opportunities.Given these nuances will perform quality waterproofing, which will ensure the durability of any pool.